The Reid-Schumer-Menendez Conceptual Proposal for Immigration reform


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Proposed Immigration law now being circulated in the Senate

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The Reid-Schumer-Menendez Conceptual Proposal for Immigration reform

  1. 1. THE HIGHLANDS TEA PARTY Sebring, Florida
  2. 2. QUESTIONS <ul><li>How many people have heard of the Reid/Schumer/Menendez Bill? </li></ul><ul><li>How many people know what is in this bill? </li></ul><ul><li>How many people know what the “Dream Act” is? </li></ul><ul><li>How many people know what their candidates view is on Immigration ? </li></ul><ul><li>How many people know what E-Verify is? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Reid-Schumer-Menendez Conceptual Proposal for Immigration Reform <ul><li>Democrats in the US Senate are circulating a 26-page plan outlining soon to be introduced comprehensive immigration reform legislation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Under the plan, same-sex couples would receive full immigration benefits, and backlogs for immigrants waiting to be reunited with family members would be eliminated in eight years </li></ul>
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION (Continued) <ul><li>A. Eliminate discrimination in the immigration laws by permitting permanent partners of United States citizens and lawful permanent residents to obtain lawful permanent resident status </li></ul><ul><li>B. One of the biggest hurdles in family immigration is the extremely long waiting lists. For example, a U.S. citizen applying for his brother in Mexico can expect to wait almost 14 years for him to even be interviewed for his green card. The spouses and children of permanent residents often have to endure separations of six years or more before they are reunited. </li></ul>
  6. 6. I. Achieving Control of the Borders <ul><li>The plan is different in many respects from earlier proposals. The most significant change involves the delaying of a legalization program until the following eight benchmarks are met: </li></ul>
  7. 7. BORDER SECURITY <ul><li>1. Increasing the number of Border Patrol officers. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Increasing the number of ICE agents combating smuggling. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Increasing the number of ICE worksite enforcement inspectors and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Increasing the number of ICE document fraud detection officers and improved detection capability. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Increasing the number of personnel to conduct inspections for drugs, contraband and illegal immigrants at ports of entry. </li></ul>
  8. 8. BORDER SECURITY (continued) <ul><li>6. Improving technology, infrastructure, and resources to assist the Border Patrol and ICE. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Increasing resources for prosecuting smuggling and unauthorized border crossers. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Increasing immigration court resources to expedite the removal of unlawfully present individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>The proposal also notes plans for additional ports-of-entry and the hiring of thousands of new CBP inspectors. </li></ul>
  9. 9. BORDER SECURITY (Continued) <ul><li>State and local governments will be barred from enacting their own immigration laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of Unlawfully Present Persons </li></ul><ul><li>The US-VISIT entry-exist system will be completed. </li></ul><ul><li>DHS will promptly pursue removal proceedings against people who overstay visas. </li></ul><ul><li>All criminals will be checked for legal status and deported if they are here illegally . </li></ul>
  10. 10. BORDER SECURITY (Continued) <ul><li>The Visa Waiver Program will be monitored and countries with too many people overstaying their visas will be removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sex offenders will be prohibited from petitioning to bring in foreign nationals to the US. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Laws will be amended to encourage individuals here illegally to depart voluntarily.” </li></ul><ul><li>New crimes for trafficking and misuse of passports. </li></ul>
  11. 11. BORDER SECURITY (Continued) <ul><li>New laws to sanction countries that delay or prevent repatriation of their citizens being removed from the US. </li></ul><ul><li>States will be reimbursed quickly for the costs of jailing and transporting immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Biometrics will be mandated for all foreign nationals. </li></ul><ul><li>DHS will establish uniform standards for detaining aliens and will charge detained aliens within three months or within 48 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Detainees shall not be transferred without making arrangements for their children. </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties and sanctions for immigration violators will be increased for people who evade border checkpoints, fail to obey border officials, engage in human smuggling, use vessels and aircraft to smuggle immigrants, sell firearms to illegal immigrants, money launder to fund illegal trafficking and willfully fail to comply with conditions placed upon them </li></ul>
