Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Emotions and mood an environmental psychology perspective

10,455 views

Published on

Lecture for Level 5 Individual Differences

Published in: Education
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Emotions and mood an environmental psychology perspective

  1. 1. Emotions and Mood: An EnvironmentalPsychology PerspectiveJenna Condie | University of Salford | @jennacondieImage Creative Commons : Thoth, God of Knowledge1#salfordpsych
  2. 2. Do you know what the University ofSalford’s research themes are?They are…1. Energy2. Media, Digital Technology and the CreativeEconomy3. Built Environment4. Health and Wellbeing5. Memory, Text and Place2#salfordpsych
  3. 3. 3Health andWell beingMedia, DigitalTech & theCreativeEconomyBuiltEnvironmentEnergyMemory, Textand Place#salfordpsych
  4. 4. Lecture AimTo think critically about emotions and moodfrom an environmental psychologicalperspectiveToday we are goingto disagree withAlbert Einstein!4thatisntme.The environmentis everythingImage Creative Commons : dnwallace #salfordpsych
  5. 5. Lecture overview:Problematise the ‘mainstream’ lit first:• Debunk concepts of emotion & mood• Theories of emotion• Personality and affect• The relationship between affect and environmentsEmotions and mood from an #enviropsych perspectivesecond:• Stress and the city• Restorative effects of natural environments• Place attachment and identity5#salfordpsych
  6. 6. Basic Emotions Complex emotionsHappiness, interest,surprise, disgust,sadness, distress, anger,fear…Pride, shyness, jealousy,guilt, shame,embarrassment, self-consciousness…Basic Moods Complex moodsHappiness, interest,surprise, disgust,sadness, distress, anger,fear…Pride, shyness, jealousy,guilt, shame,embarrassment, self-consciousness…6From Slater and Bremner (2011)#salfordpsych
  7. 7. The difference between emotion and mood?Beedie et al., (2005)• Interviewed 106 participants• Identified 16 themes e.g.cause, duration, control, experience, consequences, intentionality• Revealed 60% agreement between academics(journal papers) and non-academics (interviews) 7“The terms emotion and moodrepresent a conundrum forpsychologists” (p. 847)
  8. 8. 8Source: Beedie et al., (2005), p. 864#salfordpsych
  9. 9. The Importance of Language“Because we are able to say that emotion and moodare different does not mean that they are…Emotion and mood may be different words for thesame construct or different words for differentconstructs. Either way, it is incumbent onpsychologists to attempt to clarify the exact nature ofemotion and mood” (Beedie et al., 2005, p. 848)9#salfordpsych
  10. 10. 10Essentialism“Because we are able to say that emotion and moodare different does not mean that they are…Emotion and mood may be different words for thesame construct or different words for differentconstructs. Either way, it is incumbent onpsychologists to attempt to clarify the exact nature ofemotion and mood” (Beedie et al., 2005, p. 848)#salfordpsychRealism – reality is ‘out there’ waiting to be discovered
  11. 11. 11Emotion and mood as socially constructed“Because we are able to say that emotion and moodare different does not mean that they are…Emotion and mood may be different words for thesame construct or different words for differentconstructs. Either way, it is incumbent onpsychologists to attempt to clarify the exact nature ofemotion and mood” (Beedie et al., 2005, p. 848)#salfordpsych
  12. 12. Russell (2003, p. 145)12“In the psychology of human beings, withpassions as well as reasons, with feelingsas well as thoughts, it is the emotionalside that remains the more mysterious.Psychology and humanity can progresswithout considering emotion —about asfast as someone running on one leg”#salfordpsych
  13. 13. Basic Emotions Theory (Tomkins, 1962)Eight basic fundamental and universal affects:1. Interest-Excitement2. Enjoyment-Joy3. Surprise-Startle4. Distress-Anguish5. Disgust-Revulsion-Contempt6. Anger-Rage7. Shame-Humiliation8. Fear-Terrorstuartpilbrow13
  14. 14. Differential Emotions Theory(Izard, 1993)• Built on Tomkin’s work• 12 basic emotions:– Interest, Enjoyment, Surprise, Sadness, Anger,Disgust, Contempt, Fear, Guilt, Shame, Shyness,Hostility inward• Universal & innate• Evolved due to theiradaptive value14#salfordpsych
  15. 15. Psychology has preferred affects and statesAffects• Beedie et al., (2005) argue that psychologistshave used the term affect to get roundemotion/mood issue.States• Changing all the time in relation to what weexperience (life events) (Cooper, 2005, Ch 12).• Unlike personality traits which are thought to be___________?NB: Terms used interchangeably15#salfordpsych
