The roots of Egyptian civilization go back more
than 6,000 years to the beginning of settled life
along the banks of the Nile River. The country
has an unusual geographical and cultural unity
that has given the people a strong sense of
identity and a pride in their heritage as
descendants of humankind's earliest civilized
King Menes, the glorious Pharaonic Age
began. Power was centralized in the hands of
a pharaoh, and, thus, the country became
the first organized society.
• The ancient Egyptians were the first people of
antiquity to believe in life after death.
• They were the first to build in stone and to
fashion the arch in stone and brick.
• Even before the unification of the Two
Lands, they had developed a plough and a
system of writing.
• They were accomplished sailors and
• They learned to chart the heavens in order to
predict the Nile flood.
• Their physicians prescribed healing remedies
and performed surgical operations.
• They sculpted in stone and decorated the
walls of their tombs with naturalistic murals in
Tutankhamun, the 11th pharaoh of the 18th
dynasty of Ancient Egypt, was unremarkable, is
famous due to the discovery of his completely
intact tomb by the British archaeologist
Howard Carter in 1922.
The discovery of Tutankhamun's mummy
revealed that he was about 17 when he
died and was likely to have inherited the
throne at the age of eight or nine.
Uncertainty still surrounds his
death. He may have been
assassinated, or died as the
result of an injury received
Nefertiti(ca. 1370 BC – ca. 1330 BC) was the
Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of the Egyptian
Pharaoh Akhenaten. Nefertiti and her husband were
known for a religious revolution, in which they
worshiped one god only, Aten, or the sun disc.
Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
• He is often regarded as the greatest, most
celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the