THREE-FIFTH COMPROMISE SLAVE TRADE COMPROMISES In southern states, slaves were to be counted as 3/5ths of a whole person for both tax and population for representation. This also meant they were considered 2/5ths property. Congress could not pass laws outlawing the import of slave labor from other countries until 1808. Also, northern states were required to return slaves who escaped to free states.
A VERY FRAGILE UNION The young nation was at risk of dividing into three smaller countries based on regions with similar needs and characteristics. The delegates decided to make what ever compromises were necessary to keep the nation one large country. N. S. W.
SHOULD CONSTITUTION PASS? THE NEXT GREAT DEBATE
JEFFERSON HAMILTON Against Constitution Supported Constitution Against Powerful Govt. Support Powerful Govt. Against Big Business Support Big Business More Power to State Govt. More Power to Federal G. Support Middle Class Support Wealthy Class All Men Should Vote Rich Men Should Vote Democratic Party Founder Republican Party Founder ANTIFEDERALISTS FEDERALISTS S T A T E S U N I T E D
JEFFERSON “ We need the be careful with a powerful central government. It would be better to keep most of the power under the control of the states. The government should support the common population.”
HAMILTON “ We need a strong powerful central government that can help the United States become a world power. The majority of the power should be controlled by the federal government which should support the needs of wealthy Americans.”
JAMES MADISON Father of the Constitution Bill of Rights Compromise
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH CONGRESS JUDICIAL BRANCH SUPREME COURT EXECUTIVE BRANCH PRESIDENT Appoints Judges to Supreme Court May Veto Bills Passed by Congress Unconstitutional Actions of President Can Declare Laws Unconstitutional May Impeach S. Court Justices May Override Presidential Veto CHECKS AND BALANCES
FEDERALISM - Power is shared on several levels of government to handle problems and represent the public’s needs and interests. STATE LOCAL President Bush Governor Rendell Mayor Pettyjohn FEDERAL