EDU 379


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EDU 379

  1. 1. The History of Education 1900 to present
  2. 2. History of Education 1900-present Jen Taylor-Progressivism, GI Bill Lauren-Brown vs. Board of Education Mandy-Brown vs. Board of Education Michelle-Elementary and Secondary Education Act Jim-Affirmative Action, Title IX and the Department of Education Katie-IDEA Meridith-Goals 2k Lyndsey-NCLB
  3. 3. Justice Justice means much more than the sort of thing that goes on in law courts. It is the old name for everything we should now call 'fariness'; it includes honesty, give and take, truthfulness, keeping promises, and all the side of life. ~C.S. Lewis
  4. 4. The Progressive Movement and Child Centered Curriculum ~1900-~1955 “ Education is a social process. Education is growth. Education is, not a preparation for life; education is life itself.” ~John Dewey
  5. 6. <ul><li>Become aware of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Define the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Propose hypothesis to solve it. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the consequences of the hypotheses from one's past experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Test the likeliest solution. </li></ul>
  6. 8. The GI Bill 1944
  7. 12. Brown vs. Board of Education ~1954
  8. 13. “ Today education is perhaps the most important function of the state and local government. Compulsory school attendance laws and the great expenditures for education both demonstrate our recognition of the importance of education to our democratic society …We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of “Separate But Equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” Oliver L. Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, Untied States Supreme Court, May17, 1954
  9. 15. Little Rock Central High School 1957 “ The Little Rock Nine” Thelma Mothershed Elizabeth Eckford Melba Pattillo Jefferson Thomas Ernest Green Minniejean Brown Carlotta Walls Terrence Roberts Gloria Ray.
  10. 16. Oct. 4, 1957 Sputnik Launched <ul><li>The Soviets' history-making accomplishment, launching a satellite into orbit. </li></ul><ul><li>Created both paranoia and concern that the Soviets had beaten Americans into space. </li></ul><ul><li>That concern sparked a much-needed revolution in scientific education in the U.S. </li></ul>
  11. 17. 1973 Zoning Ordinances <ul><li>Keys vs. School District No. 1 of Denver Colorado. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled zoning ordinances are still designed to segregate. </li></ul>
  12. 18. 1974 Bilingual Education Act <ul><li>Established educational programs for bilingual speakers. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave federal funding to schools for these programs. </li></ul>
  13. 20. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) ~1965
  14. 21. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) “ Poverty must not be a bar to learning, and learning must offer an escape from poverty.” - President Lyndon B. Johnson
  15. 22. Beginning of ESEA <ul><li>Johnson’s election in 1965 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of ESEA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ESEA put into law in 1965 </li></ul>
  16. 23. ESEA <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce achievement gaps between rich and poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not aimed to aid all schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ESEA created: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title I- Grants to improve education programs for poor children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title II-Funds for upgrading school library resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title III-Funds for innovative and exemplary programs. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 24. Outcome <ul><li>President Johnson saw need for change </li></ul><ul><li>Provided more equal education opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Bridged gap between students of rich and poor </li></ul>
  18. 25. Affirmative Action, Title IX, and the Department of Education ~1972-the early 1980’s
  19. 29. Education for All Handicap Children Act 1975 Individual with Disabilities Education Act (I.D.E.A) 1990
  20. 34. &quot;There are only two things wrong with most special education for the mentally handicapped; it isn't special, and it isn't education.&quot; ~Alice Metzner “ Time buries the mistakes of many school programs.&quot; ~Richard H. Hungerford &quot;The mentally retarded continue to be the least of the last minority in the United States —the least understood, the most different, the least appreciated. Still it 'seems probable that, in the words of Voltaire, 'Their time has come.' and, in spite of the ignorance and general indifference of the public, the lot of the retarded is looking upward.'' ~Richard H, Hungerford Christmas in Purgatory 1966
  21. 36. Staten Island NY City, NY
  22. 38. Goals 2000 1994
  23. 40. <ul><li>“ We must return to the principle that if we give ordinary people equal opportunity, quality education, and a fair shot at the American dream, they will do extraordinary things.” </li></ul><ul><li>— President Bill Clinton, January 25, 1994 </li></ul>
  24. 41. By the year 2000… <ul><li>All children in America will start school ready to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>The high school graduation rate will increase to at least 90%. </li></ul><ul><li>All students will leave grades 4, 8, and12 having demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter…and every school in America will ensure that all students learn to use their minds well, so they may be prepared for responsible citizenship, further learning, and productive employment in our nation’s modern economy. </li></ul>
  25. 42. By the year 2000… <ul><li>United States students will be first in the world in mathematics and science achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Every adult American will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>Every school in the United States will be free of drugs, violence, and the unauthorized presence of firearms and alcohol and will offer a disciplined environment conductive to learning. </li></ul>
  26. 43. By the year 2000… <ul><li>The nation’s teaching force will have access to programs for the continued improvement of their professional skills and the opportunity to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to instruct and prepare all American students for the next century. </li></ul><ul><li>Every school will promote partnerships that will increase parental involvement and participation in promoting the social, emotional, and academic growth of children. </li></ul>
  27. 44. No Child Left Behind Act
  28. 45. Quote
  29. 46. Pictures