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Each country, group, society, community even in our family represent a leader with different types of governance different styles, approaches, principles strategies in dealing with… What does this person do and what qualities does this person have that make you admire him or her as a leader
LEADERSHIP STYLES AND EXAMPLES
Leadership Styles: Autocratic
O does not consult employees for input
O subordinates expected to obey orders without
O motivation provided through structured rewards
O possess total authority and impose their will on
O countries such as Cuba and North Korea
operate under the autocratic leadership style.
O this leadership style benefits employees who
require close supervision.
O Creative employees who thrive in group
functions detest this leadership style.
"I WILL ALWAYS CHOOSE A LAZY PERSON TO DO A
DIFFECULT JOB, BECAUSE HE WILL FIND AN EASY WAY
TO DO IT" -Bill Gates
"I'm not bossy I just know what you should
Leadership Styles: Bureaucratic
O Manager manages “by the book¨
O If it isn’t covered by the book, the
manager refers to the next level above
him or her
O Everything must be done according to
procedure or policy
O Police officer more than leader
Leadership Styles: Democratic
O Often referred to as participative style
O Keeps employees informed
O Shares decision making and problem
O “Coach” who has the final say, but…
O Gathers information from staff members
before making decisions
O Leadership boosts employee morale
because employees make contributions to
the decision-making process.
O When a company needs to make changes within the
organization, the participative leadership style helps
employees accept changes easily because they play a role in
O This style meets challenges when companies need to make a
decision in a short period.
O Help employees evaluate their own performance
O Allows employees to establish goals
O Encourages employees to grow on the job and be promoted
O Recognizes and encourages achievement
O Can produce high quality and high quantity work for long
periods of time
"Leader don’t create more followers, they create
more leaders" Tom Peters
Leadership Styles: Coercive
OPower from a person’s authority to punish
OMost obvious types of power a leader has.
OGood leaders use coercive power only as
a last resort:
O In today’s sophisticated and complex
workplace, excessive use of coercive power
unleashes unpredictable and destabilizing
forces which can ultimately undermine the
leader using it.
Leadership Styles: Transactional
O Motivate followers by appealing to their own
O Motivate by the exchange process.
O EX: business owners exchange status and wages for
the work effort of the employee.
O Focuses on the accomplishment of tasks &
good worker relationships in exchange for
O Encourage leader to adapt their style and
behavior to meet expectations of followers
O Managers using the transactional leadership style receive
certain tasks to perform and provide rewards or
punishments to team members based on performance
O Managers and team members set predetermined goals
together, and employees agree to follow the direction and
leadership of the manager to accomplish those goals.
O The manager possesses power to review results and train
or correct employees when team members fail to meet
O Employees receive rewards, such as bonuses, when they
Leadership Styles: Transformational
O Charismatic and visionary
O Inspire followers to transcend their self-interest
for the organization
O Appeal to followers' ideals and values
O Inspire followers to think about problems in new
or different ways
O Common strategies used to influence followers
include vision and framing
O Instils feelings of confidence, admiration and
O Stimulates followers intellectually, arousing them
to develop new ways to think about problems.
O Uses contingent rewards to positively reinforce
O Flexible and innovative.
When to use Transformational
O When leaders want members to be an active
part of the organization and have ownership to
O When leaders are building a sense of purpose
O When the organization has a long term plan
O When people need to be motivated
"(He) possessed the gift of
(Comment by President John Adams about George Washington)
Leadership Styles: Laissez-Faire
O Also known as the “hands-off¨ style
O Little or no direction
O Gives followers as much freedom as possible
O All authority or power is given to the followers
O Followers must determine goals, make
decisions, and resolve problems on their own.
O Employees are highly skilled, experienced, and
O Employees have pride in their work and the drive to
do it successfully on their own
O Outside experts, such as staff specialists or
consultants are being used
O Employees are trustworthy and experienced
When to use Laissez-Faire
Other Referenced Theories
Theory X and Theory Y
O Theory X and Theory Y each represent
different ways in which leaders view
O Theory X is the traditional view of direction
and control by managers.
O Theory Y is the view that individual and
organizational goals can be integrated
Tight control, lots
of rules, no
Other Referenced TheoriesOther Referenced Theories
OBased on the amount of direction (task-
behavior) and amount of socio-emotional
support (relationship-behavior) a leader
must provide given the situation and the
"level of maturity" of the followers.
Selecting a Style
O Some people are motivated by reward
O Some people are motivated by
O Social systems work best with a chain of
O When people have agreed to do a job, a
part of the deal is that they cede
authority to their leader