Maternal Health in the Developing World By Jen Breidinger S
OverviewS Maternal health in the United States versus that in developing countries – how does it compare?S Factors that create this differenceS Why do women die?S What has already done to reduce this?S Influence of economic development level, household wealth, and maternal education on child health.S Maternal education and child health associationsS Ethical dilemmasS How can we help?
Maternal Health in the Developed World Vs. the UnderdevelopedS United States: 1/2800 chance a women will die during childbirthS Underdeveloped counties: 1/16 change a women will die during childbirthS 95% of maternal deaths around the world take place in Africa or AsiaS Since 1990, maternal deaths worldwide have dropped by 47% Source: World Health Organization
Factors that Create this Difference:S PovertyS DistanceS Lack of information and maternal educationS Inadequate healthcare services: limited assistance of a skilled healthcare worker during pregnancy and deliveryS Limited access to emergency medical care
Why do Women Die? S Severe bleeding S Infections S High blood pressure S Unsafe abortions S Malaria and AIDS Source: World Health Organization
What has Already Been Done?S Millennium Development ProjectS Goal = reduce maternal mortality by 75% by 2015. S Delay in recognizing complications. S Delay in reaching medical services. S Delay in receiving good quality care. Source: World Health Organization
Influences on Child Health Outcomes:S Objective: define correlations between economic development levels, household wealth, and maternal education on child health outcomes.S Higher economic development levels and maternal education resulted in better health outcomes for both the mother and child. Source: Boyle, Racine and Georgiades
Maternal Education & Child HealthS Objective: look more closely at the relatedness of maternal education and child health.S Found a correlation between higher education levels: S Infant mortality S Height for age S Immunization status Source: Desai and Alva
Ethical DilemmasS Is it morally right how maternal health is treated in some countries?S Is it morally right for us to infringe our beliefs about maternal education and family planning on women of other cultures and countries in order to improve maternal health?
ReferencesS Boyle, Michael, et al. "The influence of economic development level, household wealth and maternal education on child health in the developing world." Science Direct 63.8 (2006): 2242-2254.S Desai, Sonalde and Soumya Alva. "Maternal education and child health: Is there a strong causal relationship?" Springer Link 35.1 (1998): 71-81.S World Health Organization. Maternal deaths disproportionately high in developing countries. January 2012. 4 November 2012 <www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2003/pr77/en/index.html>.S World Health Organization. Maternal mortality. 1 May 2012. 2012 4 November <www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/index.html>.S