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Benefits of Open Government Data

  1. Benefits of Open Government Data
  2. [1]
  3. Another Type of Social Media: Publishing Structured Data [2]
  4. Graphic generated by
  5. Web-oriented Architectures: “have a much greater potential effect on the ability to transform government than anything else in the Web 2.0 world.” - Gartner, 2007 The E-Government Hype Cycle Meets Web 2.0
  6. Publishing Structured Data Visualization Feeds • Makes it easy to find new patterns. • Ability to subscribe to interesting data • Data streams can be ‘mashed’ in new ways. Collaborative Crowdsourcing Organization • Combines skills and input of large numbers of people • Tagging, Voting, Sharing
  7. Governments publish • data streams Governments publish data streams 3rd parties create tools for • analysis and oversight 3rd Citizens collaboratively • Citizens Issues are Party monitor data monitor their resolved streams Tools government Citizens detect issues, • give feedback Issues are detected Issues are resolved •
  8. Why?
  9. Open Systems Allow External Contribution.
  10. Goldcorp 1999: Struggling Vancouver company Early test results showed gold deposits After years of searching: no gold found From Wikinomics, by Dan Tapscott [3]
  11. Golden challenge unearths new ideas: Globe and Mail, April 2007.
  12. “I
  13. [The Goldcorps President] realized that the uniquely qualified minds to make new discoveries were probably outside the boundaries of his organization, and by sharing some intellectual property he could harness the power of collective genius and capability [4]
  14. What if governments took the same approach?
  15. structured govt. data + citizen expert groups some examples...
  16. 1st Year Results: •2000 Citizen Reviewers • Avg. Time / Reviewer / Patent: 6hrs
  17. Easy to File a Report
  18. Rewarding •25,000 Problems reported • 8,000 Fixed
  19. A recent US Congress bill Groups Groups for against bill bill
  20. Votes Donations
  21. Publishing Structured Data Visualization Feeds • MAPLight makes relationship between money and votes • MAPLight is a mashup of visible. data streams from different sources. Collaborative Crowdsourcing Organization • Thousands of journalists, • Advocacy group tags advocates, and citizens can browse data and flag issues. donating companies as belonging to interest groups.
  22. Open Systems Make Failure Free. * paraphrasing Clay Shirky.
  23. Where’s the best solution?
  24. It’s hard for governments to experiment.
  25. There’s lots of people watching. [5]
  26. There’s lots of rules. [6]
  27. “An online compliance checklist for designers of government websites identifies no fewer than 24 different regulatory regimes with which all public government web sites must comply.” -David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Policy. “Government Data and the Invisible Hand”
  28. Let others experiment for you. * Save tax money. [7]
  29. • Launched • Re-designed • Limited Search • Re-launched • Hard to Use • Added RSS Feeds 2003 2008 (+few months) • Pared down interface • Easy to navigate *From: Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy.
  30. Open Systems Create New Markets. [8]
  31. Cisco: 127 Acquisitions in 15 Years [9]
  32. New Opportunities: Visualization Analysis Community Mgmt. Combining Data Sets Data Mining Niche Markets [10]
  33. Be like Cisco. Buy the best solutions. Open source them. Create an expanding base of re-usable software. [11]
  34. An Architecture for Open. [12]
  35. OLD NEW *From: Power of Information Task Force blog, June 2008.
  36. OLD NEW *From: Power of Information Task Force blog, June 2008.
  37. Access Treasury Board Reporting Department Reporting Auditor General Access *From: Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy.
  38. An Architecture for Open Access Treasury External Groups Board Reporting Department Reporting Auditor General* External Groups Access * Save tax dollars.
  39. Open System Roadblocks. [13]
  40. Civil servants often feel they live in a fishbowl.
  41. “No one was ever promoted for disclosing information.” -US Government Employee. OMBWatch, Towards a 21st Century Right To Know Agenda
  42. Open systems can make heroes. Not just scapegoats. [14]
  43. Estonia: Government document repository entirely open to public. - Stephen Clift, DemocracyOnline* [18] *
  44. Cost of Software Defect: Time Introduced vs. Time Detected Time Detected Require- Architec- Construc- System Post- ments ture tion Test Release Require- 1× 3× 5–10× 10× 10–100× ments Time Architec- Introduced - 1× 10× 15× 25–100× ture Construc- - - 1× 10× 10–25× tion McConnell, Steve (2004). Code Complete (2nd edition ed.) Microsoft Press. pp. 960. ISBN 0-7356-1967-0. Also here:
  45. Let the public see your successes as they’re happening. • Goals achieved • Innovative services • Efficiency improvements
  46. About
  47. Focus:   US Congress  California Legislature Gives grants to  online transparency tools
  48. UK Non-Profit  Simple,  Effective Tools High  Participation Photo by memespring,, Creative Commons ASA2G
  49. Accelerate online transparency  Ideas Raise Awareness   With public  With government Skills Raise Money  Fund External Development:  Funds  Grants  Contests
  50. Prove Concept Direct Attention and Get Publicity Money and to Online Tools For Transparency Raise Awareness Show What’s Possible
  51. [15]
  52. 5 Transparency Pledges  Transparency Reform Source Code:  Measurable Campaign  Promises (Lawrence Lessig and Joe  Trippi) Publish MP Schedules Candidate info scraped from  Eliminate Data Access party websites Fees 10 days to implement Access to Information  Reform
  53.  38 MPs elected  2 agreed to publish their calendar
  54. [15]
  55. 2003 Directive: Must  publish travel and hospitality expenses on the web No standards for  presentation defined
  56. 124 Departments - All different
  57. Standardize Stream Visualize • Scrape data into • Publish RSS • Provide basic standard format feeds visualization app • Hold contests
  58. Records collected so far. 30,000 Volunteers. 4 Errors found. 155 Visualization company 1 engaged. Lawyer making sure things 1 are on the up-and-up.
  59. What you can do now. [16]
  60. “When you open up the data, there’s no limit to what people can do. It engages the imagination of citizens in building the city.” -David Miller, Mayor of Toronto. Toronto 2.0: Data Sharing Source The Globe and Mail, 09-01-31
  61. [17]
  62. Government of Canada Treasury Board ITERation Project • Generalized system for publishing data • Implements IMF Code of Conduct for Fiscal Transparency
  63. What am I publishing? How can I structure it so it can be re-used? How can I be more open?
  64. Further Resources: Website: Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson et. al. Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy Hack, Mash and Peer: Crowdsourcing Government Transparency Jerry Brito, George Mason University ChangeCamp: Sunlight Foundation: Government 2.0, David Eggers. (2005) Here Comes Everybody, Clay Shirky. (2008)
  66. Photo Credits: [1] 234 social media marketing examples, beingpeterkim [2] Printing Press, Thomas Hawk [3] Gold Bars, Curtis Perry [4] Where’s Wally?, McGarry [5] Eye see you!, dotbenjamin [6] Auntie P.'s ruler, John Edgar Park [7] Chemical Reaction, Neys [8] Landmark Supermarket Trinoma, bredgur [9] Cisco 2950, Marco Wessel
  67. [10] Hanging Boken Bulb II, bitzcelt [11] United Colors of Legotton, Guillermo [12] Rotterdam: abstract architecture, docman [13] Roadblock, iboy daniel [14] just take my hand let's fly away, funkyah [15] Amelia Earheart, missrougue, [16] Dave Wants You, Chris Owens [17] Robots Attack, Andy Wilson [18] Old Town, Tallinn, Estonia