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Lecture 2 - Hard News

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Lecture 2 - Hard News

  1. 1. Hard news stories Dr. Jennifer Cox
  2. 2. objectives • Introduce you to hard news writing • Introduce you to inverted pyramid • Assign extra credit • Prepare you for your first writing assignment
  3. 3. Inverted pyramid Summarize key facts Organize logically End when you run out of facts
  4. 4. Inverted pyramid
  5. 5. ledes • Hard news lede/summary lede • Contains the most important information in the story • Must grab the reader’s attention • No more than one sentence; 30-35 words MAXIMUM
  6. 6. Elements of a story Lede: • Hard news/summary lede/nut graf • Introduces the main point of the story • How does event impact the reader? • Summary of main facts • Who, what, when, why, where, how? • Not all are necessarily needed in lede
  7. 7. Elements – lede A collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday, according to the Florida Highway Patrol. A woman was critically injured and a police officer seriously injured after a collision in Lake City Tuesday… A collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday… Tuesday, a collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer…
  8. 8. Elements – lede A collision in Lake City critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday, according to the Florida Highway Patrol. A Lake City collision critically injured a woman and seriously injured a police officer Tuesday… A woman who did not see an approaching police car was seriously injured after crashing into the officer in Lake City Tuesday.
  9. 9. Delayed identification • Start with vague details, words • “Jacksonville man” • Local apartment complex • List specifics beyond that A Delmar man was arrested Friday morning after police say they caught him attempting to break in to a local nightclub using a sledgehammer and saw. Jason Smith, 27, was charged with burglary and possession of burglary tools. Owners of the University Bar, at 123 N. College Ave., reported hearing strange noises outside the business at about 1 a.m.
  10. 10. Instant identification • Well-known public figures • Celebrities • Profiles
  11. 11. tips • Short sentences • Try to keep to less than 30 words per sentence • Short paragraphs (grafs) • No more than 1-2 sentences • Short ledes • No more than one sentence (to begin with) • KISS – Keep It Simple, Stupid
  12. 12. tips • Don’t use two pages when one will do • Break long sentences up into shorter sentences • When you think comma, think period instead! Tom is an 8-year-old boy who goes to school in Philadelphia. Tom is an 8-year-old boy. He goes to school in Philadelphia.
  13. 13. tips • Strive for balance • Be truthful • Give equal voice to all involved • Don’t assume officials are right/truthful • Keep yourself out of the story! • Don’t include your opinion/bias • Don’t bore readers with the process The faculty protested the unhealthy food served in the cafeteria. Journalism is great, said Professor Cox, who is highly qualified to teach. The bill should be approved by Congress, said Obama in an interview.
  14. 14. attribution • According to & said • People speak • Documents don’t • Only attribute information that is subjective • Don’t attribute charges, descriptions The man was charged with burglary, police officers said. The man was charged with burglary, Sgt. Rick Nelson said. The man admitted to burglarizing the store, according to a police report. The woman was banging loudly and threatening her husband, said Rick Jones, a neighbor in her apartment building.
  15. 15. Other points • Use past tense! • Days vs. dates • No “tomorrow” or “yesterday”; “today” OK The carnival will take place Monday. The carnival will take place Sept. 19. The carnival will take place today.
  16. 16. Extra credit • Five extra credit points • Write a short hard news story based on the information we went over today • Turn it in to MyClasses by 11:59 p.m. tonight
  17. 17. announcements • Read Chapters 9 (Story Forms) & Chapter 20 (Crime & Punishment) • Tomorrow: • Crime writing • Homework assignment #1 • Peer editing partner assignments

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