Mini2

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  • Mini2

    1. 1. Modality & Redundancy Created by Jedediah Smith Based on chapters 5 & 6 of e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning (2 nd Edition) by Clark and Mayer
    2. 2. Objective Determine if a multimedia presentation correctly applies modality and redundancy.
    3. 3. Modality Principle Visual Phonetic Sensory Working Eyes Ears Memory Systems Images Written Words
    4. 4. Modality Principle Continued Visual Phonetic Sensory Working Eyes Ears Memory Systems Images Spoken Words
    5. 5. Times The Modality Principle May Not Improve Effectiveness <ul><li>Technology restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Expense to great </li></ul><ul><li>Images and text not simultaneous </li></ul><ul><li>Text needs to remain available </li></ul>
    6. 6. Redundancy Principle Visual Phonetic Sensory Working Eyes Ears Memory Systems Images Written Words Spoken Words
    7. 7. Times The Redundancy Principle May Not Improve Effectiveness <ul><li>No images </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of time </li></ul><ul><li>Complex spoken words </li></ul>
    8. 8. Assessment (Part 1) Which of the following correctly applies the Modality Principle? “ The radius of a circle is the distance from any point of the outside of the circle to the center. The diameter is the distance from a point on the outside of the circle to the point exactly opposite.” A. Words are Spoken B. Words are Printed
    9. 9. Assessment (Part 1) Solution Which of the following correctly applies the Modality Principle? “ The radius of a circle is the distance from any point of the outside of the circle to the center. The diameter is the distance from a point on the outside of the circle to the point exactly opposite.” A. Words are Spoken B. Words are Printed
    10. 10. Assessment (Part 2) Which of the following correctly applies the Redundancy Principle? “ The radius of a circle is the distance from any point of the outside of the circle to the center. The diameter is the distance from a point on the outside of the circle to the point exactly opposite.” A. Words are Spoken and Printed B. Words are only Spoken
    11. 11. Assessment (Part 2) Which of the following correctly applies the Redundancy Principle? “ The radius of a circle is the distance from any point of the outside of the circle to the center. The diameter is the distance from a point on the outside of the circle to the point exactly opposite.” A. Words are Spoken and Printed B. Words are only Spoken

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