Social studies primary source lesson plan.2011docx 1


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Social studies primary source lesson plan.2011docx 1

  1. 1. Lesson Plan <br />Title of Lesson: Ruby Bridges, Believe in YourselfAuthor: Jo-Anne EscandonGrade Level: 4School: Race Brook SchoolTime Estimated: <br /><ul><li>Brief OverviewIn this lesson students will evaluate various primary sources to discover how a six year old child with strong character traits made an important contribution to society and overcame difficult obstacles. As a result of this lesson, students will know: when you believe in yourself, you can achieve success.Historical Inquiry QuestionRuby Bridges was only 6 years old when she was the first black student to go to an all white school in New Orleans in 1960. How did she overcome the difficult obstacles entering school each day?Content KnowledgeAs a result of this lesson, students will know: Who Ruby Bridges was the first African American to attend an all white school in New Orleans in 1960.Four U.S. Marshals escorted her into the William Frantz Public School in New Orleans. .It took 6years for New Orleans to obey the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation was unconstitutional.Ruby Bridges was the only student in Mrs. Barbara Henry’s 1st grade class for one year because the white parents did not send their children to school there.Despite obstacles, Ruby had fun in schoolSkillsStudents will be able to analyze and draw conclusions from primary sources about the obstacles Ruby had to overcome, opening the door for future African American students to attend white schools.Students will be able to use primary sources to gain knowledge of the concept of discrimination and prejudice. The students will experience what it feels like to be discriminated against to understand the struggles of segregation at a fourth grade level.CT Standards AddressedConnecticut Standard 1:Knowledge of concepts and informationfrom history and social studies is necessary to promote understanding of our nation and our world.Connecticut State Goal 1.1: Demonstrated an understanding of significant events and themesIn U.S. History. Prior KnowledgeStudents should have prior knowledge about familiar African Americans were discriminated against and how these people overcame these obstacles…i.e. Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks.Resources neededLibrary of Congress ResourcesTeaching guide from the Library of Congress Elementary School Level - Non-Fiction Robert Coles, The Story of Ruby Bridges. New York: Scholastic, 1995.Margo Lundell, ed., Through My Eyes: Ruby Bridges. New York: Scholastic Press, 1999. Press, 1999.l+%7C%7C+ruby+bridges&col=loc&n=1&la=en  The Library of Congress >> Virtual Programs and Services  October 30, 20069&zoom=1&tbnid=Xskr5YS9kFZgxM:&tbnh=118&tbnw=109&ei=L9mkTaPbDMLVgQe A musical performance about the youngest heroes of the Civil Rights Movement, and their inspiring, important struggle for equal rights Meet Ruby Bridges, Ernest Green, and Claudette Colvin through this warm and powerful story of their courage, strength and hope. Part of "The Greatest Stories Never Told" series, this original musical is written and directed by Raquis Petree with music by Marion Johnson. This presentation is part of the public programs surrounding the exhibition With an Even Hand: Brown v. Board of Education at Fifty. A co-presentation with The Discovery Theater. » Get Learning Guide [PDF: 2.51 MB] (requires freely available Acrobat Reader) qm9DKCA&prev=/search%3Fq%3Druby%2Bbridges%2Blibrary%2Bof%2Bcongress%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26hs%3DgkS%26rls%3Dorg. Hook/Warm Up: Begin lesson by choosing one student who would like to be the main character in a role play situation. This student stands in front of the room.Meet with this group separately. Give some of them sticky notes with directions to shout at the main character, first one at a time, then all at the same time: Here are some sample shouts:“Your shoes are ugly!” “Go back to third grade!”“Your pants don’t match!”“Why don’t you go to another school?”“Your snack is horrible!”“As they continue, students will make up their own put-downs.“ fficial%26biw%3D1024%26bih%3D of LessonInquiry Activity: With a partner, students will analyze, draw conclusions and make connections to the primary sources displayed on the Smartboard to the “Warm-up” activity. They will share with the class their observations.Extension:View the Disney movie, “The Story of Ruby Bridges” and discuss their feelings after each segment. Application Activity: Using information from the primary sources and video, students will choose a group to show how Ruby was able to overcome obstacles of prejudice and discrimination.Group 1 will create a newscast report interviewing RubyGroup 2 will illustrate a poster/ drawing/collageGroup 3 will create slides for a PowerPoint presentationGroup 4 will write a bookletEvaluationStudents will read “Walking Tall” and answer vocabulary and comprehension questions (see attached MLK History Ruby Bridges) Each student will make a journal entry about their feelings about the ‘Warm-up activity. (see attached Journal Steps…)s sPossibilities for DifferentiationThis lesson is set up for heterogeneous groups, including special ed students. Each will be able to work at their own pace and level of interest to present knowledge gained as a result of the lesson. As students are working together, the teacher is able to circulate to support students in drawing conclusions at various levels. The teacher will modify the lesson as needed for individual students.