Living and breathing the web


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Session for MSc Media Psychology students @salforduni. What does it mean to live and breath the web and how is technology impacting upon the self? Most importantly is the emphasis on our need for networks and how other people contribute to who we are and what we can achieve.

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  • On the other hand no…When before has the self been so out there, outside of the body (internal) and out into space (external)? Also, at the same time, identity has been argued as much more fluid and ever changing, a dynamic proces. Identity as dialogical and multivoiced (Hermans, 2004)However, not necessarily new, as evidence of dialogical selves found in more traditional societies too (pre industrial, modernised, technologised). Some social theorists such as Anthony Giddens (1991) proposed that we have greater agency (control/choice) over how to construct our selves in modern times…next slide.
  • Living and breathing the web

    1. 1. Living and Breathing the Web Flickr: The Daring LibrarianJenna Condie@SalfordUni#mediapsych
    2. 2. #mediapsych Session Overview 1. History of the internet: Why did we build it? 2. Identities and communities: What does it mean to live and breath online? 3. A postmodern world: Are digital platforms transforming the self? 4. Dilemmas: What are the contemporary, professional and ethical issues for us? 5. Creation and contribution: Should we be producing digital content about our discussions today? 6. The future: Where are we going?
    3. 3. #mediapsych 1. History of the internet Link: Why did we build it?
    4. 4. #mediapsych Our Need for Networks A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (FCIT, 2011). Flickr: sjcockell Networks – links between two or more people have always existed through the entirety of human history (Crosier et al., 2012) Electronic and digital technology = social network explosion (Crosier et al., 2012)
    5. 5. #mediapsych Information & Communication• Social Networking Sites (SNS)• Social Media (SM)• Diff between SNS & SM?• Information age• Digital age South Park episode - no internet*• Architecture of sites influence our behaviour Papacharissi (2009) - comparison of three sites *thank you @kvlpsych
    6. 6. #mediapsych Flickr: Adam Crowe We shape our tools and thereafter our tools shape us Marshall McLuhan
    7. 7. #mediapsych Right here, right now*… *thank you @CathyUre
    8. 8. #mediapsych Rapid, constant, quickening change Flickr: Alexkess Q: What knowledge about social media and internet use is worth teaching today?
    9. 9. #mediapsych 2. Identities and Communities Identity - our essential continuous self, the internal conception of oneself as an individual (Reber 1995). Community - a group of people linked by social ties, common perspectives, engaged in joint action in geographical locations/settings (MacQueen et al., 2001)
    10. 10. #mediapsych Reconceptualising identities and communities “As is classically said, the internet is not any sort of place at all, in the usual geographical sense of the term.” (Goodings et al., 2007, p. 465) Is Facebook a place? Identity as “a project of the self” (Benwell & Stokoe, 2006, p. 18) Giddens (1991) Reflexive modernisation thesis Identity as embedded in the social context (Burr, 2003) Identity as relational (Mason, 2004) Identity as collective (Seaton, 2008)
    11. 11. #mediapsych 3. A Postmodern World Q: Are digital platforms transforming the self? “The rise of the network society and the growing power of identity are the intertwined social processes that jointly define globalization, geopolitics, and social Flickr: woodleywonderworks transformation in the early twenty-first century.” (Castells, 2010, p. xvii)
    12. 12. #mediapsych Identities as… Dialogical Fluid Constructing ourselves out there in space Multivoiced Agency 12
    13. 13. #mediapsych Dialogical Self, Collective voices • Bakhtin (1986) an individual speaker’s utterance is influenced by the culture of groups and communities in which they participate (in Hermans, 2004). • Technology speeding this up (Hermans, 2004) – More than ever before, the self is composed of a high density of positions – The positions of the self are relatively heterogeneous – The self is subjected to larger “position leaps” • Gergen (2000) The Saturated Self • Link to globalisation and impact upon self (Hermans & Dimaggio, 2007)
    14. 14. #mediapsych Technology & Dialogue • Technology has implications for the process of dialogue (Hermans, 2004). – In a situation of “mediated dialogue” – Exposed to a broadening range of meanings, values, ideas, and cultures through vast range of media – Transforming the content and scope of our self- dialogue. Flickr: AhmadHammoud More complex world, more complex networks, more complex self.Flickr: allthecolor
    15. 15. #mediapsych Not virtual but mediated communities Goodings et al., (2007) – definition of mediated communities: • A dialectic of place and collective; • The mobilisation of symbolic resources; • The maintenance of a collective history and • The underwriting of personal identity in place identity (Dixon & Durrheim, 2000). Who we are is where we are whether on or offline.
    16. 16. #mediapsych 4. The Dilemmas Q: What are the contemporary, professional and ethical issues for us? Flickr: broodkast
