Infancy Early Childhood Phys Soc

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Infancy Early Childhood Phys Soc

  1. 1. Infancy and Early Childhood: Physical and Social Development HDF 501: Lifespan Development Wheelock College Boston, MA
  2. 2. The First Three Months <ul><li>Physical Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Brain Development </li></ul><ul><li>Sensing the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with the World </li></ul>
  3. 3. Social Development <ul><li>Emotions and Facial Expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Infant-Caregiver Relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Identity Development </li></ul><ul><li>Moral/Pro-social Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Regulation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Physical Development <ul><li>Brain Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exuberant Synaptogenesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term Implications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Motor Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developmental Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grasping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locomotion </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Four Questions of Developmental Science Continuity Sources of Development Plasticity Individual Differences
  6. 6. Development in Infancy and Early Childhood Adolescence Adulthood Middle Childhood Early Childhood Later Infancy Early Infancy Prenatal Cognitive Language Emotional Social Physical
  7. 7. Development in Infancy and Early Childhood Identity development Regulate emtions Expressing feelings appropriately Pro-social behaviors Social learning Moral development Effortful control, self-regulation Socio-dramatic play Significant motor development Brain development Early Childhood Emotion regulation Sense of self Development of trust Becoming more autonomous Caregiver attachment Patterns of attachment Social referencing Communication Changes in proportion Ossification of bones Muscle toning Fine motor/gross motor skills develop Later Infancy Temperament Sleeping/feeding/crying Sensory input Hearing narrows Perception of faces Coordination w/social world Body, skull growth Brain development Reflexes to coordinated action Sensorimotor stage Early Infancy Emotional Social Physical
  8. 8. Activities for this Session <ul><li>Create an “Instruction Manual” for parents of children aged birth-5 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on the central questions of development science in relation to these stages of development. </li></ul><ul><li>Observe your Focus Child’s physical development. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ The child begins life as a pleasure-seeking animal; his infantile personality is organized around his own appetites and his own body. In the course of his rearing the goal of exclusive pleasure seeking must be modified drastically, the fundamental urges must be subject to the dictates of conscience and society, urges must be capable of postponement and in some instances of renunciation completely.” – Selma Fraiberg </li></ul>

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