  12. 12. Biometric Employment Verification <ul><li>Within 18 months, SSA will begin issuing tamper-resistant, machine-readable biometric social security cards. The cards will be used to verify work authorization and not as proof of citizenship or lawful immigration status. SSA will verify identity and work authorization of each person before issuing card. An administrative adjudication process can be invoked if an individual is unable to establish identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Employers will be required to use a new Biometric Enrollment, Locally-stored Information and Electronic Verification of Employment (BELIEVE) System as a means of verification. Employees will present the biometric SSA card to employers who will swipe the cards through a card reader. The BELIEVE system will replace the current I-9/E-Verify system within six years. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Biometric Employment Verification (Continued) <ul><li>Fines will be tripled for employers hiring someone not authorized for employment, hiring someone without verifying work authorization, continuing to employ someone the employer knows is not authorized to work or for violating the anti-discrimination rules. </li></ul><ul><li>The new system will be funded through a fee charged to non-citizens as part of the biometric social security card application process, EAD application fees, fees charged to businesses seeking to act as authorized employment eligibility screeners, fines charged for violating the new law and fees charged to US citizens for obtaining replacement Social Security Cards. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pathway to citizenship Phase 1 <ul><li>Eligibility: eligible applicants, including individuals on Temporary Protected Status and other statuses designated by the Secretary, will be registered, fingerprinted, screened, and considered for an interim “Lawful Prospective Immigrant” (LPI) status that allows them to work and to travel outside of the United States. In Phase 2, which will take place in eight years after current visa backlogs have cleared (often referred to as the “back of the line” provision), LPIs who have fulfilled all additional statutory requirements will be permitted to petition for adjustment to Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) status. </li></ul><ul><li>Application: Those applying will have to pay a fee, pay a civil penalty, and submit an application. After submission, the Schumer proposal says: </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pathway to Citizenship Phase 1 <ul><li>Persons who enter the U.S. illegally after the introduction of the bill will be ineligible to apply. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to the broader legalization program, the registration programs for the DREAM Act (for immigrant students) and AGJOBS (for certain agricultural workers) will be included in the Schumer proposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act </li></ul><ul><li>First introduced in 2001, the DREAM Act, would allow children who meet certain criteria—entering the country before age 16, living here continuously for at least five years, graduating from high school, and showing good moral character—to apply for a conditional legal status for six years. During this time, these young people could go to college or serve in the military. If they complete at least two years of a college education or military service, they would be eligible for permanent residency status. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Pathway to citizenship Phase 1 <ul><li>There are an estimated 1.8 million undocumented children living in the United States . The immigration status of these children derives from their parents. </li></ul><ul><li>If the parents are undocumented, there is no way for immigrant children to gain legal immigration status on their own. Although raised and educated here, undocumented children face tremendous barriers when they try to go on to college or into the workforce, and live in constant fear of deportation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Pathway to citizenship Phase 2 <ul><li>After eight years, individuals who have been granted LPI status will be permitted to apply for adjustment of status to lawful permanent residence (LPR), provided that they can demonstrate that they meet criteria related to: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) basic citizenship skills; </li></ul><ul><li>(2) English language skills; </li></ul><ul><li>(3) continuous residence in the U.S. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Pathway to citienship – Phase 2 <ul><li>(4) updated terrorism, criminal history, and other checks. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) payment of all federal income taxes, fees, and civil penalties. </li></ul><ul><li>(6) registration for Selective Service. </li></ul><ul><li>Lawful Prospective Immigrant” (LPI) Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Lower Skilled Workers <ul><li>H-2A agricultural workers – AgJobs bill provisions to be included. </li></ul><ul><li>H-2B – adds protections to eliminate fraud and abuse. Aggrieved workers will have a right to file a civil action against employers. </li></ul><ul><li>Employers of H-2Bs must notify DOL within 30 days of an H-2B employee’s termination and submit documentation showing the worker was paid the prevailing wage, transportation and other expenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Returning worker H-2B cap exemption will return except if unemployment is higher than 8%. </li></ul><ul><li>New H-2C for non-seasonal, non-agricultural workers entering the US. Like H-1B, valid for up to three years at a time with total of six years. H-2Cs can be put on track to green card. The visa will be dual intent. </li></ul><ul><li>H-2Cs can change employers after a year. </li></ul>
