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Modern Dance


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Modern Dance

  1. 1. By: Jenna Kroll, Sarah Schultz and Killian Moore
  2. 2.  Not considered a serious art until the early 20th century Began to stray away from focusing on the technical aspects to focusing more on the artistry Primarily in the United States and Germany Rebellion against the rigid formalities of classic ballet Sought to inspire audience and express their views
  3. 3. WE‟LL BE DISCUSSING OTHER DANCERS Loie Fuller  Maud Allan Isadora Duncan  Mary Wigman Ruth St. Denis  Doris Humphrey Ted Shawn Charles Weidman and more… Martha Graham
  4. 4.  Marie Louis Fuller  Little/no dance Child of a Theatrical training family  Traveled to First professional Germany and appearance at the France to further her age of two dance career Grew up touring in  Accepted to Folies- minor dramatic roles Bergere and variety entertainment “turns”
  5. 5.  Her three-quarter- hour program of dances were acclaimed for its originally and exceptional use of lighting Isadora Duncan was a member of her company Often called “A creature of light”
  6. 6.  On stage techniques- use of lighting-light weight, rippling cloth Left no technique to learn Not a founder of a dance school Diagram of lighting technique Set an example for future artists Her work influenced future artists in modern dance like Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham, poets, painters, sculptors, and intellectuals.
  7. 7.  Exceptionally modest with her work Spins/turns Improvised Theatrical lighting Wanted to experiment with phosphorescent salts Secretive about her lighting techniques Her skill of light became more enhanced throughout her career Danced through emotions
  8. 8. Choregraphed by Fuller, Music by Gillet (“Loin du bal”). First preformed at the Casino Theater, New York, NY., 1891, by Fuller
  9. 9. Choreography by Loie Fuller, first preformed at the Folies- Bergere, Paris, France, 185, by Loie Fuller
  10. 10.  Violet – 1892  Radium Dance – 1904 Widow – 1893  Flight of the La Nuit – 1895 Butterflies – 1905 The Bird – 1898  Bottom of the Sea – Les Sylphes – 1899 1906 Danse Flouresent-  India Pantomime – 1901 1907 La Danse Funebre-  Ballet of Light – 1908 1902  Marche Turque – 1909 The Grottoes - 1903  Sweeping Fires - 1910
  11. 11.  Born in San Fransisco, California in 1878 Mother was a music teacher Founded many dance schools all over the world (United States, Germany, and France) Growing up the arts were considered more important than formal education Considered by many to be the, ”Mother of modern dance”
  12. 12.  Began as a show dancer in Chicago and then moved to New York where she interpretive danced for social salons Considered to be quite eccentric
  13. 13.  Greek civilization and sculptures (tunic, no shoes)  She felt they had a great “dance energy” Music Her children‟s deaths Wanted to restore dance to an art form rather than just entertainment Emotion
  14. 14.  Solos to classical composers like Beethoven and Wagner Simple Steps (walks, skips, jumps, runs) Dynamic shading and rhythm Simple tunic Improvisational technique made her hard to copy “Free Dance” Natural movements
  15. 15. Expressed her sympathy for the French peasants trying to over throw order (WWI) Song later became official song in the French National Anthem
  16. 16.  mKc8 Expressed her sympathy for Russian peasants being opressed
  17. 17.  Raised on a small farm in New Jersey Trained by her mother Training in random areas (ie. Broadway) Danced in minor roles until seeing the poster of the Goddess Isis advertising cigarettes Married her pupil Ted Shawn
  18. 18.  Middle Eastern movement Ciggarette Add Expression of religious and mystical themes
  19. 19.  Often simple but entrancing Movement of fabric/ Shading Each dance told a story
  20. 20.  Centers around the idea that she is a snake charmer in a Middle Eastern Bazaar Focused on movement of the arms
  21. 21.  Minimal amount of movement was a risk Captured the meditative state of a Holy man in India Not a crowd pleaser
  22. 22.  Founded by Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn School and company located in Los Angeles, California Wide variety of eclectic dance available (Oriental, Spanish, American Indian, etc.) Martha Graham, Charles Weidman, Doris Humphrey Very influential on future companies Many dances still performed today
  23. 23.  Date of Birth- October 21, 1891 in Kansas City, Missouri Date of Death- January 9, 1972 Known as “The Father of American Dance” Partially paralyzed- helped him get into dancing Danced professionally in Los Angeles in the early 20s Entered the army in World War Two
  24. 24.  Film- Dances of the Ages Started the Denishawn Dance School in Los Angeles While on tour- Broadway, recitals, and vaudeville
  25. 25.  Creation of “Jacob‟s Pillow” Dance Festival Jacob‟s Pillow lead to “The School of Dance for Men” Shawns last performance on stage- Siddhas of the Upper Air Shawn published 9 books: -Ruth St. Denis: Pioneer and Prophet (1920) -The American Ballet (1926) Choreographed nearly 200 Pieces of work
