Diabetes power point_presentation

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Diabetes power point_presentation

  1. 1. DIABETIC MELLITUSH O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  2. 2. H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  3. 3. .  At the end of the session each participant will be able to:  Know what is diabetic .  Understand the normal and abnormal blood sugar level.  Identify the causes of diabetic mellitus.  Know how to prevent high blood sugar.  Understand the significance of blood sugar (glucose ) in health promotion and disease prevention.  Discuss the importance of lifestyle changes in the management of blood sugar under control.  Understand the risks of untreated diabetic . 3 H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  4. 4. WHAT IS DIABETIC OR HIGH BLOOD SUGAR?H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 4
  5. 5.  Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes. DIABETES  It is a group of metabolic diseases in which person has high blood sugar , either because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is producedH O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 5
  6. 6. BLOOD SUGAR VALUESH O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 6
  7. 7. TYPES OF DIABETESTwo types mainly Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults.o In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed.o The exact cause is unknown. Type 2 diabetes makes up most of diabetes cases.o It most often occurs in adulthood, but teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it because of high obesity rates.o Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it. H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 7
  8. 8. Complications of diabetes Diabetic foot Your feet and skin can develop sores and infections. After a long time, your foot or leg may need to be removed. Infection can also cause pain and itching in other parts of the body.H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 8
  9. 9. Damage: Arteries diabetes are likely to develop plaque in their arteries, reducing blood flow and increasing risk of clots. This hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) raises the risk of heart attack and stroke.H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 9
  10. 10. Vision problems You could have eye problems, including trouble seeing (especially at night) and light sensitivity. You could become blind.H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 10
  11. 11. kidney damage High blood sugar and other problems can lead to kidney damage. The kidneys might not work as well, and they may even stop working 11H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  12. 12. IMPORTANT SINGS OF DIABETESH O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 12
  13. 13. OTHER SIGNS & SYMPTOMSH O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 13
  14. 14. How can we control our blood sugar? 14H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  15. 15. Follow the healthy eating plan that controls blood sugar. Eg: habits like drinking tea with out sugar. 15H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  16. 16. Be active a total of 30 minutes most days. Ask your doctor what activities are best for you. Before you going to start any exercise . 16H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  17. 17. Take your medicines as directed by doctor . Never skip a dose with out permission . 17H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  18. 18. Check your blood glucose . Each time you check your blood glucose, write the number in your record book. 18H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  19. 19. Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, sores, swell ing, redness, or sore toenails 19H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  20. 20. Control your blood pressure and cholesterol. Keep both values are in normal range .H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 20
  21. 21. Dont smoke. 21H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  22. 22. Living With diabetes • Ddiabetes is often a life-long condition . • Its important to take your medications and continue to monitor your blood sugar. • If you keep it under control, you can live longer 22 H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  23. 23. Type – I DiabetesThis condition results from lack of enough Insulin production, andrequires supplementation by Insulin, hence also called InsulinDependent Diabetes or IDDM. It generally affects the affectedperson at a younger age, often below thirty, hence also calledJuvenile Diabetes. It is believed to occur due to damage to Insulinproducing beta cells of Islet of Langerhans in Pancreas. The cause isnot fully understood, but in a large number of cases, it may be due toabnormal immune reaction of the body that is precipitated bycertain virus infection. Coxsackie B4 virus has been implicated inmany studies. Genetic predisposition of the individual may alsomake the person vulnerable to the occurrence of Type I Diabetes. Itoften leads to weight loss in spite of a very healthy appetite. Thishappens because the glucose absorbed from intestines is neithertaken up by cells for use, nor is it converted into fat by the fat cells.Type I Diabetes affects around 10% of all diabetic patients. 23 H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  24. 24. Type – II DiabetesThis is the far more common variety of Diabetes, affecting nearly 90% of allDiabetics, and is usually diagnosed in the latter part of life, leading to theterm Adult Onset Diabetes Mellitus (AODM). The primary defect in thiscondition lies in the inadequate responsiveness of the body cells to Insulin. Everycell has numerous ‘receptors’ with which Insulin present in blood binds to bringabout its impact. In Type II Diabetes, these receptors are defective because ofwhich the body does not respond to Insulin, a condition also termed InsulinResistance. As time goes by, the body attempts to overcome the defect byproducing more and more of Insulin and gradually a phase of Insulin depletionsets in, worsening the condition even further. The exact cause of this condition isalso not known, but there are many factors that increase the risk of itsdevelopment. Most important of them is body weight, and hence reducing weightis one of the best ways to prevent or control Diabetes. There is a very strong role ofgenetic predisposition here too, perhaps even more than Type I variety. Thetreatment strategy of this type is different from Type I Diabetes, and primarilyinvolves weight reduction, dietary control, exercise and oral hypoglycemicmedicines. Only If Diabetes is not controlled with them, then Insulin may need tobe given. Hence it is also called Non Insulin Dependent DiabetesMellitus or NIDDM. 24 H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C .
  25. 25. H O T E N G I N E E R I N G & C O N S T R C U T I O N C O . K . S . C . C . 25

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