Air pollution photo essay

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Air pollution photo essay

  1. 1. ]<br />Despite significant progress, the State of the Air 2010 report, found that nearly 58<br />percent of Americans continue to inhale dangerously polluted air. <br />
  2. 2. Sardinero Beach saturated with people in Santander, Spain<br />According to Opednews.com, over-population exponentially increases air pollution.<br />The United States (U.S.) is expected to add at least 100 million more people by 2040. <br />
  3. 3. In the U.S., transportation is the largest single source of air pollution. It caused over half<br />of the carbon monoxide, over a third of the nitrogen oxides, and almost a quarter of the<br />hydrocarbons emitted in 2006, according to the Environmental Protection Agency’s<br />National Emissions Inventory Trends Report. <br />
  4. 4. According to the American Lung Association (ALA), pollution from heavy highway traffic <br />contributes to a higher risk of heart attack, allergies, premature births, and<br />deaths of infants around the time they are born. Women are at a higher risk than men, and <br />long term exposure to particle pollution increases women’s risk of lower lung function, <br />developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and dying prematurely. <br />
  5. 5. Trucks are a major source of smog, toxic chemical pollution, and fine particle diesel soot, <br />which causes respiratory problems, cancer, and up to 50,000 premature deaths a year. <br />According to Clean Air Trust, trucks could use 90% cleaner fuel with less sulfur. <br />
  6. 6. According to the ALA, long-term particle pollution is linked to increased hospitalization<br />for asthma attacks for children living near roads with heavy traffic. <br />
  7. 7. Open-fire in Breckenridge, Colorado<br />Burning wood produces the raw materials for particle pollution, according to the ALA. <br />
  8. 8. According to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection,<br />toxic pollutants in the air and deposited on soils or surface waters harm wildlife in <br />numerous ways. Studies show that air pollution is contributing to birth defects, <br />reproductive failure, and disease in animals. <br />
  9. 9. Birds are more susceptible to ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide because <br />of their high respiratory rates and die from inhaling pollution and consuming <br />polluted sources, according to the article, “Impacts of Air Pollution & Acid Rain <br />on Wildlife.”<br />
  10. 10. Air pollutants harm trees by damaging their foliage and impairing the process of <br />photosynthesis. Preserving the nation’s forests is very important to counteract air pollution,<br />especially in urban areas, as trees are the principal absorber of carbon dioxide, according to<br /> the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Forest Service. <br />
  11. 11. Ever since the 1970s, pollution hanging over downtown Denver, famously known as <br />“the Brown Cloud,” can often be clearly seen, especially on cold winter days.  The hazy skies<br />above the city are due to Denver’s location at the foot of the Rocky Mountains, which<br />causes temperature inversions where warm air, which is less dense, rises and traps the cooler<br />air near the ground, trapping pollutants below the atmosphere.<br />
  12. 12. According to inventory data produced by the Colorado Department of Public Health, from<br />2004 and 2005, oil and gas production facilities were accountable for more than 50% of<br />all the volatile organic compounds released from stationary sources in Colorado, at times<br />causing dangerous levels of ozone in the air. <br />
  13. 13. According to the Colorado Air Quality Control Commission, the Denver Metro- North<br /> Front Range region has exceeded ozone standards since the early 2000s and was designated <br />a federal nonattainment area for ozone in 2007. A major source of pollution in this area is <br />the Rocky Mountain Arsenal. <br />
  14. 14. The Rocky Mountain Arsenal was used as a chemical weapons manufacturing center<br />during World War II, and dangerous levels of air pollution resulted from the routine<br />demolition of obsolete munitions. <br />
  15. 15. The arsenal was placed on the National Priorities List of Superfund sites in 1987,<br />and has since become one of the largest environmental cleanup programs<br />In the nation.<br />
  16. 16. The cleanup program is expected to end in 2011, and the Rocky Mountain Arsenal<br />is becoming one of the largest urban national wildlife refuges. <br />
  17. 17. To aid legislation in the 1977 Clean Air Act to prevent and aid existing visibility<br /> impairment to Class I areas, the IMPROVE program was initiated in 1985. <br />Arches National Park in Utah is a Class I area because it is greater than 6,000 acres. <br />
  18. 18. This program implemented an extensive long term monitoring program to track changes<br />in visibility and determine causal mechanisms for the visibility impairment in the <br />National Parks and Wilderness Areas. <br />
  19. 19. In 2006, the Colorado Air Quality Control Commission approved restrictions on the oil<br />and gas industry to curb emissions and in 2010 approved a plan to replace power plants<br />with commercial boilers to reduce “regional haze” in a unanimous vote.The plan is<br />expected to reduce sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions by more than 70,000 tons<br />by 2018. <br />
  20. 20. According to the American Public Transportation Association (APTA), public transportation<br />in the U.S. saves approximately 1.4 billion gallons of gasoline and about 1.5<br />million tons of carbon dioxide annually. Yet, 88 percent of all trips in the U.S. are made by<br />car.<br />
  21. 21. According to Treehugger.com, if just one in 10 Americans used public transportation daily,<br />U.S. dependence on foreign oil would decrease by 40 percent. <br />
  22. 22. Hybrid cars, like the 2011 Toyota Prius, emit far lower levels of air pollutants than <br />conventional cars because of increased gas mileage. Emissions can be reduced up <br />to 90 percent, when comparing hybrid cars to traditional gas-powered vehicles, <br />according to CarbonMonoxidePoisoning.Com. <br />
  23. 23. Solar power is a great alternative and renewable energy source, and can be used to charge<br />Electric Vehicles (EVs). According to EnergyIndependence, the technology to harness the power<br />of the sun is available now and could provide all of the energy that Americans consume. <br />

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