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Hard news stories         Professor Jennifer Coxhttp://cmat240summer.wordpress.com
objectives• More AP style work• Introduce you to hard news writing• Introduce you to inverted pyramid• Prepare you for you...
Ap style regularities• Numbers • Zero-nine • 10 and up • Look up larger numbers: 1 million; 34 billion• Ages • Always nume...
Ap style regularities• Money  • Always numerical for less than $1 million  • $4; $6,000; $100,000• Cities, States  • State...
Ap style regularitiesAddresses• Only abbreviated ones: Ave., Blvd. & St.• Only abbreviated when there is a numerical addre...
Inverted pyramid    Summarize key facts         Organize         logically         End when          you run           out...
Inverted pyramid
ledes• Hard news lede/summary lede• Contains the most important information in the story• Must grab the reader’s attention...
Elements of a storyLede:•   Hard news/summary lede/nut graf•   Introduces the main point of the story•   How does event im...
Elements – ledeA collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a    police officer Tuesday, acco...
Elements – ledeA collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a    police officer Tuesday, acco...
Delayed identification  • Start with vague details, words     • “Jacksonville man”     • Local apartment complex  • List s...
Instant identification• Well-known public figures• Celebrities• Profiles
tips• Short sentences  • Try to keep to less than 30 words per sentence• Short paragraphs (grafs)  • No more than 1-2 sent...
tips• Don’t use two pages when one will do• Break long sentences up into shorter sentences • When you think comma, think p...
tips  • Strive for balance     • Be truthful     • Give equal voice to all involved     • Don’t assume officials are right...
attribution• According to & said  • People speak  • Documents don’t• Only attribute information that is subjective  • Don’...
Other points• Use past tense!• Days vs. dates • No “tomorrow” or “yesterday”; “today” OK          The carnival will take p...
announcements• AP Style quiz tomorrow before 9 p.m.• Read Chapters 9 (Story Forms) & Chapter 20  (Crime & Punishment)• Tom...
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Lecture 2: Hard news writing

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Lecture 2: Hard news writing

  1. 1. Hard news stories Professor Jennifer Coxhttp://cmat240summer.wordpress.com
  2. 2. objectives• More AP style work• Introduce you to hard news writing• Introduce you to inverted pyramid• Prepare you for your first writing assignment tomorrow
  3. 3. Ap style regularities• Numbers • Zero-nine • 10 and up • Look up larger numbers: 1 million; 34 billion• Ages • Always numerical • He is a 4-year-old boy. • The boy is 4 years old.• Times • Always numerical • 1 p.m.; 7 a.m.
  4. 4. Ap style regularities• Money • Always numerical for less than $1 million • $4; $6,000; $100,000• Cities, States • States are spelled out when they stand alone • They use AP style abbreviations when connected to a city: Salisbury, Md.; Birmingham, Ala.; Miami, Fla. • Don’t use the state when it is the one you are in (Maryland); just use the city • See your Datelines entry for cities that do not require states: Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, etc.• Dates • Month is only abbreviated when attached to a day: Jan. 3 • Do not use –st, -nd, etc.
  5. 5. Ap style regularitiesAddresses• Only abbreviated ones: Ave., Blvd. & St.• Only abbreviated when there is a numerical address • College Avenue • 445 College Ave.• Spell out and capitalize First through Ninth; Numerals for 10th and up • Fifth Avenue • 13th Avenue• Directions are abbreviated only when there is a numerical address • West College Avenue • 445 W. College Avenue • 445 13th St. NW
  6. 6. Inverted pyramid Summarize key facts Organize logically End when you run out of facts
  7. 7. Inverted pyramid
  8. 8. ledes• Hard news lede/summary lede• Contains the most important information in the story• Must grab the reader’s attention• No more than one sentence; 30-35 words MAXIMUM
  9. 9. Elements of a storyLede:• Hard news/summary lede/nut graf• Introduces the main point of the story• How does event impact the reader?• Summary of main facts • Who, what, when, why, where, how? • Not all are necessarily needed in lede
  10. 10. Elements – ledeA collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday, according to the Florida Highway Patrol. A woman was critically injured and a police officer seriously injured after a collision in Lake City Tuesday… A collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday… Tuesday, a collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer…
  11. 11. Elements – ledeA collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday, according to the Florida Highway Patrol. A Lake City collision critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday… A woman who did not see an approaching police car was seriously injured after crashing into the officer in Lake City Tuesday.
  12. 12. Delayed identification • Start with vague details, words • “Jacksonville man” • Local apartment complex • List specifics beyond that A Delmar man was arrested Friday morning after police say they caughthim attempting to break in to a local nightclub using a sledgehammer and saw. Jason Smith, 27, was charged with burglary and possession of burglarytools. Owners of the University Bar, at 123 N. College Ave., reported hearingstrange noises outside the business at about 1 a.m.
  13. 13. Instant identification• Well-known public figures• Celebrities• Profiles
  14. 14. tips• Short sentences • Try to keep to less than 30 words per sentence• Short paragraphs (grafs) • No more than 1-2 sentences• Short ledes • No more than one sentence (to begin with)• KISS – Keep It Simple, Stupid
  15. 15. tips• Don’t use two pages when one will do• Break long sentences up into shorter sentences • When you think comma, think period instead! Tom is an 8-year-old boy who goes to school in Philadelphia. Tom is an 8-year-old boy. He goes to school in Philadelphia.
  16. 16. tips • Strive for balance • Be truthful • Give equal voice to all involved • Don’t assume officials are right/truthful • Keep yourself out of the story! • Don’t include your opinion/bias • Don’t bore readers with the process The faculty protested the unhealthy food served in the cafeteria. Journalism is great, said Professor Cox, who is highly qualified to teach.The bill should be approved by Congress, said Obama in an interview.
  17. 17. attribution• According to & said • People speak • Documents don’t• Only attribute information that is subjective • Don’t attribute charges, descriptions The man was charged with burglary, police officers said. The man was charged with burglary, Sgt. Rick Nelson said.The man admitted to burglarizing the store, according to a police report.The woman was banging loudly and threatening her husband, said Rick Jones, a neighbor in her apartment building.
  18. 18. Other points• Use past tense!• Days vs. dates • No “tomorrow” or “yesterday”; “today” OK The carnival will take place today. The carnival will take place Monday. The carnival will take place Sept. 19.
  19. 19. announcements• AP Style quiz tomorrow before 9 p.m.• Read Chapters 9 (Story Forms) & Chapter 20 (Crime & Punishment)• Tomorrow: crime writing

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