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Write Like an Egyptian!


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Presentation preceding copper tooling project - Egyptian Cartouche

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Write Like an Egyptian!

  1. 1. Write Like An Egyptian! <ul><li>Ancient Egyptian Art and Culture: Old, Middle, New Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>• Ancient symbolic writing: Hieroglyphics </li></ul>
  2. 2. Ancient Egypt
  3. 3. Modern Day Egypt
  4. 4. Egyptian Gods Ra Osiris Annubis Horus Eye of Horus
  5. 6. <ul><li>What makes this limestone relief recognizable as Egyptian art? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the unique characteristics of Egyptian art? </li></ul>
  6. 7. Purposes and Characteristics of Egyptian Art <ul><li>Mostly found in tombs </li></ul><ul><li>Direction and order </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with the present and future (afterlife) </li></ul><ul><li>Idealization of Egyptian royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Expressionism - later kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>To tell a story of this civilization </li></ul><ul><li>To show or predict what the afterlife would be for the soul of the person embalmed… </li></ul>Pallette of K i ng Narmer,first Pharaoh of Egypt, s miting his enemies and The unification of Egypt 1st Dynasty - associated with The god Horus
  7. 8. Sculpture - baking and brewing, wood carved - from a tomb <ul><li>1900 BC, model showing people making bread and first stage of brewing - frequently put into tombs to show people engaged in making everyday items, grinding grain </li></ul>
  8. 9. Pyramids @ Giza - Khufu, Khephren, and Menkaure
  9. 10. King Tut <ul><li>King Tut’s gold mask Valley of the Kings, west bank at Thebes, 1327 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Vulture & Cobra - significance </li></ul><ul><li>Materials used and sophistication </li></ul>
  10. 11. Ankh <ul><li>Mirror Case from King Tut’s tomb what Egyptian symbol is this and what does it symbolize? Do you see more symbols within the design?…. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Relief carvings in limestone <ul><li>Seated guests and processions of offering bearers in tomb of Vizier Ramose </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Old Kingdom painting/biased relief of a procession of attendants - from the wall of the tomb of Djehutihotep II. Procession is shown only to depict a group of people, “not to be regarded as a pecularly Egyptian penchant for walking in a line.” </li></ul>
  13. 14. Sculpture… <ul><li>Queen Hatshepsut, from her funerary temple @Dier el Bahri. She is kneeling, holding a vase with the symbol of stability - most likely kneeling to the god Amun..She was only the 3rd or 4th woman to on the Egyptian throne in the first 1500 years of Egyptian history… </li></ul>
  14. 15. Jewelry <ul><li>Pectoral necklace of Princess Mereret, from her tomb in Dashur. Pectorals conveyed messages concerning religion, kingship, and life after death. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle kingdom </li></ul>
  15. 16. Jewelry - can you spot the symbols? Collar of Princess Khnumet, Middle Kingdom
  16. 17. <ul><li>Foreign captives, from funerary temple of Ramesses III </li></ul><ul><li>New Kingdom 1160 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the depiction the Pharaoh chose to show the people he conquered. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Gaming Discs <ul><li>Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting scene </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose not known exactly - some kind of game? </li></ul><ul><li>Luxury item </li></ul>
  18. 19. Mummification scene - burial chamber of a workman. Wall painting - Annubis is the embalmer .
  19. 20. Horemeb in the company of the gods, valley of the kings, Dynasty XVIII - New Kingdom
  20. 21. Prince Rahotep and his wife Nofret, from their tomb at Maidum Painted limestone Practically all Old Kingdom statues were painted - colors were black/grey white, red/brown, green, blue, and yellow - rarely any shading or subtlety Rahotep’s skin is darker than his wife’s to show all of the time men spend outside - and women inside -
  21. 22. <ul><li>Dagger of Princess Iti, daughter of Amen - from a tomb in Dahshur </li></ul><ul><li>1890 B.C. (Middle Kingdom) </li></ul>
  22. 23. Eye of Horus <ul><li>Symbol of the god Horus, the Eye is a symbol of protection from evil spirits. Found all over wall paintings, in jewelry used in burial chambers. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Nefertiti <ul><li>Hieroglyphics on the right side of this etching in sandstone - of Nefertiti and her daughter making an offering to Aten </li></ul><ul><li>Nefertiti was the wife of Akhenaten - the ruler who established one deity over Egypt, the sun god Aten </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>The Book of the Earth, from the tomb of Ramesses IV - Valley of the Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Tombs of the New Kingdom, books of the afterlife </li></ul>
  25. 26. “ alphabet of symbols”
  26. 27. Hieroglyphic writings… <ul><li>The Scribes were men and women who learned to read and write hieroglyphs . </li></ul><ul><li>They kept records of the government and wrote letters for the pharaoh. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Papyrus - and writing tools… <ul><li>Papyrus is paper that was used to write and paint on, over 5000 years old </li></ul><ul><li>It was made of a marsh plant called papyrus reed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians used pigment powder which was made from a plant and it makes paint or ink when it’s mixed up with a liquid. </li></ul><ul><li>Reeds were used for writing. </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Cartouche - Ramesses </li></ul><ul><li>What is a cartouche? </li></ul><ul><li>Note hieroglyphics and oblong border around the Pharaoh’s name. Magical rope is used to surround the name and protect it. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Rosetta Stone
  30. 31. Hieroglyphics : cracking the code <ul><li>Hieroglyphics means ‘sacred carved writing’ Taken from Greek “hieros” meaning and “glypho” meaning inscriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>Hieroglyphs are part of a system of picture writing called hieroglyphics. When picture writing first began, the pictures represented the actual object they depicted. These were called pictograms. For example, a picture of a sun within a family scene signified that the sun was part of that scene. Later, pictures came to represent ideas, so that if you saw a sun in a scene, it might symbolize not only the sun, but also daytime, warmth, or light. These were known as ideograms. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, the pictures began to represent not only the appearance of an object and related ideas, but also the sound of a spoken word used to it describe it. Sun, then, might also mean son, or be part of the word Sunday. So each picture took on a unique sound that could be used to form thoughts and ideas. </li></ul>