CONCEPT MAPSINSTITUTE FOR HUMAN AND MACHINE COGNITION (IHMC)What they embrace and how to constructthem Jorge E. Muñoz
CONTENTSDefinition and componentsCharacteristicsExamplesHow to build a concept mapReferences
DEFINITIONConcept maps are graphical tools for organizing and representing knowledge. They help you represent ideas in a clearer way (Novak & Cañas, 2008) Their objective is to state propositions (meaningful ideas) by connecting concepts.
COMPONENTS Concept maps include concepts, linking words and propositions:1. Concepts: Labels designating objects, events, animals, people or special characteristics. You can use 1 or more words.1. Linking words: Words connecting two concepts2. Propositions: Propositions are statements about some objects or events in the universe. They contain two or more concepts connected by linking words to form a meaningful idea (Novak, 2008).
CHARACTERISTICS Concept maps are represented in a hierarchical way with the most general concepts at the top of the map and the most specific concepts below. Design: The concepts can be represented as points, boxes or geometric shapes. The lines can be curved or straight. Itis best to construct concept maps with reference to some particular question we seek to answer, which we have called a focus question.
HOW CAN I BUILD A CONCEPTMAP ?Novak and Cañas (2008) state 8 steps to build a concept map, here they are…