If vocabulary is used in a way that students couldn’t figure it out from context or structural analysis.Frontloading should not remove the need to read the text.Frontloading should not take readers away from the text to their own experiences. Kids get caught up in their own stories, they forget to believe the author.
Elementary adaptations:Who is reading. . .
Place article on 11X17 paper
Close reading cmrc
Close Reading: A Deliberate Downshift Reference: Fisher and FreyJennifer McCarty Plucker, Ed.D. www.fisherandfrey.comMRA President
Today’s Targets We can consider why we need to redefine text/literacy We can define Close Reading We can examine strategies to support our students in their rereads
The Australian Library Journal August 1995To be literate an individual must recognizewhen information is needed and have theability to locate, evaluate and use effectivelythe information neededUltimately literate people are those whohave learned how to learn.... Jennifer McCarty Plucker, Ed.D.
Purpose of Literacy (reading and writing)“Think of literacy as a spine; it holds everythingtogether. The branches of learning connect toit.” ~Phillips and Wong, 2010 cited in Focus by Schmoker Jennifer McCarty Plucker, Ed.D.
A return to “what works” For centuries,• Close reading/underlining and annotation of text• Discussion of the text• And writing about the text informed by close reading, discussion, and/or annotation have been the heart of both what we learn and how we learn, the key to acquiring both the knowledge and intellectual acumen that transform lives and overcome poverty like no other factor. ~Schmoker, 2011 Jennifer McCarty Plucker, Ed.D.
What do the experts have to say?Handout:Comparing Leading Authors Views of CloseReadingNote Similarities/Differences across expertsPair/Share
Our goal withcomplex textis to slowthe readerdown.
How can we use Close Reading toprovide this staircase of complexity. Opinions, Arguments, Intertextual Connections Inferences Author’s Purpose Vocab & Text Structure Key Details General Understandings
Background Knowledge & Front Loading“Activation alone, although important, doesn’t expand knowledge.”
Key Features:Short Complex PassagesLimited FrontloadingRepeated Readings—using these multiple opportunities to model “strategic reading”Text-Dependent QuestionsAnnotation
Let’s Try ItPurpose: What does Dr. Ablow believe is the psychological impactof Gangnam Style?
Let’s Read it AgainAnnotate considering:What is Dr. Ablow saying?Why is he saying it?HOW is he making his point?
Text-Dependent QuestioningText –Dependent Question Level of ComplexityWhat evidence does the author provide General Understanding/Key Detailsto prove that Gangnam style is the “mostpopular song ever on YouTube”?What genre of writing is this article? How Text Structure and Vocabularydo you know?Why does the author repeat “I know” inthe last paragraph?Return to the “purpose for reading”-- Author’s PurposeWhat does Dr. Ablow believe is thepsychological impact of Gangnam Style?What conclusion can we draw from the Inferencescomparisons the author makes betweenGangnam Style and Blues and Soul andRock n’ Roll?What examples does the author use to Opinions, Arguments, Intertextualsuggest that our “culture is abandoning Connectionsmeaning and feeling?”