    17. 17. #mediapsych BPS Guidance on Social Media Ethics E-professionalism for clinical psychologists - “The recent explosion of social media presents both new opportunities and challenges” (BPS, 2012a, p. 2) Supplementary guidance on the use of social media (BPS, 2012b) – SNS public and permanent, professional & personal life as separate as possible, act responsibly at all times, uphold reputation of the profession, protect your privacy & check settings, report misconduct.
    18. 18. #mediapsych Professional Learning Networks Mackey & Evans (2011) • Surge of interest in ‘community’ to support sociocultural approaches to learning • PLNs need to be organic, driving learning rather than an add-on • Communities of practice (Lave & Wenger, 1991) • Sine qua non for higher education (Garrison & Cleveland-Innes, 2005) • Nexus of multimembership (Wenger, 1998)Recorded webinar from @drdjwalker:
    19. 19. #mediapsych 5. Creation and Contribution Q: Should we be producing digital content about our discussions today? – If yes, how? If no, why not? Social innovation, enterprise, engagement, dialogue, influence, communication, sharing, knowledge, relationships, PLN, Flickr: Cea. feedback, presence The Tribes we Lead Seth Godin TED talk
    20. 20. #mediapsych New culture of learning (Thomas & Brown, 2011)* 20*thank you @cristinacost Flickr: Bruce Clay, Inc
    21. 21. Digital Storytelling & Agency (Hull & Katz, 2006) The Web as a Dialogical Learning Environment**Thank you @zoekav & @ash_chapman
    22. 22. #mediapsych 6. The Future? • Government perspective – Technology and Innovation Futures: UK Growth Opportunities for the 2020s (BIS Report, 2010) • Social and cultural perspectives: – The Smartphone Psychology Manifesto (Miller, 2012) – Aleks Krotoski, academic & journalist, “Africa, smartphones, disruptive technologies, human-centred design” (Guardian Interview). – Genevieve Bell, Intel anthropologist, “New devices, new infrastructures, and new experiences for starters, but also more of the same it seems. We want to be social, we want to be engaged, we like a good story.” (Pocket-lint Interview)
    23. 23. #mediapsych* Living and breathing the web * Everyone I have thanked throughout these slides, I am connected to online (and offline). Without my professional learning network, this session would have been very different. On that note, thank *you* 
    24. 24. #mediapsych References Benwell, B., & Stokoe, E. H. (2006). Discourse and Identity. Edinburgh: University Press. Burr, V. (2003). Social constructionism. London: Routledge. BPS (2012a) e-Professionalism: Guidance on the use of social media by clinical psychologists, Available at: P2494.aspx BPS (2012b) Supplementary Guidance on the Use of Social Media, Available at: Genevieve Bell – Technology@Intel Castells, M. (2010) The power of identity: The information age: Economy, society, and culture, Oxford: Wiley- Blackwell Crosier, et al., (2012) Wired to connect: Evolutionary Psychology and Social Networks, Review of General Psychology, 16(2), p. 230-239. FCIT (2011) Chapter 1: What is a Network? Available here Garrison, D. R., & Cleveland-Innes, M. (2005). Facilitating cognitive presence in online learning: Interaction is not enough. American Journal of Distance Education, 19(3), 133–148. Gergen, K. (2000). The Saturated Self. New York: Basic Books. Goodings, L., et al., (2007) Social Networking Technology: Place and Identity in Mediated Communities, J. Community Appl. Soc. Psychol., 17, p. 463–476 Hermans, H. (2004). Introduction: The dialogical self in a global and digital age. Identity. An International Journal of Theory and Research, 4:4, 297-320 Hermans, H., & Dimaggio, G. (2007) Self, Identity, and Globalization in Times of Uncertainty: A Dialogical Analysis, Review of General Psychology, 11(1), p. 31–61
    25. 25. #mediapsych References Hull, G., & Katz, M-L (2006) Crafting an Agentive Self: Case Studies on Digital Storytelling, Research in the Teaching of English, 41(1), p. 43-81 Aleks Krotoski – Untangling the Web (Guardian) Digital Human (BBC) Lave, J. & Wenger, E. (1991) Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Mackey, J., & Evans, T. (2011). Interconnecting networks of practice for professional learning.International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(3), 1–17. MacQueen, K., et al., (2001) What Is Community? An Evidence-Based Definition for Participatory Public Health, ) Am J Public Health, 91(12), p. 1929–1938. Mason, Jennifer. (2004). Personal narratives, relational selves: residential histories in the living and telling. The Sociological Review, 52(2), 162–179. Miller, (2012) The Smartphone Psychology Manifesto, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(3), p. 221–237 Papacharissi , Z.(2009) The virtual geographies of social networks: a comparative analysis of Facebook, LinkedIn and ASmallWorld, New Media Society, 11, p. 199 - 220 Reber, A. (1995) The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology, Harmondsworth: Penguin Seaton, E. E. (2009). Common Knowledge: Reflections on Narratives in Community. Qualitative Research, 8, 293–305. Thomas, D., & Brown, J. (2011) A new culture of learning: Cultivating the Imagination for a world of constant change Wenger, E. (1998) Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning and Identity, Cambridge: CUP
    26. 26. Living and Breathing the Web Flickr: The Daring LibrarianJenna Condie@SalfordUni#mediapsych