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9 anti-patterns 
for node.js teams 
Jeff Harrell 
@juxtajeff
Node first went live on paypal.com in 2013. 
Since: 
• 35 apps live (marketing, signup, 
account, payments, etc). 
• 400 n...
Anti-pattern #1 
Baggage from your previous technology
• "Node doesn't support x. It won’t work" 
• “How do I deal with npm version conflicts?” 
• “Can’t let the app restart. It...
Leave your baggage behind." 
! 
Except when you’re flying
Anti-pattern #2 
Monolithic applications
• Use an internal npm instance 
• Publish modules vs. embedding functionality 
• Don’t overload modules – compose them 
Pr...
Build with many blocks, not one."
Anti-pattern #3 
Googling “How to do x in JavaScript”
• jQuery results dominate search engines 
• Understand ES5 
• Be aware of what’s coming in ES6
Learn JavaScript before diving in." 
!
Anti-pattern #4 
Handling errors
• Use an Error object, not a string 
• Throwing is for programmer errors 
• Restart on uncaught exception vs ignoring it
Error cases are hard." 
! 
Make sure to deal with them
Anti-pattern #5 
Wrapping everything in promises
• Use for the right reasons (not throw or waterfall) 
• Modules should expose callback interfaces 
• Use promises sparingl...
Callbacks." 
! 
Seriously
Anti-pattern #6 
Git URLs in your package.json
• Git URLs don’t fully leverage semver 
• Weird caching issues 
• Unstable state (akin to force overwriting in npm)
Publish to npm." 
! 
Set it up internally and use it
Anti-pattern #7 
Sloppy async code
• Understand control flow patterns 
• Don’t create crazy waterfalls 
Hoist functions 
Use promises (appropriately) 
Use as...
Use good async patterns." 
! 
Queue funny mis-ordered async sentence
Anti-pattern #8 
Having node do everything
• SSL termination should be done by nginx 
• Heavy encryption is not for node 
• Don’t bind directly to port 80/443 
“How ...
Best tool, meet job." 
!
Anti-pattern #9 
Ignoring the node ecosystem
• npm has a wealth of pre-written code 
• Get updates from community, e.g. Node Security 
• Conferences like this
Embrace your new community." 
! 
Warning: May contain drama
Thanks!" 
! 
Q&A is over drinks later!
Photo Credits 
1. https://www.flickr.com/photos/11334694@N00/268023465/ 
2. https://www.flickr.com/photos/14125773@N00/142...
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9 anti-patterns for node.js teams

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9 anti-patterns for teams moving to node.js. Learn from the experience we've had in adopting node.js at PayPal.

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9 anti-patterns for node.js teams

  1. 9 anti-patterns for node.js teams Jeff Harrell @juxtajeff
  2. Node first went live on paypal.com in 2013. Since: • 35 apps live (marketing, signup, account, payments, etc). • 400 new JavaScript engineers • 500,000 npm installs per day (internally) Made a good deal of mistakes to learn from
  3. Anti-pattern #1 Baggage from your previous technology
  4. • "Node doesn't support x. It won’t work" • “How do I deal with npm version conflicts?” • “Can’t let the app restart. It takes too long”
  5. Leave your baggage behind." ! Except when you’re flying
  6. Anti-pattern #2 Monolithic applications
  7. • Use an internal npm instance • Publish modules vs. embedding functionality • Don’t overload modules – compose them Prefer different user, credit card and bank modules Avoid a single “shared” module
  8. Build with many blocks, not one."
  9. Anti-pattern #3 Googling “How to do x in JavaScript”
  10. • jQuery results dominate search engines • Understand ES5 • Be aware of what’s coming in ES6
  11. Learn JavaScript before diving in." !
  12. Anti-pattern #4 Handling errors
  13. • Use an Error object, not a string • Throwing is for programmer errors • Restart on uncaught exception vs ignoring it
  14. Error cases are hard." ! Make sure to deal with them
  15. Anti-pattern #5 Wrapping everything in promises
  16. • Use for the right reasons (not throw or waterfall) • Modules should expose callback interfaces • Use promises sparingly in hot code 27% of CPU time spent in promise execution
  17. Callbacks." ! Seriously
  18. Anti-pattern #6 Git URLs in your package.json
  19. • Git URLs don’t fully leverage semver • Weird caching issues • Unstable state (akin to force overwriting in npm)
  20. Publish to npm." ! Set it up internally and use it
  21. Anti-pattern #7 Sloppy async code
  22. • Understand control flow patterns • Don’t create crazy waterfalls Hoist functions Use promises (appropriately) Use async • Callback with code afterwards, but no return if (true) { callback(); } fallback();
  23. Use good async patterns." ! Queue funny mis-ordered async sentence
  24. Anti-pattern #8 Having node do everything
  25. • SSL termination should be done by nginx • Heavy encryption is not for node • Don’t bind directly to port 80/443 “How do I enable gzip?” “How do I add an SSL cert to my app?”
  26. Best tool, meet job." !
  27. Anti-pattern #9 Ignoring the node ecosystem
  28. • npm has a wealth of pre-written code • Get updates from community, e.g. Node Security • Conferences like this
  29. Embrace your new community." ! Warning: May contain drama
  30. Thanks!" ! Q&A is over drinks later!
  31. Photo Credits 1. https://www.flickr.com/photos/11334694@N00/268023465/ 2. https://www.flickr.com/photos/14125773@N00/14205159881/ 3. https://www.flickr.com/photos/60364452@N00/3921008904/ 4. https://www.flickr.com/photos/83099438@N00/5902730038 5. https://www.flickr.com/photos/82402200@N00/523497824/ 6. https://www.flickr.com/photos/48553010@N00/113694992/ 7. https://www.flickr.com/photos/46889122@N03/4304137088/ 8. https://www.flickr.com/photos/39039882@N00/5189290606/ 9. https://www.flickr.com/photos/43145783@N00/1852428153/

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