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Reflective Practice The Aga Khan Academy Professional Development August 2008
Reflection
Reflection <ul><li>‘ The unexamined life isn’t worth living. ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates, 450 BC (approx.) </li></ul>
Reflection <ul><li>‘ The unexamined life isn’t worth living. ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates, 450 BC (approx.) </li></ul><ul>...
What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Think-Reflect-Pair-Share </li></ul>
What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you?  </li></ul><ul><l...
What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you?  </li></ul><ul><l...
What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you?  </li></ul><ul><l...
What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you?  </li></ul><ul><l...
How to we reflect?
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul>
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul>
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleag...
Why reflect?
Why reflect? <ul><li>Education is about learning – not only student learning, but also staff learning. </li></ul>
Why reflect? <ul><li>Education is about learning – not only student learning, but also staff learning. </li></ul><ul><li>L...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educat...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for ...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action G...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An ...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Improve Sch...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Learning Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Im...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Learning Diagram from  Reflective Practice to Im...
Theory of Action  for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Learning Enhanced Student Learning Diagram from ...
Reflective Practice is an Active Process <ul><li>“Rather than reflective practice being seen as impractical, passive, or i...
Representing Reflections
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul>
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul>
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul>
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffol...
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffol...
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffol...
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffol...
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffol...
Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffol...
Y-Chart Reflection Looks like… Sounds like… Feels like…
Question <ul><li>If you were to walk into a classroom, what might you see or hear there (from the students as well as the ...
Obstacles to reflective practice <ul><li>Building Solutions Activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the A5 paper provided, write...
Solutions?
Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul>
Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul>
Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul><ul>...
Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul><ul>...
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul>
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul...
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul...
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul...
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul...
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul...
When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul...
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive, facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happen...
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive, facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happen...
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive, facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happen...
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you done during this presentation? </li></ul></...
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you done during this presentation? </li></ul></...
Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you done during this presentation? </li></ul></...
Thank you! <ul><li>This presentation was based largely on: </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Ac...
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Reflective Practice Presentation

This was a presentation used to start off the academic year. Each teacher received a new journal at the beginning of the presentation.

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Reflective Practice Presentation

  1. 1. Reflective Practice The Aga Khan Academy Professional Development August 2008
  2. 2. Reflection
  3. 3. Reflection <ul><li>‘ The unexamined life isn’t worth living. ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates, 450 BC (approx.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reflection <ul><li>‘ The unexamined life isn’t worth living. ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates, 450 BC (approx.) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Reflective practice is as much a state of mind as it is a set of activities” </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Vaughan, 1990 </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Think-Reflect-Pair-Share </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you? </li></ul><ul><li>Think-Reflect-Pair-Share </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you? </li></ul><ul><li>What does a reflective educator look like? </li></ul><ul><li>Think-Reflect-Pair-Share </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you? </li></ul><ul><li>What does a reflective educator look like? </li></ul><ul><li>How do they behave? </li></ul><ul><li>Think-Reflect-Pair-Share </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is reflective practice? <ul><li>Individual Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean to you? </li></ul><ul><li>What does a reflective educator look like? </li></ul><ul><li>How do they behave? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you know if you met one? </li></ul><ul><li>Think-Reflect-Pair-Share </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to we reflect?
  11. 11. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul>
  12. 12. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul><ul><li>Peer group observations </li></ul>
  15. 15. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul><ul><li>Peer group observations </li></ul><ul><li>Within departments/grade groups </li></ul>
  16. 16. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul><ul><li>Peer group observations </li></ul><ul><li>Within departments/grade groups </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul>
  17. 17. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul><ul><li>Peer group observations </li></ul><ul><li>Within departments/grade groups </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>While reading professional material </li></ul>
  18. 18. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul><ul><li>Peer group observations </li></ul><ul><li>Within departments/grade groups </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>While reading professional material </li></ul><ul><li>When exercising </li></ul>
  19. 19. How to we reflect? <ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Visual diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing with a partner/colleague </li></ul><ul><li>Peer group observations </li></ul><ul><li>Within departments/grade groups </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>While reading professional material </li></ul><ul><li>When exercising </li></ul><ul><li>While in the car/shower/in bed… </li></ul>
  20. 20. Why reflect?
  21. 21. Why reflect? <ul><li>Education is about learning – not only student learning, but also staff learning. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Why reflect? <ul><li>Education is about learning – not only student learning, but also staff learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a function of reflection. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006.
  24. 24. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006.
  25. 25. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006.
  26. 26. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006.
  27. 27. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006.
  28. 28. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Learning Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006.
  29. 29. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Learning Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006. Action
  30. 30. Theory of Action for Reflective Practice Pause Openness Inquiry Thinking Learning Enhanced Student Learning Diagram from Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition, J. York-Barr, et. al., Corwin Press © 2006. Action
  31. 31. Reflective Practice is an Active Process <ul><li>“Rather than reflective practice being seen as impractical, passive, or irrelevant to action, it can be regarded as centrally important and relevant to the understanding of ongoing action.” </li></ul><ul><li>~ B. Bright, 1996 </li></ul>
  32. 32. Representing Reflections
  33. 33. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul>
  34. 34. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul>
  35. 35. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul>
  36. 36. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolds </li></ul>
  37. 37. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolds </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes </li></ul>
  38. 38. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolds </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul>
  39. 39. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolds </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  40. 40. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolds </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Student/Parent comments </li></ul>
  41. 41. Representing Reflections <ul><li>Y-Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Quadrants </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolds </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Student/Parent comments </li></ul><ul><li>Other Processes or frameworks </li></ul>
  42. 42. Y-Chart Reflection Looks like… Sounds like… Feels like…
  43. 43. Question <ul><li>If you were to walk into a classroom, what might you see or hear there (from the students as well as the teacher) that would cause you to think that you were in the presence of an expert? </li></ul>
  44. 44. Obstacles to reflective practice <ul><li>Building Solutions Activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the A5 paper provided, write down one obstacle to making reflective practice a part of your professional growth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When given the signal, pass your paper to the person on your right. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the obstacle, think of a possible solution and write it down. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When given the signal pass it to the person on your right. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue until you receive your original obstacle. </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Solutions?
  46. 46. Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul>
  47. 47. Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul>
  48. 48. Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul><ul><li>What can your team do? </li></ul>
  49. 49. Solutions? <ul><li>If solutions exist, why have we not implemented them? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul><ul><li>What can your team do? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we support you? </li></ul>
  50. 50. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul>
  51. 51. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With students! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  53. 53. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With students! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department meetings </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With students! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lunch </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With students! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tea break </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. When & Where do we reflect? <ul><li>Insert reflective practices everywhere! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With students! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tea break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>? – what works for you? </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
  58. 58. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive, facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happened? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
  59. 59. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive, facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happened? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretive, meaning of experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings, what was learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is it so? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
  60. 60. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive, facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happened? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretive, meaning of experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings, what was learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is it so? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeing the big picture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying the lessons learned/insights gained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning future action </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
  62. 62. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you done during this presentation? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
  63. 63. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you done during this presentation? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you learned about reflective practice and your feelings about it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul>
  64. 64. Reflective Process Framework <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you done during this presentation? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you learned about reflective practice and your feelings about it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will you make reflective practice an ongoing part of your professional development? </li></ul></ul>
  65. 65. Thank you! <ul><li>This presentation was based largely on: </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective Practice to Improve Schools: An Action Guide for Educators , 2 nd Edition. Jennifer York-Barr, William A. Sommers, Gail S. Ghere, Jo Montie. Corwin Press: California, 2006. </li></ul>

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