  20. 20. High Skilled Immigration <ul><li>Green cards will be available without a cap on numbers to foreign students with an advanced degree from a US institution of higher education in a field of science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) and who possess an offer of employment from a US employer in a field related to their degree. </li></ul><ul><li>STEM F-1s will now be dual intent visas. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fraud and abuse” protections will be added to the H-1B program. New H-1B requirements relating to wage determinations, Internet posting of employment positions, lengthening of US worker displacement protections and extending those requirements to all employers rather than just H-1B employers, prohibiting employers from limiting positions to H-1Bs and limiting the number of H-1B and L-1 employees that an employer of 50 or more workers in the US may hire. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chain Migration <ul><li>A migration process which depends on a small number of pioneers, who make the first moves to set up a new home in a new place. They send information back home, and this encourages further migration from the originating area. </li></ul><ul><li>Family reunification allows U.S. citizens and immigrants ( Lawful Permanent Resident or &quot; Green card &quot; holders) to petition for visas for their immediate relatives. Until the late 1950s, America's family reunification policies included only spouses and minor children of immigrants. However, since that time, family reunification policies of the United States have included the ability of immigrants to sponsor not only their minor children and spouses , but also their parents, siblings, and adult children. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Chain Migration (continued ) <ul><li>According to the theory of 'chain migration' as applied to immigrants to the United States, subsequent immigrant Lawful Permanent Resident parents and adult children can, in turn, sponsor their other children, parents, etc., thus representing a chain of immigrants following the first family member into the country. In practice, however, the wait times from when the petition is filed until the adult relative is able to enter the U.S. can be as long as 15–20 years (as of 2006). This is a result of backlogs in obtaining a visa number and visa number quotas that only allow 226,000 family-based visas to be issued annually. There are four family-based preference levels: [16] </li></ul><ul><li>On Feb. 4, 2009, Rep. Phil Gingrey (R-GA) introduced the Nuclear Family Priority Act (H.R. 878). The bill would eliminate the extended family visa categories (e.g., married sons and daughters of citizens, etc.), thus ending “chain migration” as recommended by the bi-partisan Barbara Jordan Commission in 1997.” [19] </li></ul>
  23. 23. Legalization Proposal <ul><li>Anyone in the U.S. without authorization on the day of enactment, as well as those with Temporary Protected Status, will be eligible to apply for legalization as long as they have not been convicted of a felony or three misdemeanors. Applicants will have to pay a fine, pay taxes, and undergo security and background checks. They will then get a temporary residence card designating them as Lawful Prospective Immigrants (LPI) allowing them to work and travel. </li></ul><ul><li>Over the next eight years , the LPIs will have to learn English, have a clean criminal record, learn about America’s history and government, and pay taxes, fees, and civil penalties. Then they will be able to apply to become Lawful Permanent Residents, the first step towards citizenship. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Miscellaneous Information from the “ Center for Immigration Studies” <ul><li>Nearly 200,000 companies use E-Verify, with about 1000 new employers signing up per week. </li></ul><ul><li>26,500 Federal Contractor and Sub-Contractors use E-Verify </li></ul><ul><li>In 4% of the cases the system flags improperly. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Mexicans are holding garage sales to get money to go home in Arizona, and the Priest are being asked to give blessing to many who are leaving. (AMANDA LEE MYERS Associated Press Writer 12:02 AM EDT, June 23, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal immigration also contributes to the dramatic population growth overwhelming communities across America — crowding school classrooms, consuming already limited affordable housing </li></ul>
  25. 25. Miscellaneous Information from the “Center for Immigration Studies” <ul><li>Households headed by illegal aliens imposed more than $26.3 billion in costs on the federal government in 2002 and paid only $16 billion in taxes, creating a net fiscal deficit of almost $10.4 billion, or $2,700 per illegal household. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the largest costs are Medicaid ($2.5 billion); treatment for the uninsured ($2.2 billion); food assistance programs such as food stamps, WIC, and free school lunches ($1.9 billion); the federal prison and court systems ($1.6 billion); and federal aid to schools ($1.4 billion). </li></ul><ul><li>With nearly two-thirds of illegal aliens lacking a high school degree, the primary reason they create a fiscal deficit is their low education levels and resulting low incomes and tax payments, not their legal status or heavy use of most social services. