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# What is power factor

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prepared by Jamilah Abbas
Building Services Eng, JKA PSA

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### What is power factor

1. 1. WHAT IS POWER FACTOR<br />
2. 2. KW<br />Working Power ( actual power, active power or real power)<br />It is the power that actually powers the equipment and performs useful work<br />
3. 3. KVAR<br />Reactive Power<br />It is the power that magnetic equipment ( transformer, motor and relay) needs to produce the magnetizing flux<br />
4. 4. KVA<br />Apparent Power<br />It is the vectorial summation of KVAR and KW<br />
5. 5.
6. 6. POWER FACTOR<br />PF = KW / KVA<br />PF = KW / KW + KVAR<br />
7. 7.
8. 8. KVA<br /> KVAR<br />θ<br />
9. 9. PF = KW / KVA = COS θ<br /> KVAR/KVA = SIN θ<br /> KVA = √ KW2 + KVAR 2 <br />
10. 10. WHAT CAUSES LOW POWER FACTOR<br />Since power factor is defined as the ratio of KW to KVA<br />What causes a large KVAR in a system?<br /> INDUCTIVE LOADS<br /> Transformers<br /> Induction motors<br /> Induction generator<br /> High intensity discharge lighting<br />