Unit 1 vocab


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Unit 1 vocab

  1. 1. Criminal Justice system: <ul><li>The aggregate of all operating & administrative or technical support agencies that perform criminal justice functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Three divisions: Law enforcement, courts and corrections </li></ul>
  2. 2. Justice: <ul><li>The principle of fairness; the ideal of moral equity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Forcible Rape: <ul><li>(UCR) The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. “Unlawful sexual intercourse with a female, by force and against her will, or without legal or factual consent.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statutory Rape: <ul><li>Sexual intercourse with a person who is under the legal age of consent. </li></ul><ul><li>*Laws vary per state. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Part I Offenses <ul><li>A set of UCR categories used to report murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft and arson. </li></ul><ul><li>Part II Offenses </li></ul><ul><li>A set of UCR categories used to report less serious offenses. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tort <ul><li>A wrongful act, damage, or injury not involving a breach of contract. Also, a private or civil wrong or injury. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Robbery <ul><li>The unlawful taking or attempted taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another by force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear. </li></ul><ul><li>(Always a personal encounter) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Simple Assault <ul><li>The unlawful threatening, attempted inflicting or inflicting of less-then-serious injury upon another person. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Aggravated Assault <ul><li>The unlawful, intentional inflicting, or attempted threatened inflicting or serious injury upon another person. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Burglary <ul><li>The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft (excludes tents, trailers, and other mobile units used for recreational purposes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Larceny-Theft <ul><li>The unlawful taking or attempted taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession of another. </li></ul><ul><li>*most popular crime </li></ul><ul><li>*vehicles are excluded </li></ul>
  12. 12. Arson <ul><li>The burning or attempted burning of property, with or without the intent to defraud </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stalking <ul><li>Repeated harassing and threatening behavior by one individual against another, aspects of which may be planned or carried out in secret. (Most laws require an immediate threat of violence.) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cyber stalking <ul><li>The use of internet, e-mail, and other electronic communication technologies to stalk another person. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hate Crime <ul><li>A criminal offense in which the motive is “hatred, bias, or prejudice, based on the actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation of another individual or group of individuals. </li></ul>
  16. 16. White Collar Crime <ul><li>Crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status within the course of their occupation . Non-violent crime for financial gain utilizing deception and committed by someone with special technical and professional knowledge of a business or government. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Embezzlement <ul><li>The misappropriation or illegal disposal of legally entrusted property by the person to whom it was entrusted, with the intent to defraud the legal owner or the intended beneficiary. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fraud <ul><li>An offense involving deceit or intentional misrepresentation of fact, with the intent of unlawfully depriving a person of his or her property or legal rights. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Forgery <ul><li>The creation of alteration of a written or printed document, which if validity excluded would constitute a record of legally binding transaction, with the intent to defraud by affirming it to be the act of an unknown second person. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Terrorism <ul><li>A violent act or an act dangerous to human life in violation of the criminal laws of the U.S. or of any state committed to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Dark figure of Crime <ul><li>Crime that is not reported to the police and that remains unknown to officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: fear, embarrassment, clerical errors </li></ul>