2.26 2.27- translating 9

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2.26 2.27- translating 9

  1. 1. 2.26-2.27
  2. 2. EQ: 4th Principal Part?? Agenda  Attendance, collect HW 8: Sentences 8  Quiz 8: Vocab.- 3rd Decl. Nouns (A-mare)  WotD: Ineptitude  Go over HW 8  New Grammar  Perfect Passive Participle  Types of Clauses  Ablative Absolute  HW 9: Sentences 9  Quiz 9: Vocab.- 3rd Decl. Nouns (Mater- end)
  3. 3. WotD: Ineptitude Suffix: -itude Part of Speech: Noun Prefix: In-  As in Un- (= “Not”) OR as in Latin Prep. “In” (= in/on; into/onto) Latin Roots: aptus, -a, -um Meaning: Fitting, suitable Meaning of Word:  The state of being unfit or ill-suited  An unfitting act or remark Synonyms: Incompetence, awkwardness, clumsiness
  4. 4. Go over HW 8: Sentences 81. Dux mīlitēs ad pugnam dūxit.2. Sine bellō pācem et ōtium et salūtem obtinēre cupimus.
  5. 5. Go over HW 8: Sentences 83. Ob quās causās hominēs agrōs relīquērunt?4. Linguam Latīnam et legere et scribere possum.
  6. 6. Go over HW 8: Sentences 85. Perīcula vītae bonum hominem commovēre nōn poterunt.6. Ante bellum urbs nostra nōn parāta erat, nam paucōs mīlitēs habēbamus.
  7. 7. New Grammar: Participles! Textbook p. 30-33  (We will learn the Present Active & Future Active/Passive soon) Perfect Passive Participle: The 4th Principal Part of any Verb (Portatus, Doctus, Positus, Munitus, Captus)  What’s a Participle??  Verbal Adjective (a Verb acting like an Adjective)  Describes Nouns, so must AGREE with them in Case, #, Gender  Really, “Portātus, -a, -um,” etc…  It’s a standard 2-1-2 Adjective!  Translated as “having been ______-ed”
  8. 8. How to Translate? So, Participles have Verb Characteristics (Tense & Voice), plus Adjective Characteristics (Case, #, Gender) Often, Participles set off their own Participial phrase  Tip on p. 35 (Treats the Participle like it’s a Relative Clause!) Literally: “having been _______-ed”  Can express ideas of Relative (standard- “who”), Temporal (“when,” “after”), Causal (“because”), Adversative (“although”)  In my class, keep it literal! Often, you will see an Ablative of Agent (ā/ab + abl., “by ____”)
  9. 9. Ablative Absolute (p. 33) Special use of the Perf. Pass. Participle Ablative Noun – Ablative Participle  Lit., “with the _______ having been _______-ed”  Can express ideas of Relative (standard- “who”), Temporal (“when/while/after”), Causal (“because/since”), Adversative (“although”)
  10. 10. Due next time… HW 9: Sentences 9 Quiz 9: Vocab.- 3rd Decl. Nouns (Mater- end)

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