Introduction to metadata for
IDAH fellows
Jenn Riley
Metadata Librarian
Digital Library Program
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
2
Many definitions of metadata
• “Data about data”
• “Structured information about an information
re...
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
3
Some uses of metadata
• By information specialists
▫ Describing “non-traditional” materials
▫ Cata...
Good metadata…
• Meets a defined purpose
• Conforms to accepted standards and/or best
practices
• Doesn’t have to be creat...
Metadata formats
• Predefined sets of features likely to be necessary or
useful for a specific purpose
• Choosing a format...
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
6
Creating and storing metadata
• HTML <meta> tags
• Spreadsheets
• Databases
• XML
• Library catalo...
Some types of metadata
• Descriptive metadata
• Technical metadata
• Structural metadata
• Markup languages
3/13/2009
7
ID...
How metadata can be used
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
8
Descriptive metadata
• A description of a resource for display to users
• Provides the context they need to understand a
r...
Some possibilities relevant to IDAH
projects
• Date
▫ That a magic lantern slide or poem was created
▫ That a work was per...
Descriptive metadata for discovery
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
11
Descriptive metadata – an example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
12
Descriptive metadata – another example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
13
Technical metadata
• Allows systems to manage and process resources
in appropriate ways
• Essential for the preservation o...
Some possibilities relevant to IDAH
projects
• Data from devices
▫ VR display theater tracking system
▫ Data streams betwe...
Technical metadata example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
16
Structural metadata
• Describes relationships
▫ Points of interest within a resource
▫ Between parts and wholes
▫ Between ...
Some possibilities relevant to IDAH
projects
• Multiple views/movement for magic lantern slides
• Grouping and sequence of...
Structural metadata – an example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
19
Structural metadata – another example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
20
Markup languages
• Mix metadata with data (resource content)
• Insert flags into arepresentation of the content
of a resou...
Some possibilities relevant to IDAH
projects
• Markup of the structure of a poem for analysis
and navigation
• Documenting...
Markup languages – an example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
23
Markup languages – another example
3/13/2009IDAH Seminar
24
What next?
• What do you want to deliver as an end product to
students and researchers?
• What from your project is it imp...
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Introduction to Metadata for IDAH Fellows

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Riley, Jenn. "Introduction to Metadata for IDAH Fellows." Presentation to Indiana University Institute for Digital Arts & Humanities staff and faculty fellows, March 13, 2009.

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Introduction to Metadata for IDAH Fellows

  1. 1. Introduction to metadata for IDAH fellows Jenn Riley Metadata Librarian Digital Library Program
  2. 2. 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 2 Many definitions of metadata • “Data about data” • “Structured information about an information resource of any media type or format.” (Caplan) • “Structured information that describes, explains, locates, or otherwise makes it easier to retrieve, use, or manage an information resource.” (NISO) • …
  3. 3. 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 3 Some uses of metadata • By information specialists ▫ Describing “non-traditional” materials ▫ Cataloging Web sites ▫ Navigating within digital objects ▫ Managing digital objects over the long term • By novices ▫ Preparing Web sites for search engines ▫ Depositing materials into an institutional repository ▫ Managing citation lists ▫ iTunes ▫ Tagging – flickr, del.icio.us, etc. ▫ LibraryThing
  4. 4. Good metadata… • Meets a defined purpose • Conforms to accepted standards and/or best practices • Doesn’t have to be created by humans 3/13/2009 4 IDAH Seminar
  5. 5. Metadata formats • Predefined sets of features likely to be necessary or useful for a specific purpose • Choosing a format others also use improves interoperability • Can be: ▫ Official standards ▫ Backed by professional organization ▫ Backed by trusted institution ▫ Locally developed • In the library world, most referred to by acronyms: MARC, MODS, DC, METS, TEI, EAD… 3/13/2009 5 IDAH Seminar
  6. 6. 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 6 Creating and storing metadata • HTML <meta> tags • Spreadsheets • Databases • XML • Library catalogs • Digital library/content management systems
  7. 7. Some types of metadata • Descriptive metadata • Technical metadata • Structural metadata • Markup languages 3/13/2009 7 IDAH Seminar
  8. 8. How metadata can be used 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 8
  9. 9. Descriptive metadata • A description of a resource for display to users • Provides the context they need to understand a resource • For discovery ▫ Includes both search and browse ▫ In a controlled environment designed to match target users with interesting resources ▫ Pushed out to the network for others to make use of • Can be both objective and subjective • Usually human-generated 3/13/2009 9 IDAH Seminar
  10. 10. Some possibilities relevant to IDAH projects • Date ▫ That a magic lantern slide or poem was created ▫ That a work was performed • Topic depicted or alluded to in a magic lantern slide • Geographic place associated with a resource or resource creator (map-based interface?) • Language for textual resources (poems!) • Likely browse entry points such as type of magic lantern slide, form of poem, or genre of musical composition • Links to supplementary content ▫ Ephemera ▫ Poet interviews ▫ Original interpretive text and scholarly annotation • How will users find representations of your output on the Web? 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 10
  11. 11. Descriptive metadata for discovery 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 11
  12. 12. Descriptive metadata – an example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 12
  13. 13. Descriptive metadata – another example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 13
  14. 14. Technical metadata • Allows systems to manage and process resources in appropriate ways • Essential for the preservation of digital materials • Generally format-specific • Generally machine-generated • Not the digital resource itself, but essential information required to understand it 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 14
  15. 15. Some possibilities relevant to IDAH projects • Data from devices ▫ VR display theater tracking system ▫ Data streams between and from performing laptops (including pitch and amplitude data) ▫ Sensors tracking movement or other biological data from performers or participants • CAD data • What data is needed to understand your digital files into the future? 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 15
  16. 16. Technical metadata example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 16
  17. 17. Structural metadata • Describes relationships ▫ Points of interest within a resource ▫ Between parts and wholes ▫ Between different representations of the same content ▫ When resources should be presented in sequence ▫ When resources should be presented in parallel • Often machine generated 3/13/2009 17 IDAH Seminar
  18. 18. Some possibilities relevant to IDAH projects • Multiple views/movement for magic lantern slides • Grouping and sequence of magic lantern slides in sets • Synchronizing a magic lantern slide presentation with audio • Parallel navigation of a poetry reading with a textual transcription • Performance plan vs. audio recording vs. video recording • How will users move within and between resources that your project will provide? 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 18
  19. 19. Structural metadata – an example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 19
  20. 20. Structural metadata – another example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 20
  21. 21. Markup languages • Mix metadata with data (resource content) • Insert flags into arepresentation of the content of a resource, signaling what bits of content are or what they mean • Generally have a “header” with descriptive metadata too • Either human- or machine-generated 3/13/2009 21 IDAH Seminar
  22. 22. Some possibilities relevant to IDAH projects • Markup of the structure of a poem for analysis and navigation • Documenting and preserving musical notation approximating an innovative performance • Do the resources you provide need documentation of their internal structure and meaning? 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 22
  23. 23. Markup languages – an example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 23
  24. 24. Markup languages – another example 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 24
  25. 25. What next? • What do you want to deliver as an end product to students and researchers? • What from your project is it important to preserve into the future? • How could structured metadata support the goals of your IDAH fellowship project? • How can the metadata creation/use tools and metadata expertise in the DLP help you? Presentation slides: <http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/~jenlrile/presentations/ idah2009/metadata.ppt> 3/13/2009IDAH Seminar 25

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