  26. 26.  Shawn and Denis established the principal of music visualization in modern dance His style had a very vigorous, masculine style Wanted more men to join in to do ballet Insisted that each dance contained ethnic and modern dancer, and ballet Dervish Turning (Whirling Dervish) VLc&feature=related -Sometimes used for religious purposes like Muslim monks
  27. 27.  Choreographed by Ted Shawn. Music by Benjamin Godard. First performed at academy of music in Newburgh, New York- October 6, 1924 U3GPS8 (1:00-1:30)
  28. 28.  Choreographed by Ted Shawn. Music by Jess Meeker. First performed at Clark School. Goshen, New York, October 5, 1935. HEkI
  29. 29.  Date of Birth- July 22, 1901 Date of Death- July 15, 1975 Choreographer, modern dancer, and teacher Weidman got a scholarship to Denishawn at age 19 Began his dance career at Denishawn Dance Company Weidman Started the Humphrey-Weidman Dance Company He formed the Theatre Dance Company
  30. 30.  Choreographed for Broadway plays Weidman was inspired by Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn Combined the creation of new dances with revivals of his most popular works Encouraged males to be dancers Weidman Showed the relationship between music and movement through his dancing
  31. 31.  Masculine Dramatic Skill A lot of floor work Used lots of rhythm Kinetic pantomime Artistic clarity
  32. 32.  Choreographed by Charles Weidman. Music by Vivian Fine. First performed at Bennington. Complex dance. It is called “Opus 51” because Humphrey asked him how many dances he had done up to that time and he said “51”. Not Concerned with social betterment or elevated feeling A sheer joy dance movement
  33. 33. Choreographed by Charles Weidman.The New York Times described “The twisted minds of bigots symbolized by twisted bodies. Dancers doubled up with rage and when the lynch mob finally dragged in its victim, they gathered about his body as if they were (1:10- 1:25) vultures.” (1:10- 1:25)
  34. 34.  Born in Allegheny, PA  Heretic - 1929 First dance instruction  Primitive Mysteries - at the Cumnock 1931 (1st unanimously school in LA acclaimed Attended summer masterpiece) session at the  On staff at the Denishawn school in Bennington School of 1916 the Dance (1934-1942) Formed 1st  Married to Erick independent company Hawkins in 1926
  35. 35.  Performed in Japan,  Most of her career, she Indonesia, India, chose to work with Pakistan, Iran , Israel Louis Horst & more  Retired in 1969 Completed a series of  Created over 150 dances on American dances themes (Frontier, Letter to the World, Appalachian Spring) Created Clytemnesia & Errand into the Maze during the „50s
  36. 36.  “Everything I did was influenced by Denishawn.” – Martha Graham Greek Mythology Brought dance into the 20th century often referred to as the “Picasso of Dance” Inspired choreographers and professional dancers Martha Graham Dance Company Transition from classical ballet to modernistic movements Founded the movements Contraction, Release & Spiral
  37. 37.  “I wanted to begin not with characters or ideas, but with movements . . .I wanted significant movement. I did not want it to be beautiful or fluid. I wanted it to be fraught with inner meaning, with excitement and surge.” –Martha Graham Contraction, Release, Spiral Natural motion and to music “Percussive movements” Spastic movement, tremblings, and falls Strong emotions Used music to make works more dramatic
  38. 38.  Founded in 1926 by Martha Graham American style dance Works in contemporary social, political, psychological, sexual contexts Today, the company continues to carry on Graham‟s spirit of inginuity New program that show cases her master pieces, her contemporaries, and new works inspired by her legacy Continues performing Appalachian Spring, Lamentation, Cave of the Heart, Deaths and Entrances, and Chronicle, and more.
  39. 39. Contraction technique
  40. 40. Choreographed by Martha Graham. Anonymous music (Breton Tetus). Costumes and lighting by Martha Graham. First performed at Booth Theatre, New York, NY, April 14, 1929, by Martha Graham and new concert group
  41. 41. Choreographed by Martha Graham. Music by Louis Horst. Costumes and lighting by Martha Graham. Scenery by Isamu Noguchi. First performed at the Guild Theatre, New York, NY, April 28, 1935, by Martha Graham
  42. 42.  Spanish Dance – 1925  Transitions – 1934 Novelette – 1926  Praeludium – 1935 Peasant Sketches – 2927  Horizons – 1936 Chinese Poem – 1928  Opening Dance – 1937 Dance – 1929  American Document – Two Chants – 1930 1938 Rhapsodics – 1931  Every Soul is a Circus – Ecstatic Dance – 1932 1939 Tragic patterns - 1933  El Penitente – 1940 and more…
  43. 43.  Covered 6 major dancers who have greatly contributed to the modern dance movement of the 20th century. Modern dance pushed the boundaries of dance, mainly classic ballet, and in turn replaced it with new techniques that raised controversy in the US. The artists influenced many choreographers and dancers Some are founders of their own dance companies and schools (EX: Martha Graham and Ted Shawn) Many of these artists have choreographed and performed famous works that are still re-enacted today