It is Ferdinand Magellan who arrived in the Philippines to head aSpanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521.Magellan never completed the journey by himself; he was then killedin an encounter with natives in the Philippines after having claimedthe Philippines is for Spain.
Baptism of King Humabon Gift of Magellan to Queen Juana
However, Magellan’s plans to claim the whole of the Philippines Islands forSpain encountered stiff resistance from other natives, particularly fromLapu-Lapu, the chieftain of neighboring Mactan Island. In what is known asthe Battle of Mactan that was fought on April 27, 1521, Magellan and his 100soldiers fought Lapu-Lapu and his 1,000 warriors. Clearlyoutnumbered, Magellan and most of his soldiers were killed.
In 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs or what we called the datus. Spain’s primary aim and intention in the Philippines was to spread their religion the Roman Catholicism.
Laguna Copperplate Many missionary works in the Philippines were pushed by the Spaniards, for them to help the natives toward the advancement of education, culture, and architecture. It was also at this point when the Spanish missionaries tried to eliminate the ancient written literature of the Filipinos. Because of thedestruction of ancient writings, in their eagerness to erase the previous cultural records of the Philippines, only the orally transmitted literature has survived.
The Philippines were named Royal Audienciaafter King Philip II of Spain. During the colonization of the Spaniards in the Philippines they Centralized and form a government and Divided into two units; The Central government in which the King entrusted the colony to the governor-general, who had the highest position in the government. The Royal Audiencia was the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
The Residencia and the Visitador were the special courts thatinvestigated on the conduct of the governor-general and other high-ranking Spanish officials. Local Government (provinces, cities, townsand barrios) The provinces were divided into two; Alcaldia whichrecognized Spains possession over the land. Corregimiento wherethe people had not succumbed to its ruling power. Ayuntamiento orthe city government was the center of the society, religion, culture andbusiness. The pueblo was governed by the gobernadorcillo, thehighest position for Filipino politicians and the Cabeza de Barangaygoverned the barrios. During the Spanish regime, there was union ofchurch and state; The governor-general had power over the church.The friars, on the other hand, played a very important role in thegovernment. The Archbishop was only the most powerful in thechurch. However, it seemed that the church exercised more powerthan the government and because of this; the government in thePhilippines was called "Frailocracia," a government controlled by thefriars.
References;Teodoro A. Agoncillo, (1990). History of the Filipino People.(8th Edition) Quezon City: Garotech Publishing Company.Michael R. Irwin, Philippine Historyhttp://www.livecebu.com/philhistory.htmPhilippine History (2012), http://www.philippine-history.org/The Spanish Era in the Philippines (2010),http://history.factoidz.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/http://www.philippinecountry.com/philippine_history/spanish_colonization.htmlPhilippines History (2008),http://kwentongpinas.wordpress.com/tag/spanish-period-in-the-philippines/Paul Morrow (2002), Baybayin The Ancient Script of thePhilippines http://www.mts.net/~pmorrow/bayeng1.htm