  16. 16. A day in the life of a personPersonality TraitsEmotional StateWake up At Work Break Time Phone Call Bus Home TV Bed16
  17. 17. Personality and AffectImage: Creative Commons Licence andrewrennie• Personality and affect interwoven• Traits are emotional (Kowalski & Westen, 2004)• Most personality theories pay tribute to affect• E.g. Trait theories and affect (aka temperament)– Neuroticism (affects of anxiety, hostility, depression)– Extroversion (affects of warmth, positive emotions)• Overemphasis on depression and anxiety (Pervin,2003)• Neglect of everyday moods from personalityresearch (e.g. shame, love, guilt, content).17
  18. 18. The problem with personality theories• Essentialist– Thinking of ourselves as having a particular natureor ‘essence’– This nature determines what we can do, how wecan feel.• See emotion as internal, privateexperience, predetermined bypersonality/who you are.• What about emotion as based in thephysical/external world?Adapted from Burr (2003, p. 30)18
  19. 19. Emotional Regulation19Need to understand people as inphysical environmentsNot just an “inner homeostaticmechanism” but an “interactionwith the social and physicalenvironment”(Korpela, 2003, p. 331).Defined as the activity ofcoping with moods andemotional situationsImage Creative Commons: DavidSpinks
  20. 20. Environments as mood-regulatorsPeople as sensitive to particular locations;entering or moving through a place caninduce changes in mood(Kerr & Tacon, 1999; Staats et al., 1997).People seek out particularplaces to regulate mood(Korpela, 2003).20Image Creative Commons : Nomad Within (Pete DeMarco)#salfordpsych
  21. 21. Stress and the city21• Simmel (1950) describedurban residents as morereserved, indifferent andlatently hostile than rural residents.• Environmental stressors e.g.crowding, noise, air pollution• Noise as most researched environmentalstressor (Bell et al., 1996)#salfordpsych
  22. 22. Noise annoyance as an emotionMiedema (2007) argued that twoemotions, anger and fear, influence noiseannoyance 22“Noise annoyance is a psychological concept whichdescribes a relation between an acoustic situation anda person who is forced by noise to do things he/shedoes not want to do, who cognitively and emotionallyevaluates this situation and feels partly helpless”Guski et al., (1999, p. 525).#salfordpsych
  23. 23. Natural vs built environments23• People prefer natural over built environments (vanden Berg, 2007).• Pro-rural and anti-urban ideologies have existedsince the 1800s (van den Berg, 2007).• Hartig et al., (2003)• Positive affect increased and anger decreased inparticipants walking in a nature reserve.• Opposite emerged for urban environment.• Concluded preventive benefits if urban populations haveeasy pedestrian and visual access to natural settings.• Natural settings for emotional well-being.#salfordpsych
  24. 24. Restorative EnvironmentsUlrich et al., (1991) – natural as restorative• 120 subjects viewed a stressful movie, andthen were exposed to videos of natural andurban settings.• Natural environments resulted in a shifttowards positive emotional state.• Support for Ulrich’s psych-evolutionary theory(1983) – that we evolved in naturalenvironments & are therefore designed fornatural rather than urban settings?24infomatique #salfordpsych
  25. 25. Creating places that make us feel goodHM Government (2011) The Natural Choice White Paper“Evidence suggests that a healthy natural environment isa cost-effective tool that can help local authorities to:• support economic and social regeneration,• improve public health,• improve educational outcomes,• reduce crime and antisocial behaviour,• help communities adapt to climate change; and• improve quality of life across an entire area.”25http://archive.defra.gov.uk/environment/natural/documents/newp-summary-la-110607.pdf #salfordpsych
  26. 26. Once upon a time, I lived there26#salfordpsych
  27. 27. The relationship betweenaffect and environments“We know from our everyday experiencesthat we, across time, evolve bonds towardcertain places, e.g. where we were bornand brought up, where we live and work”(Knez, 2005, p. 207).Physical environments as ‘place’Flickr: cc Pimlico Badger27#salfordpsych
  28. 28. Place attachmentDefinition: the emotional bonds between a personand their environments (Altman & Low, 1992)• Guiliani (2003) we should recognise that affectivebonds or attachments to place have a central rolein qualifying our existence, whether that ispositive or negative.Image Creative Commons Licence Tim . Simpson28#salfordpsych
