IDPSP Methods Info Treasure Hunt Well doneYou’ve followed the clues successfully and found the methods “treasure”. The information you were looking for is below. JennaResearch designs and methods in developmental psychologyCarrying out research with children can make some of the more ‘traditional’ methodsin psychology difficult to use. This is particularly relevant for research with veryyoung children. As such, developmental psychologists often use a range of differentresearch designs and methods to investigate development (see table 1 & 2 below).To find examples of research that employs these designs and methods, start withChapter 1: The scope and methods of developmental psychology (Slater andBremner 2011 – core text).Table 1: Research designs for studying age-related changes in developmentResearch Design Description Examples? Involve participants ofCross-sectional different ages being studied at a single point in time Involve the same participantsLongitudinal being studied over time at different points in their development. Involve a combination ofSequential longitudinal and cross-(or age/cohort) sectional designs to explore differences in the development of individuals from different age cohorts. Involve the same participantsMicro-genetic being repeatedly studied over relatively short period of time. A method that enables change to be mapped as it occurs.There are other designs.Have you come across anyother research designsused to study childdevelopment?
Table 2: Developmental Psychology Research MethodsResearch Method Description ExampleObservational methods Behaviour is observed and recorded. Observations can - Experimental be in laboratory - Naturalistic (experimental) or natural (naturalistic) settings.Biographical Diaries often kept by primary caregiver documenting child development. These are sometimes referred to as an observational method.Experimental Used to establish cause and effect in child development. Use of control groups.Psychological testing Standardised tests to measure psychological functioning.Correlational Looks at the relationship - Concurrent between two variables. - Predictive Concurrent – interested in the relationship between two variables at the same time. Predictive – can one variable predict another variableNeurodevelopmental Used for understanding Brain-behaviour links. Brain development studies often make use of technology such as fMRI and PETThere are other methods.Have you come across anyother research methodsapplied to study childdevelopment?