Postmozart

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Postmozart

  1. 1. Post Mozart Requiem<br />
  2. 2. Completed:<br /><ul><li>The opening movement (Requiem aeternam)</li></ul>Completed in all of the orchestral and vocal parts<br /><ul><li>Kyrie
  3. 3. Most of the Sequence</li></ul>Complete only in the vocal parts and the continuo (the figured organ bass)<br /><ul><li>Confutatis </li></ul>Violin part <br /><ul><li>Recordare</li></ul>Musical Bridges<br /><ul><li>Offertorium</li></ul>partially done <br /><ul><li>Domine Jesu Christe </li></ul>the vocal parts and continuo <br /><ul><li>The Hostias </li></ul>the vocal parts only<br />
  4. 4. The Story<br />The eccentric count Franz von Walsegg commissioned the Requiem from Mozart anonymously through intermediaries acting on his behalf. The count, an amateur chamber musician who routinely commissioned works by composers and passed them off as his own, wanted a Requiem mass he could claim he composed to memorialize the recent passing of his wife. Mozart received only half of the payment in advance, so upon his death his widow Constanze was keen to have the work completed secretly by someone else, submit it to the count as having been completed by Mozart and collect the final payment.<br />
  5. 5. Joseph von Eybler<br />Additions:<br /><ul><li>worked on the movements from the Dies irae up until the Lacrimosa</li></ul>In addition, a striking similarity between the openings of the Domne Jesu Christe movements in the requiems of the two composers suggests that Eybler at least looked at later sections. Following this work, he felt unable to complete the remainder, and gave the manuscript back to Constanze Mozart.<br />
  6. 6. Franz XaverSüssmayr<br />Additions:<br /><ul><li>added his own orchestration to the movements from the Dies Irae onward
  7. 7. completed the Lacrimosa
  8. 8. added several new movements which a Requiem would normally comprise: Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Dei
  9. 9. Luxaeterna</li></ul>Other composers may have helped Süssmayr. The elder composer Maximilian Stadler is suspected of having completed the orchestration of the Domine Jesu for Süssmayr. The Agnus Dei is suspected by some scholars to have been based on instruction or sketches from Mozart because of its similarity to a section from the Gloria of a previous Mass (K. 220) by Mozart, as was first pointed out by Richard Maunder. Many of the arguments dealing with this matter, though, center on the perception that if part of the work is high quality, it must have been written by Mozart (or from sketches), and if part of the work contains errors and faults, it must have been all Süssmayr's doing. A frequent meta-debate is whether or not this is a fair way to judge the authorship of the parts of the work.<br />
  10. 10. The completed score, initially by Mozart but largely finished by Süssmayr, was then dispatched to Count Walsegg complete with a counterfeited signature of Mozart and dated 1792. The various complete and incomplete manuscripts eventually turned up in the 19th century, but many of the figures involved did not leave unambiguous statements on record as to how they were involved in the affair. Despite the controversy over how much of the music is actually Mozart's, the commonly performed Süssmayr version has become widely accepted by the public. <br />
  11. 11. Constanze<br />Constanze had a difficult task in front of her. She had to keep secret the fact that the Requiem was unfinished at Mozart's death, so she could collect the final payment from the commission. For a period of time, she also needed to keep secret the fact that Süssmayr had anything to do with the composition of the Requiem at all in order to allow Count Walsegg the impression that Mozart wrote the work entirely himself. Once she received the commission, she needed to carefully promote the work as Mozart's so she could continue to receive revenue from the work's publication and performance. During this phase of the Requiem's history, it was still important that the public accepted that Mozart wrote the whole piece, as it would fetch larger sums from publishers and the public if it were completely by Mozart.<br />

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