STUART ALLEN (2007) „CITIZENJOURNALISM AND THE RISEOF “MASS SELF-COMMUNICATION”:REPORTING THE LONDONBOMBINGS‟ –GLOBAL MEDIA JOURNAL – AUSTRALIAN EDITION, 1(1) Week 7: Mobile Phone Cultures and the Reporting of Crises and Disasters By Jennifer Bailey
Citizen Journalism “Journalism which enables readers to become writers” – Bruns (Week 2) Enabling readers to become contributors?
London Bombings, 2005 Thursday morning 7th of July at 8.50am 3 bombs were detonated consecutively on London Underground trains About an hour later a fourth bomb was detonated on a London bus A co-ordinated suicide bomber terrorist attack 52 civilians killed – thousands injured
Castells (2007) states that thereconfiguring of „journalism‟ acrossnew digital platforms has lead to: Network Society Mass Self-Communication
Network Society “the diffusion of Internet, mobile communication, digital media, and tools of social software… have prompted the development of horizontal networks of interactive communication that connect local and global” – Castells 2007 Ordinary citizens are constantly linked in real time
Mass Self-Communication It reaches potentially a global audience through networks and Internet connection. It is multimodal, as the digitization of content and advanced social software... allows the reformatting of almost any content in almost any form, increasingly distributed via wireless networks. It is self-generated in content, self-directed in emission, and self-selected in reception by many that communicate with many.
7th July 2005 8.50am – Three bombs detonated on London Underground trains 9.26am – Story appears on online news site that trains lines are closed due to a potential power failure 11.10am – Announcement to public (via TV news station) that there has been a terrorist attack - Allen (2007)
Problems facing reporters The bombs were detonated underground. Soon after the event emergency crews cordoned off the train stations – no one could get through. Journalists and reporters could not get access film/shoot footage. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HI4ctfQ-aYg
Mobile Phones “As would quickly become apparent, a considerable number of the most newsworthy images of what was happening were not taken by professionals, but rather by these individuals who happened to be in the wrong place at the right time.” – Allen (2007, p.12) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuhBdHc8N qs
“Until then, „citizen journalism‟ was an idea. It was the future, some people said. After London, it had arrived” (The Age, July 11 2005) – Allen (2007)
References Bruns, Alex „From Reader to Writer: Citizen journalism as news produsage‟. In Hunsinger, Jeremy, Lisbeth Klastrup & Matthew Allen (Eds.) Internet Research Handbook. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 119- 134. Allan, Stuart (2007) „Citizen Journalism and the Rise of “Mass Self- Communication”: Reporting the London Bombings, Global Media Journal – Australian Edition, 1(1). Allan, S., Matheson, D. (2004) Online Journalism in the Information Age. Savoir, Travail & Société, 2(3), pp. 73-94. Castells (2000) „The Rise of The Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture‟ John Wiley & Sons Castells (2007) „Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective‟ Massachusetts Institute of Technology