Paris Peace Talks: The Leaders

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  • Germany’s population was 50% bigger than France’s and Clemenceau wanted above all else to protect France from another invasion. The French thought the USA would come to her aid in such an event – but in the 1920s America retreated into isolationism.
  • Paris Peace Talks: The Leaders

    1. 1. The Playas at the Paris Peace Talks J Marshall 2009
    2. 2. The Peace Process <ul><li>Opened 12 January, 1919 – Wilson was welcomed as a royal hero by the French </li></ul><ul><li>32 world leaders in total </li></ul><ul><li>5 main allies: UK, USA, FR , Italy (Japan) Wilson and Clemenceau represented the two poles of the Allied position </li></ul><ul><li>5 treaties; one per Central Power loser </li></ul><ul><li>(we usually focus on Versailles) </li></ul>
    3. 3. 5 Different Peace Treaties Versailles = Germany St Germain = Aus/Hun Trianon = Hungary Neully = Bulgaria Serves = Turkey (All named after Paris suburbs)
    4. 4. President Woodrow Wilson the idealist <ul><li>14 Points = USA war aims </li></ul><ul><li>Father of the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel Peace Prize </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty defeated by his own Congress = </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Isolationism </li></ul>
    5. 5. David Lloyd George the pragmatist <ul><li>Public Image: </li></ul><ul><li>Make ‘em pay! </li></ul><ul><li>Privately : a weak Germany may allow Bolshevism to spread </li></ul>
    6. 6. Georges Clemenceau the realist <ul><li>We must drive the Boche to his knees! </li></ul><ul><li>They call me “Tiger” </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson is too academic </li></ul><ul><li>If Germany can’t pay, we’ll get to stay in the Rhineland. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Vittorio Orlando the indignant <ul><li>Hey Guys, what about me?… </li></ul><ul><li>Italy’s limited military ability in 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Tainted image from time in Triple Alliance </li></ul>

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