  29. 29. Happiness: a basic emotionHappy at Home Index (Rightmove, 2012)29#salfordpsych
  30. 30. North-South Divide30#salfordpsych
  31. 31. My PhD research• How environmental conditions are negotiatedwithin constructions of ‘place’ and ‘identity’• People locate themselves in ‘place’ with anemotional connectiona house that ‘felt right’‘fell in love with it’‘love it here’31To counter the voices of‘others’ who considerliving alongsiderailways as ‘disruptive’#salfordpsych
  32. 32. William James asked “what is emotion?” in1884. We still do not know.Therefore, in your writing:Mood ‘is’….Emotions ‘are’…..Mood has been related to emotion by*insert author here+ who argued that…Emotions have been considered as…32
  33. 33. Seminar: Sensory walking methodsDo you know the range of environments that arefive minutes walk away?Have you heard of the Meadows? 33Artist’s impression of new studentaccommodation at Peel Park#salfordpsych
  34. 34. References (1 of 4)Altman, I., & Low, s. (1992) Place Attachment, New York: PlenumBeedie, C., Terry, P., & Lane, A. (2005) Distinctions between emotion andmood, Cognition & Emotion, 19, p. 847-878 [available with Athens password]Bell, P., et al., (1996) Environmental psychology. Orlando: Harcourt CollegePublishers.Burr, V. (2003) Social Constructionism, London: RoutledgeCooper, C. (2010) Individual Differences and Personality, ThirdEdition, London: Hodder EducationGuiliani, M. (2003) Theory of Attachment and Place Attachment. In M.Bonnes & T Bonaiuto (Ed.) Psychological Theories for EnvironmentalIssues, Hants: Ashgate PublishingGuski, R., Felscher-suhr, U., & Schumer, R. (1999) The concept of noiseannoyance : how international experts see it, Journal of Sound andVibration, 223, 513-527Hartig T., et al., (2003) Tracking restoration in natural and urban fieldsettings, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, p. 109–123 34
  35. 35. HM Government (2011) The Natural Choice - White Paper, Available at:http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/natural/whitepaper/ (date accessed:25/04/2012)Izard, C., (1993) Four Systems Theory of Emotion Activation: Cognitive andnon-cognitive processes, Psychological Review, 100, p. 68-90Kerr, J., & Tacon, P. (1999) Psychological responses to different types oflocations and activities Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, p. 287–294Knez, I. (2005). Attachment and identity as related to a place and its perceivedclimate. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, 207–218.Korpela, K. (2003). Negative mood and adult place preference, Environmentand Behavior, 35, p. 331–346.Miedema, H. M. E. (2007). Annoyance caused by environmental noise:elements for evidence-based noise policies, Journal of Social Issues, 63(1), p.41–57.Pervin, L.A. (2003) The Science of Personality, Second Edition, Oxford: OxfordUniversity Press35References (2 of 4)
  36. 36. References (3 of 4)Rightmove (2012) Happy at Home Index, Available online at:http://www.rightmove.co.uk/news/files/2012/02/Rightmove-Happy-At-Home-Index.pdf (date accessed 23/04/2012)Russell, J. (2003) Core Affect and the Psychological Construction ofEmotion, Psychological Review, 110(1), p. 145–172Russell, J. A., & Snodgrass, J. (1987) Emotion and the environment. In D.Stokols & I. Altman (Eds.) Handbook of environmental psychology, New York:WileySimmel, G. (1950). The metropolis and mental life. In K. H. Wolff (Ed.), TheSociology of George Simmel. New York: Free Press.Staats, H., Gatersleben, B., & Hartig, T. (1997). Change in mood as a functionof environmental design: Arousal and pleasure on a simulated forest hike.Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17, p. 283-300.Tomkins, S. (1962) Commentary. The ideology of research strategy. In S.Merrick & J. Ross (Ed.) Measurement in Personality and Cognition, New York:Wiley36
  37. 37. References (4 of 4)Ulrich, R. (1983). Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment. InI. Altman & J. F. Wohlwill (Eds.) Human Behavior and Environment, New York:Plenum PressUlrich, R., Simons, R., Losito, B., Fiorito, E., Miles, M. & Zelson, M. (1991)Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments. Journalof Environmental Psychology, 11, 201-230.Van Den Berg, A. E., Hartig, T. & Staats, H. (2007) Preference for Nature inUrbanized Societies: Stress, Restoration, and the Pursuit of Sustainability. J ofSocial Issues, 63, 79-96.37
  38. 38. Emotions and Mood: An environmentalpsychology perspectiveJenna Condie University of Salford E: j.m.condie@salford.ac.uk T: @jennacondieImage Creative Commons : Thoth, God of Knowledge38

×