Sex and Gender: What is the difference?

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Sex and Gender: What is the difference?

MCHIP Pannel

CORE Group Spring Meeting, April 28, 2010

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Sex and Gender: What is the difference?

  1. 1. BIOLOGICALLY- DETERMINED DIFFERENCES: SEX Sex and Gender: What is the difference? Health <ul><li>ANATOMICAL/PHYSIOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENCES </li></ul><ul><li>GENETIC SUSCEPTIBILITIES </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTANCES/IMMUNITIES </li></ul><ul><li>NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>VULNERABILITIES </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIALLY-CONSTRUCTED DIFFERENCES: GENDER </li></ul><ul><li>ROLES </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSIBILITIES </li></ul><ul><li>BEHAVIORS </li></ul><ul><li>EXPECTATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>POWER </li></ul><ul><li>ACCESS </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>ENTITLEMENT </li></ul>Lower status for women Higher status for men
  2. 2. <ul><li>Concept of ‘child’ not informative beyond identifying ‘age’; every child is first a girl or a boy with associated gender related expections and gender biases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in access to food, education, love, and health care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And, mothers’ perception of gender worth may color: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>recognition of seriousness of illness </li></ul><ul><li>amount of resources to expend on the child </li></ul><ul><li>what kind of medicine best for child </li></ul>What does this mean for children?
  3. 3. How? Equity and Need <ul><li>To attain equity in health, it is important to recognize that females and males have different needs and constraints due both to biology and gender that must be identified and adequately addressed . </li></ul>
  4. 4. How? G ender Analysis is a Must! <ul><li>Gender analysis helps to identify the differences and disparities in the roles that men and women play, the power imbalances in their relations, their needs, constraints, and opportunities , and the impact of these differences on their likelihood of getting infected, accessing care, and recovering. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How? Gender Analysis Framework for HIV <ul><li>Step 1 : Know the gender structure of your community: </li></ul><ul><li>Gender norms regarding behavior, gender relations, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Values : Are women and men equally valued? </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes towards and perpetration of GBV </li></ul><ul><li>Roles : Productive and reproductive </li></ul><ul><li>Access to education, information, media, resources </li></ul><ul><li>Control over resources : patterns of decisionmaking </li></ul><ul><li>Health service delivery : Availability, gender norms in access and health delivery </li></ul>
  6. 6. How? Gender Analysis Framework for Health For women and men separately, fill the matrix: Source: See references on last slide In relation to HIV: How do gender norms/values/ roles/activities affect: How does experience/ perpetration of GBV affect: How do access to and control over resources affect: How do bio-logical differences between sexes affect: Vulnerability Prevention and treatment options Health-seeking behavior/access to services Experience with health services and providers Outcome of health problem Consequences

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