The Sun King


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The Sun King

  1. 1. The Sun King Louis XIV
  2. 2. <ul><li>Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, the parents of Louis XIV had been married for twenty two years without a child </li></ul><ul><li>When Louis was finally born in 1638 they called him &quot;Louis the God-Given.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>When his father died, the regency fell to the hands of the intensely-disliked queen and Cardinal Jules Mazarin. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV came to the throne as a five year old boy on 14 May 1643, the Thirty Years' War was still in progress </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>When Louis become king in 1643 the true ruler of France was Cardinal Mazarin being that Louis was king at age five. </li></ul><ul><li>Many French civilians despised Mazarin because of his implementation of increased taxes and strong central government. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Mazarin riots took place from 1648-1653. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>At the age of 23 Louis finally took control of the government by using agents called intendants who would collect taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis devoted himself to helping France attain economical, political, and cultural brilliance. </li></ul><ul><li>He hired minister of finance Jean Baptiste Colbert to help make France self-sufficient. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In order to ratify the peace treaty ending the war that had begun in 1635 between France and Spain, Louis XIV married Marie Thérèse of Austria in 1660 </li></ul><ul><li>Marie Thérèse was the daughter of the King of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV married Marie Thérèse despite his love for Mazarin's niece, Marie Mancini </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Louis was dignified and imposed charming manners. He was also hard working, patient and self-disciplined with an iron physical constitution </li></ul><ul><li>He maintained a strict routine of official business, every day </li></ul><ul><li>Louis loved to indulge himself in luxury. </li></ul><ul><li>Close to 500 staff were hired to cook, wait on him and serve Louis every need </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles was the size of a small city and was richly decorated to show Louis’ wealth </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Louis was the epitome of the absolute monarch and embodied the idea of divine right monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>As God's representative on earth, he felt that he was due respect and that his word was law </li></ul><ul><li>He was responsible to God alone </li></ul><ul><li>As an absolute monarch, Louis XIV wielded unlimited authority with all decisions made by him </li></ul><ul><li>With good intentions Louis entered France into war with the Dutch. But a European wide alliance was formed to stop Louis’ military. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The French citizens longed for peace but they were given war. </li></ul><ul><li>Starting in 1701 France and Spain was linked together to fight against England, Austria, and the Dutch Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis realized he had ruined France’s fortune and spend his last few years regretting what had happened to his people under his leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>He died in his bed in 1715. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of France great rejoiced that Louis XIV was finally gone. </li></ul>