Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Canada on the Eve of World War I

1,035 views

Published on

A review of Canada in the years leading up to World War One.

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Canada on the Eve of World War I

  1. 2. <ul><li>Wilfred Laurier and the Liberal Party had formed a government from 1869 – 1911. </li></ul><ul><li>The Liberals lost the </li></ul><ul><li>election of 1911 over </li></ul><ul><li>the issue of reciprocity </li></ul><ul><li>(free trade with the U.S.) </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Borden and the </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative Party won </li></ul><ul><li>the 1911 election. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Britain controlled: </li></ul><ul><li>- our Constitution, the British North American Act . (BNA Act) </li></ul><ul><li>- our foreign policy (relations with other countries such as trade treaties </li></ul><ul><li>and declaring war). </li></ul><ul><li>Governor-General was a British </li></ul><ul><li>aristocrat sent over from Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. Lord Stanley ) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Governing Canada was made difficult by the opposing views English-Canadians and French-Canadians usually had on important issues. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Overall, Canada was a rich nation, but there were important weaknesses in the economy: </li></ul><ul><li>Dependence on foreign investment (British investment dominated, but U.S. foreign investment was rapidly increasing.) </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Dependence on trade </li></ul><ul><li>( exports – good ships </li></ul><ul><li>to other countries for </li></ul><ul><li>sale). </li></ul><ul><li>Too many regions depended on one economic activity which caused economic limitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Industries: forestry, fishing, wheat, </li></ul><ul><li> one industry mining towns . </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Economic disparity (differences in economic prosperity was creating regionalism ) </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven distribution of income and wealth throughout the country was creating social problems and conflict </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Between 1896-1914, more than 3 million immigrants had come to Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost one-half were neither British nor American. They had mainly come from East Europe and Scandinavia. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Union Station c.1910
  9. 10. <ul><li>Non –whites suffered from racism. </li></ul>YWCA Boarding House, Toronto, c.1910 A Hindu cremation, B.C. c. 1912
  10. 11. <ul><li>In the cities, the income gap between the rich and the poor was very wide. </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Street Jarvis Street, </li></ul><ul><li>housing, c.1910 c.1910 </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>There was no income tax to spread the wealth more evenly and provide social services for everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>Social assistance was seen as the responsibility of relatives or charities. </li></ul><ul><li>The poor, which included most factory workers, lived in overcrowded tenements (slums), where a family often lived in one room. </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of hygiene resulted in the spread of disease and a high infant mortality rate. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Both sexes generally accepted that the role of a woman was to be a housewife and mother. </li></ul><ul><li>The man was the ‘King of his Castle’. </li></ul><ul><li>Women had the status of a child and were treated this way by men. </li></ul>Home Economics Class c.1910
  13. 14. <ul><li>A woman from a better off family could work as a teacher or secretary, until she got married. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor women could work in factories, as long as they did ‘women’s work’, such as sewing in a clothing factory. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Some women did struggle and won greater equality, such as the right to attend university and become doctors. </li></ul><ul><li>Other women organized to become social activists. The Women’s Christian Temperance Movement fought for </li></ul><ul><li>prohibiltion (to make </li></ul><ul><li>alcohol illegal because </li></ul><ul><li>of the family problems </li></ul><ul><li>it caused). </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Some of women became part of the Women’s Suffrage Movement to fight for a woman’s right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>They were unsuccessful at this time, but the struggle for female equality would become one of the dominant themes of our history. </li></ul>

×