Presentation Online Educa Berlin 2011, Hester Jelgerhuis, 01122011
Open Educational Resources“Open Educational Resources (OER) are learning materials that are freely available online for use or reuse. OER often have a Creative Commons license that states specifically how the materials may be reused, revised, remixed, or redistributed.”
Users of OER: OCW at Delft University of Technology• Who are the users? – students (including prospective students): 52%* – professionals: 28% – teachers: 6% – others: 14%• 28% are Dutch, 72% are foreign (34 different countries) * mainly Dutch secondary school students and international Master’s students.Source: Onderzoeksrapport gebruikersonderzoek Open Courseware TU Delft (2011).
Users of OERIn other words: OER allows educational institutions to reach a muchwider audience, including young people in the process of selecting aprogramme of study, international students, and self-learners(professionals, alumni, etc.).
Why do students use OpenCourseWare?Why do students use Delft University of TechnologyOpenCourseWare?• To increase their knowledge within their area of expertise.• To gather information about studying at Delft University of Technology.• To improve their knowledge outside their area of expertise.Students at Delft University of Technology use OCW primarily as areference while studying.Source: Onderzoeksrapport gebruikersonderzoek Open Courseware TU Delft (2011).
Advantages of OER according to Dutch students 1. OER are free educational content available online 24/7. 2. OER are allowing more flexibility within the educational programme. 3. OER are widely available for most courses. 4. Prospective students can use OER for a better understanding of the educational programme. 5. Teachers can save time using OER and concentrate more on the social aspects of learning.Source: Khezri, Armina (2011). Perceptions of Dutch Bachelor and Master students on OER.Thesis Rotterdam Business School.
Disadvantages of OER according to Dutch students 1. The quality of OER can be inconsistent. 2. OER can influence student attendance in the classroom and decrease social interaction among students. 3. OER must be customized in order to meet the terms of university requirements. 4. Participation requires a basic level of technical skill. 5. Most OER content is in English, which can create a language barrier for non-English-speaking students.Source: Khezri, Armina (2011). Perceptions of Dutch Bachelor and Master students on OER.Thesis Rotterdam Business School.
Ranking of OER types by Dutch students Students are positive or very positive about: 1. Word or PDF documents 2. Instructional videos 3. Articles and other reading material 4. PowerPoint presentations 5. Web lectures 6. Full online coursesUnlike their Dutch counterparts, the Chinese students believe thatthe discussion forums play a vital role in supporting their onlinelearning process.Source: Khezri, Armina (2011). Perceptions of Dutch Bachelor and Master students on OER.Thesis Rotterdam Business School.
Willingness to produce or share OER Would students consider contributing to the development of OER? • yes: 21% • yes, but only with the cooperation of the instructor or other students: 48% • no: 31% Would students consider sharing their educational resources? • yes: 64% • no: 36%Source: Khezri, Armina (2011). Perceptions of Dutch Bachelor and Master students on OER.Thesis Rotterdam Business School.
Students as agents for change?• Widening roles of students in Open Education: – consumer prosumer – producer• Examples: – blogs (sharing essays) – Open Study (social learning network) – HBO Kennisbank (open access to theses) – Lecture Leaks (sharing lectures) – (massively) open online courses (e.g. Stanford or Digital Storytelling) Student empowerment?
The NEXT generation students in higher education sharing linking knowledge GENERATION C connected 24/7 network community learning reviewing collaboration content creators (co)creating re-using customize remixing curious control C commenting revising content curation redistributing Is higher education ready for the NEXT generation students?
Opportunities for the future?• The power of co-creation: Students as producers/co-producers and content developers of OER.• The power of social networks: Open study communities, network learning.• The power of sharing: Can we create a marketplace for repurposing OER for a new group of students (international students, alumni)?• The power of new business models for higher education: Open textbooks, massively open online courses (MOOC), enhanced web lectures, etc. “Students are a very powerful resource for OER, and we don’t tap into this resource enough. A bag of gold?”