Lecture 6: Interviewing


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  • Welcome to lecture 6, conducting interviews.
  • Go ahead and take out the practice prompt and your practice story for us to go over. Here are some examples of ledes that I came up with… (read)Yours won’t be identical to mine. The important thing is to be creative, yet appropriate, using any one of the types of feature ledes we discussed.
  • Let’s go over an example of the nut graph. (read) Notice this one is two paragraphs long, and that’s alright…
  • You could also find some creative ways to work in additional information into the story… (read)
  • Here is the whole example put together. Please take a few moments and read over it.
  • Let’s move on to the interview. As with covering a meeting, there are several things you should do before an interview…
  • During the interview…
  • Also, you should…
  • Remember, when looking for direct quotes,…
  • Let’s do a quick review of where to use “said” in a quote…
  • When taking notes…
  • When you are writing about sensitive issues or dealing with a reluctant source, it is important to keep a few things in mind…
  • There are no readings due tomorrow. Start working on your feature homework assignment I provided you. Be sure you exchange with a peer editing partner before you turn it in. Tomorrow, we will discuss ways to find stories, and I will explain what is expected from you for project one. Have a great day!
  • Lecture 6: Interviewing

    1. 1. Interviewing Jennifer Coxhttp://cmat240summer.wordpress.com
    2. 2. Objectives• Go over extra credit practice• Learn appropriate interviewing techniques• Be able to recognize good quotes• Discuss note-taking techniques
    3. 3. Extra credit • Feature lede The stage is set for Salisbury’s young actors searchingfor their big break this summer. A late-summer night’s dream may come true for aspiringyoung actors this August at the Salisbury YMCA’s dramacamp. Move over Hollywood: Salisbury will play host to a hotbedof acting talent at the YMCA’s youth drama camp thissummer.
    4. 4. Extra credit • Nut graph • Can still have some creativity to match the tone • Why should I care? – think about your audience • Don’t repeat things from the lede The camp program, “Lights, Camera, Action,” will give Salisbury YMCA will host a summer camp for aspiringactors ages 5-15 from Aug. 1-25. Camperswith actors fromchildren ages 5-15 the opportunity to train can sharpen theirchops acting in Little Red Riding Hood 1-25. Campers willSalisbury Actor’s Playhouse from Aug. and get into mischiefin A Midsummer Night’s Dream.work on all aspects of theater, from writing and acting toscene constructioncan also try their hand at writing and Older campers and directing.directing short skits. And everyone will be able to get behindthe scenes working on set construction.
    5. 5. Extra credit• Additional information/background information • Find creative ways to work in details Campers will be able to sharpen their chops acting inLittle Red Riding Hood and get into mischief in AMidsummer Night’s Dream. Older campers can also try their hand at writing anddirecting short skits. And everyone will be able to getbehind the scenes working on set construction
    6. 6. Extra credit The stage is set for Salisbury’s young actors searching for their bigbreak this summer. The Salisbury YMCA will host a summer camp for aspiring actorsages 5-15 from Aug. 1-25. Campers can sharpen their chops acting inLittle Red Riding Hood and get into mischief in A Midsummer Night’sDream. Older campers can also try their hand at writing and directing shortskits. And everyone will be able to get behind the scenes working on setconstruction. “This camp allows up the opportunity to reach out to the youngpeople in this community and help them to reach for the stars,” CampDirector Joshua James said. Registration for the camp is from May 20-June 30. For moreinformation, visit www.YMCAdrama.com.
    7. 7. Before the interview• Get background information • Use the Internet • Other sources • Press releases• Write an outline – not a script • Let the conversation guide the interview, but don’t forget your topic• Set up the interview • Call and tell your source the topic • Ask when he/she is available to speak in person • For man-on-the-street, pick your location and seek permission• Dress nicely
    8. 8. Interview structure• Clarify immediately that your conversation is for print -- NO ANONYMOUS SOURCES!• Be sure to get: • name (spelling) • title • age (when appropriate) • phone number• Start with soft, easy questions – break the ice• Ask your closed-ended questions first• Banter with your source – ask logical follow-ups AN INTERVIEW IS JUST A CONVERSATION WHERE ONE PERSON IS TAKING NOTES
    9. 9. tips• Take note of clothing, mannerisms and other non- verbal actions• Don’t interrupt – you might cut off a good quote• Practice good listening behavior • Nodding • Smiling • “uh huh…” • Eye contact• Don’t ask double-barreled questions • Two questions in one
    10. 10. tips• Follow up – be curious! • Why did you feel that way? • How did you feel about that?• Get them to speak in layman’s terms• Figure out the sequence of events• Get relevant background information• Be objective – don’t agree or disagree
    11. 11. tips• Be in control – don’t let subjects ramble too much• Repeat questions if you’re not satisfied• Be sensitive• Be silent• Play devil’s advocate
    12. 12. Quotes/attribution• Use quotes to convey emotions/reactions, not details• Last name only on second reference• Attribution in the middle• Titles “The man was about 20 years old, and he carried a knife,” said John Smith, who reported the crime.“I was terrified,” said John Smith, who reported the crime. “I really thought I was going to die.”
    13. 13. Where does said go? • Always group “said” and the name together • Normally it goes after the name… • Unless there is a longer title or more information“We are going to catch this guy,” Police Chief Karen Bryce said.“We are going to catch this guy,” said Karen Bryce, chief of police for the Salisbury Police Department.
    14. 14. Note-taking• Recorders (ask permission) – STILL TAKE NOTES!• Keep your ears open for good quotes• Develop your own shorthand • Use key words and phrase you can understand• Don’t be afraid to slow your subject or to ask him/her to repeat something• Ask them to clarify their meaning• Double-check spellings or other fact error possibilities• Make eye contact when you can• Don’t waste time writing things you won’t use verbatim
    15. 15. Sensitive issues• No anonymous sources• Don’t print anything off the record – try to speak only on the record• Handle sensitive issues with care • Allow the source as much time as they need • Don’t push too hard • Come back to difficult questions later• Don’t take their word for it – check their facts
    16. 16. announcements• Homework due Thursday by 5 p.m.• Tomorrow: finding stories & discussion of project one