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Miscellaneous Information from the “Center for Immigration Studies” <ul><li>On average, the costs that illegal households impose on federal coffers are less than half that of other households, but their tax payments are only one-fourth that of other households. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the costs associated with illegals are due to their American-born children, who are awarded U.S. citizenship at birth. Thus, greater efforts at barring illegals from federal programs will not reduce costs because their citizen children can continue to access them. </li></ul><ul><li>If illegal aliens were given amnesty and began to pay taxes and use services like households headed by legal immigrants with the same education levels, the estimated annual net fiscal deficit would increase from $2,700 per household to nearly $7,700, for a total net cost of $29 billion . </li></ul>
  27. 27. Miscellaneous Information from the “Center for Immigration Studies” <ul><li>Costs increase dramatically because unskilled immigrants with legal status -- what most illegal aliens would become -- can access government programs, but still tend to make very modest tax payments. . </li></ul><ul><li>The fact that legal immigrants with few years of schooling are a large fiscal drain does not mean that legal immigrants overall are a net drain -- many legal immigrants are highly skilled. </li></ul><ul><li>T he vast majority of illegals hold jobs. Thus the fiscal deficit they create for the federal government is not the result of an unwillingness to work. . </li></ul>
  28. 28. Miscellaneous Information from the “Center for Immigration Studies” <ul><li>We estimate the current cost of treating uninsured illegal immigrants at all levels of government to be $4.3 billion a year, primarily at emergency rooms and free clinics. </li></ul><ul><li>Our best estimate is that the illegal population declined 13.7 percent (1.7 million) from a peak of 12.5 million in the summer of 2007 to 10.8 million in the first quarter of 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>There is also evidence that the number of illegal immigrants returning home has more than doubled in the last two years compared to earlier in this decade </li></ul>
  29. 29. Miscellaneous Information from the “Center for Immigration Studies” <ul><li>An amendment was defeated in committee (Health Care Bill) that would have required the use of the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (SAVE) program, used by almost all other means-tested programs of this kind. </li></ul><ul><li>We estimate that there were 6.6 million illegal immigrants without health insurance in 2007 who had incomes below 400 percent of the poverty level, which is the income ceiling for the proposed affordable premium credits. </li></ul><ul><li>if all uninsured illegal immigrants with incomes below 400 percent of poverty received the proposed credits, the estimated cost to the federal government would be $30.5 billion annually. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Miscellaneous Information <ul><li>An Illegal Alien can get up 80 a Month in food stamps for single person, and up to $200 or more per month for a family </li></ul><ul><li>States may provide other benefits, Dirver licenses, Worker Compensation, In Kansas for example, illegal Aliens can get tuition breaks at State Universities </li></ul><ul><li>I n Virginia, for example each student listed on the census card,, legal or illegal, means $2,300 for the childs school system. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Miscellaneous Information <ul><li>Contrary to most opinions, the illegal Alien worker pay’s sales tax, Federal Income, Social Security, taken right out of their pay checks (those take pay the right way and not under the table) and sent right to the federal Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Social security is about to go broke, thanks to the illegal aliens, there’s presently 345 billion in the Social Security fund, which is helping to keep it afloat. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Miscellaneous Information How hard life is in Mexico? <ul><li>Fifty-three percent of Mexico's population of 104 million residents live in poverty (defined as less the two dollars a day). </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty-four percent live in extreme poverty (defined a less that one dollar a day). </li></ul><ul><li>The unemployment rate in Mexico is approaching Forty percent and there is little health care. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Miscellaneous Information Politics and Immigration <ul><li>Politicians are aware of the changing demographics, and are not adequately enforcing laws that they perceive will not be popular with the Hispanics. </li></ul><ul><li>The immigration reform and Control act of 1986 (Regan) provided penalties against companies that ire undocumented workers. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999, under the Clinton Administration, the Governments collected a meager $3.69 million from 800 companies in fines. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004, Under George bush, the amount collected in fines from companies hiring undocuments workers was ZERO. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Miscellaneous Information Politics and Immigration <ul><li>In January 2005, a bill overhauling the U.S Intelligence Agency was passed into law. </li></ul><ul><li>This bill recognized that an 8,000 mile border patrolled by 9,500 border agents was badly inadequate. </li></ul><ul><li>The bill required the hiring of 10,00 more agents at a rate of 2000 per year. The Bush administration ignored the law and submitted a budget to hire 200. </li></ul><ul><li>Again, the career politicians fail to enforce the immigration laws in place and adequately patrol the southern border for fear of offending the Hispanic voters. