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Act Iii


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Act Iii

  1. 1. <ul><li>What news do we glean from this discussion? </li></ul><ul><li>What does Kent give the Gentleman and why? </li></ul>III,i – Kent speaks with a Gentleman
  2. 2. III,ii <ul><li>Where is Lear at this point in the play? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is he there? </li></ul><ul><li>Lear’s opening lines indicate he’s pretty angry with life in general. What does he say that indicates this? </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise the fools prophecy, 80-95 </li></ul>
  3. 3. III,iii <ul><li>Gloucester tells Edmund that French forces will invade, to revenge the poor treatment of Lear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whose side is Gloucester on? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When Gloucester has left the stage, what does Edmund tell us he will do with the information? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is meant by ‘ The younger rises when the old doth fall.’? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. LEAR’S MADNESS <ul><li>How mad is Lear throughout this play – give some percentage, then justify this. </li></ul><ul><li>Is he growing more mad or less mad as the play progresses? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the reason (if any) for his madness? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the following lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I, i, 295 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I, i, 297 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I,iv, 290 (note: is this cukoo mad, or some other variety? Are they linked?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>II, iv, 148-9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>III, ii, 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>III, ii, 67 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider Lear’s actions so far as well. </li></ul></ul>For each reference given… indicate the nature of the madness Find a quote to support what you say. Once you have answered for them all, what progression can you see?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Find 3 of the following quotes. For each, </li></ul><ul><li>Copy it down </li></ul><ul><li>Translate it into every-day English </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how it demonstrates Lear’s growing compassion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>III,ii, 67-73 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>III,ii, 59 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>III,iv, 26-8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>III,iv 28-36 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘… behold the great image of authority: a dog's obeyed in office. (IV,vi, 162) </li></ul></ul>Compassion
  6. 6. III,vi <ul><li>K (about Lear) ‘All the power of his wits have given way to his impatience. </li></ul>
  7. 7. III,vi <ul><li>Lear in his madness conducts a trial. </li></ul><ul><li>Who does he try? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this indicate about his madness (craziness) </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Lear shut up in this scene? </li></ul><ul><li>Lear tells us ‘We’ll go to supper i’ the morning.’ (83) The fool responds ‘And I’ll go to bed at noon.’ </li></ul><ul><li>What does this indicate about the entire Kingdom? What earlier words do these link to? </li></ul><ul><li>Find one quote that indicates Lear is completely mad at this point in the play. </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Edgar start to feel less sorry for himself? (103) </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Gloucester want to get Lear to a safe place? </li></ul>
  8. 8. III,vii <ul><li>Why is Gloucester seen as a traitor? </li></ul><ul><li>How has Edmund contributed to Gloucester’s eyes being plucked out? </li></ul><ul><li>How is Cornwall injured? </li></ul><ul><li>What does Gloucester discover as soon as his eyes are torn out? (89) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Lear turns Mad: Meter? <ul><li>Large chunks of the play have been in IAMBIC PENTAMETER. </li></ul><ul><li>˘ = weak </li></ul><ul><li>ˉ = strong </li></ul><ul><li>˘+ ˉ= one iamb. </li></ul><ul><li>Iambic pentameter is 5 iambs. So… </li></ul><ul><li>˘ ˉ ˘ ˉ ˘ ˉ ˘ ˉ ˘ ˉ … iambic pentameter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example… ‘Thou think’st ‘tis much that this contentious storm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invades us to the skin. So ‘tis to thee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But where the greater malady is fixed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The lesser is scarce felt. Thou’dst shun a bear,’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Lear III,iv, 6-9) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Why use meter? <ul><li>To be honest, who knows. But… here are two plausible suggestions… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iambic pentameter accompanies royalty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lear slips from royalty, and therefore as the play progresses, he gradually moves away from this. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meter = power. Lear becomes powerless, and stops using it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lear’s control of his meter indicates his sanity (or lack of) . So, we can track his sanity through his meter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When he is angry, Kent cuts in on his meter (I,i) Thus, the connection is made between anger and sanity) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When he goes mad on the heath, iii,iv he stops using it. Compare Lear 6 with Lear 105 </li></ul></ul></ul>