UAE-aspect of culture


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Presentation about aspects of culture,and one aspect of it,presenting UAE

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UAE-aspect of culture

  1. 1. Culture and International Business: Dimensions of culture & analysis of one aspect of culture<br />*UAE*<br />Jelena Pahić<br />
  2. 2. Resume<br />1. Culture and International Business<br />2. The impact of culture on business<br />3. Culture is the best way in which people solve problems<br />4. Feelings and relationships- affective vs neutral cultures <br />5. Intercultural communication<br />6. Reconciling neutral and affective cultures<br />7. Analysis of one aspect of culture- UNITED ARAB EMIRATES<br />8. Literature<br />
  3. 3. 1. Culture and International Business<br />about cultural differences and how they effect the process of doing business and managing, and not about how to understand the people of different nationalities<br />
  4. 4. 2. The impact of culture on business 1/2<br />in every culture in the world such phenomena as authority, bureaucracy, creativity, good fellowship, verification and accountability are experienced in different ways<br />
  5. 5. 2. The impact of culture on business 2/2<br />there is a theory that internationalization will create, or at least lead to, a common culture worldwide- this would make the life of international managers much simpler<br />
  6. 6. 3. Culture is the best way in which people solve problems<br />culture is the best way in which a group of people solve problems and reconciles dilemmas<br />culture comes in layers, like an onion- to understand it you have to unpeel it layer by layer<br />the layers of values are deeper within the “onion”, and are more difficult to identify<br />
  7. 7. 4. Feelings and relationships- affective vs neutral cultures <br />memebers of cultures which are affectively neutral do not show their feelings but keep them carefully controlled<br />in cultures high in affectivity, people show their feelings by laughing, smiling and gesturing <br />
  8. 8. %<br />
  9. 9. 5. Intercultural communication<br />communication is essentially the exchange of information, ideas or emotions; information is the carrier of meaning<br />it is possible only between people who share a system of meaning<br />Verbal communication<br />Western society has a predominantly verbal culture, and Europeans communicate with paper, film and conversation<br />Non-verbal communication<br />rasearch has shown that at least 75% of all communication is non-verbal<br />
  10. 10. 6. Reconciling neutral and affective cultures<br />overly neutral or affective (expressive) cultures have problems doing business with each other<br />the neutral person is easily accused of being ice-cold with no heart; the affective person is seen as out of control<br />when such cultures meet the first, essential is to recognize the differences <br />
  11. 11. 7. Analysis of one aspect of culture-UNITED ARAB EMIRATES<br />
  12. 12. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES- OVERVIEW 1/2<br />a relativelyyoung federation of seven small Gulf states each with their own unique identity and history<br />the discovery of oil in the mid 20th century drastically changed the UAE’s economy making it one of the wealthiest nations in the Muslim world<br />with a large foreign expatriate population, it is the most<br /> (socially) liberal country in the Middle East<br />
  13. 13. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES- OVERVIEW 2/2<br />the president of the Emirates is His Highness Shaikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahayan, who has ruled the country since its inception<br />citizens now have a high standard of living and level of education, and the country is investing a great deal in transforming the desert into a green and pleasant land<br />
  14. 14. GEOGRAPHY 1/2<br />Official name – United Arab Emirates<br /> Population: 4.621.399 (July 2008)<br /> Official Language – Arabic<br /> Currency – Emirati Dirham (AED)<br /> Capital city – Abu Dhabi<br /> GDP- US$189.6 billion (2007 est.)<br /> GDP per CAPITA- US$37,300 (2007 est.)<br />
  15. 15. RELIGION<br />Islam is the official religion<br />76% of the population are Muslims, with the remaining 15% Christians, and 9% Hindus and others<br />as with all of the Arab states, Islam has a profound influence on most aspects of life in the UAE<br />the Emirates are tolerant of other religions as well <br />
  16. 16. ECONOMY<br />the UAE’s strong economy is due to its oil and gas reserves, as well as its strategic location at the mouth of the Arabian Gulf<br />the Government has used much of its wealth to improve the living conditions and quality of life within the country<br />the Government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up its utilities to greater private-sector involvement<br />
  17. 17. GENERAL ATTITUDES<br />Arabs are generally known for their informal, relaxed behaviour, good manners and consideration of others<br />the quality of sabur, which means both ‘patience’ and ‘steadfastness’ in adversity is much admired<br />in business situations, it may take some time before the topic of conversation is directed to your main reason for meeting, but this process should not be hurried<br />
  18. 18. BUSINESS ETIQUETTE<br />the working week traditionally starts on Saturday and it ends on Wednesday<br />people and relationships are more important than schedules and punctuality<br />many traditional attitudes and business practices are evolving towards Western approach, but it is still important to be aware and respectfulof some differences that might exist<br />
  19. 19. STRUCTURE IN EMIRATI COMPANIES<br />there is a strong vertical hierarchy in most Emirati companies<br />age, money and family connections are all key determining factors of a person’s status<br />it is not uncommon to find many members of one family working for the same company<br />
  20. 20. WORKING RELATIONSHIPS AND BUSINESS PRACTICE<br />people in the UAE prefer to do business in person<br />Emirati people prefer to do business with those they know<br />in line with Muslim customs, avoid shaking hands with a woman unless they extend their hand first<br />if you do intend to use business cards in the UAE, ensure that the information is printed in both English and Arabic<br />
  21. 21. DRESS ETIQUETTE<br />it is very common to wear traditional clothes-> codes of dress are determined by Islamic Law which requires modesty for both men and women<br />long skirts and sleeves are commonly worn by women<br />traditional clothing for men includes the white robe and a white head-cowering tied by a black headband<br />women should dress conservatively ensuring that the shoulders and knees are covered<br />
  22. 22. WOMEN<br />Emirati women are permitted to drive, work, own property and businesses and attend school and university, <br />women are not permitted to live alone or co-habitate with a member of the opposite sex outside of marriage<br />it is accepted that Western women may be involved in some official functions as part of a larger delegation<br />Emirati women will not usually be present at official events or meetings<br />
  23. 23. 8. Literature<br />Riding the Waves of Culture: Understanding Diversity in Global Business Second Edition, Fons Trompenaars, Charles Hampden-Turner<br />Internet<br />