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Miscellaneous Information Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) <ul><li>$11 Billion to $22 Billion is spent on welfare to illegal aliens each year by state governments. </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal households only pay about one-third the amount of federal taxes that non-illegal households pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal households create a net fiscal deficit at the federal level of more that $10 billion a year . If given amnesty, this number could grow to more than $29 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>$1.9 Billion a year is spent on food programs such as Food Stamps, WIC and Free school lunches for illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>$1.6 billion is spent on the federal prison and court system for Illegal aliens. (Federal Bureau of Prisons 2008) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Miscellaneous Information Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) <ul><li>$2.5 Billion dollars a year is spent on Medicaid for illegal aliens </li></ul><ul><li>About 21% of the population of U.S. prisions is classified as “noncitizen” from Mexico, Columbia, Cuba and the Dominician Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>New 2010 Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>83% of warrants for murder in Phoenix are for illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>86% of warrants for murder in Albuquerque are for illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>75% of those on the most wanted list in Los Angeles, Phoenix and Albuquerque are illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>24.9% of all inmates in California detention centers are Mexican nationals. </li></ul><ul><li>40.1% of all inmates in Arizona detention centers are Mexican nationals. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Miscellaneous Information Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) <ul><li>New 2010 Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>48.2% of all inmates in New Mexico detention centers are Mexican nationals. </li></ul><ul><li>29% (630,000) convicted illegal alien felons fill our state and federal prisons at a cost of $1.6 billion annually </li></ul><ul><li>53% of all investigated burglaries reported in California, New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and Texas are perpetrated by illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>50% of all gang members in Los Angeles are illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>71% plus of all apprehended cars stolen in 2005 in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and California were stole by illegal aliens or “Transport coyotes” </li></ul><ul><li>47% of cited/stopped drivers in California have no license, no insurance, no registration for the vehicle, of that 47%, 92% are illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>63% of sited/stopped drives in Arizona have no license, no insurance, no registration for the vehicle, of that 63%, 97% are illegal aliens. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Miscellaneous Information Center for Immigraton Studies (CIS) <ul><li>New 2010 Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>66% of sited/stopped drives in New Mexico have no license, no insurance, no registration for the vehicle, of that 66%, 98% are illegal aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>380,000 plus “anchor babies” were born in the U.S to illegal parents in just one year, making 380,000 babies automatically U.S Citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>97.2% of all cost incurred from those illegal births were paid for by American Taxpayers. </li></ul><ul><li>5,013,543 Anchor babies born in the U.S since 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>$287,817,750,096 dollars wired to Latin America since 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>$34,118,285,027 dollars wired to Mexico since 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>$171,046,852,162 Cost if illegal’s in K-12 since 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>5,104,398 Children of illegal in Public Schools. </li></ul>
  39. 39. President of Mexico Felipe Calderon Comments to U.S Senate <ul><li>It is a law that not only ignores a reality that cannot be erased by decree but also introduces a terrible idea using racial profiling as a basis for law enforcement,&quot; he said to cheers, mainly from the Democratic side of the chamber. </li></ul><ul><li>Calderon broke into Spanish briefly to address Mexicans now living in the United States, saying Mexicans admire and miss them and are working to protect their rights. (What Rights? They are here illegally !) </li></ul><ul><li>President Calderon once made the statement “ These people come here to work, not steal, they are law abiding citizens” </li></ul><ul><li>Is this what the statistics actually say? </li></ul>
  40. 40. T H E E N D <ul><li>Thank you for allowing me to present this very important information to you. </li></ul><ul><li>I hope you will this use this information to let your Representatives, Senators and Governor know how you feels about Illegal immigration and the proposed Reid/Schummer/Menendez Bill </li></ul>