ART 299 VISUAL CULTURE GLOBAL CONTEXTMODULE2
Overview Module 2 hominin origins in southern Africa   Laetoli footprints (not in text), 3.6 mya   “Lucy” skeleton (not...
Our picture of humanity’sroots is constantly There is an active community of researchchanging.  around the question of ou...
These all seem like simple enoughquestions, but the answers keepchanging fairly dramatically as we findnew evidence from m...
The past isn’t static, butdynamic.Therefore, please be aware as you work  through this module that some of the specific  i...
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/07/1/l_071_03.htmlTHE LAETOLI FOOTPRINTS
The Laetoli footprints, 3.6million years agoThese are not the onlyhominin footprints thathave been found inAfrica, but the...
http://leakeyfoundation.org/about-us/leakey-family/mary-leakey/PROFILE OF MARY LEAKEY
http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent/humanorigins/history/humans3.phpLAETOLI FOOTPRINTS
http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent/humanorigins/history/humans4.phpAUSTRALOPITHECUS AFARENSIS
http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent/humanorigins/history/humans5.phpLUCY IN THE SKY WITH DIAMONDS
“Makapansgat cobble,” South Africa, naturally eroded pebble with asurprising resemblance to a face, around 3 million years...
http://mc2.vicnet.net.au/home/portable/web/manuport.htmlWHAT IS THE “MAKAPANGSAT COBBLE” AND WHY DOES IT MATTER?
http://cogweb.ucla.edu/ep/Blombos.htmlBLOMBOS CAVE, SOUTH AFRICA
incised ochre, Blombos Cave,c. 77,000 BCE
plastered skullsc. 7000 BCE, Jericho   c. 4000 BCE, Beisamun
 TERMS  hominin: this has a more technical definition, but   for our purposes, think of it as an early human or   proto-...
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ART299Module2

  1. 1. ART 299 VISUAL CULTURE GLOBAL CONTEXTMODULE2
  2. 2. Overview Module 2 hominin origins in southern Africa  Laetoli footprints (not in text), 3.6 mya  “Lucy” skeleton (not in text), 3.2 mya the line between art and non-art  Makapansgat cobble (1-2), 3 mya  incised ochre from Blombos cave (not in text), c. 77,000 BCE  plastered human skull, Jericho (1-14), c. 7000 BCE  plastered human skull, Beisamun (not in text), c. 4000 BCE
  3. 3. Our picture of humanity’sroots is constantly There is an active community of researchchanging. around the question of our earliest human ancestors.  Who were they?  Where did they live?  What is unique about their anatomy and physiology?  What behaviors did they engage in?  How do we draw the line between human and non-human?
  4. 4. These all seem like simple enoughquestions, but the answers keepchanging fairly dramatically as we findnew evidence from month to month.
  5. 5. The past isn’t static, butdynamic.Therefore, please be aware as you work through this module that some of the specific information you are reading here may change. The point of the module is not to memorize specific facts of human prehistory, but to become aware of how ongoing discovery keeps revising our sense of the past, and to begin interpreting the significance of what we know at this point.
  6. 6. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/07/1/l_071_03.htmlTHE LAETOLI FOOTPRINTS
  7. 7. The Laetoli footprints, 3.6million years agoThese are not the onlyhominin footprints thathave been found inAfrica, but they remainthe most famousphysical evidence thatour hominin ancestors(in this case,Australopithecusafarensis) walkedupright. Thisevolutionary changecame before largercranial size, accordingto current state ofresearch. Cast of the Laetoli footprints displayed in Tanzania
  8. 8. http://leakeyfoundation.org/about-us/leakey-family/mary-leakey/PROFILE OF MARY LEAKEY
  9. 9. http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent/humanorigins/history/humans3.phpLAETOLI FOOTPRINTS
  10. 10. http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent/humanorigins/history/humans4.phpAUSTRALOPITHECUS AFARENSIS
  11. 11. http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent/humanorigins/history/humans5.phpLUCY IN THE SKY WITH DIAMONDS
  12. 12. “Makapansgat cobble,” South Africa, naturally eroded pebble with asurprising resemblance to a face, around 3 million years old
  13. 13. http://mc2.vicnet.net.au/home/portable/web/manuport.htmlWHAT IS THE “MAKAPANGSAT COBBLE” AND WHY DOES IT MATTER?
  14. 14. http://cogweb.ucla.edu/ep/Blombos.htmlBLOMBOS CAVE, SOUTH AFRICA
  15. 15. incised ochre, Blombos Cave,c. 77,000 BCE
  16. 16. plastered skullsc. 7000 BCE, Jericho c. 4000 BCE, Beisamun
  17. 17.  TERMS  hominin: this has a more technical definition, but for our purposes, think of it as an early human or proto-human.  manuport: something you pick up and carry around.  ochre: reddish pigment used for body decoration and cave painting

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