History and Evolution of Nursing Jed Montayre, RN, MSN, PhD(c)
HOW DID NURSING START? WHERE DID IT BEGIN? WHO FOUNDED NURSING? WHAT IS NURSING? ______________________________?
ANCIENTCIVILIZATIONNURSING WAS NOTED TO BE AS OLDAS TIME.IT BASICALLY STARTED FROM : INSTINCT- HUMAN NATURE NURTURING CARING NURSING
EGYPTIAN RITESHEALTH AND HEALING BELIEFS OFANCIENT CIVILIZATION.SUPERSTITION AND BLACK MAGICINJURIES FROM WARS AND OTHERTRAGIC EVENTS.
BIBLICAL RECORDSJESUS HEALING THE WOUNDED ANDTHE INFLICTEDGOOD SAMARITAN LAW
CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATIONS AND ORDERS “CRUSADES”Knights of St. John of Jerusalem Sisters of Charity• a.k.a Knights of Hospitallers • Established by St. Vincent de Paul in France• Decendants are the Knights Templars• The first nursing orders – Monastic Order of St. Augustine
CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATION AND ORDERSOrder of the Deaconesses Founders of the Order• Founded in Kaiserwerth, Germany. • Kaiserwerth Institute for Deaconesses• Recognised the role of women in taking care for the sick.• Initiated the establishment of training school for nurses.• Founders of the training school : Pastor Theodore Fliedner & Frederika Fliedner (wife) ..and one of the students of this training school is …
A lady named…Florence Nightingale• An English lady from a wealthy family during the Victorian era• During the Crimean War- known to be the “Lady with the Lamp”• A nursing theorist, writer and statistician.
Prior to Florence Nightingale Is the Dark Age for Nursing because…Nursing is considered as Who are the nurses?• A very low job in terms of social hierarchy. • Women of lowest social standing• A job for the uneducated and poor. • Wayward women of low status, instead of• A desperate occupation. going to prison, they were asked to served as nurses. • monastic women or untrained helpers of low repute. • Poor unmarried woman with no family or no chance of getting married.
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALEChanged the image of nursing• Dubbed as the “Lady with the Lamp”
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALENOTES on NURSING(1859)“What it isand What it is not”
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE Nightingale Training School at St.School of Nursing Thomas’ Hospital• In 1860, Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing when the first school of nursing was established.
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALEEnvironmental TheoryMaintaing the a safe andclean environment toPromote well-being
Transformation of Nursing into a ProfessionNightingale Nurses• Linda Richards- the first American trained Nurse (1870) became a great nursing pioneer in USA and Japan.• Some nurses became the matrons at several leading hospital (St. Mary’s, Westmisnter Hospital, Royal Victoria Hospital, Sydney Hospital)
Transformation of Nursing into a ProfessionNightingale describes Nursing as:SCIENCE ARTNursing is a body of scientific Nursing has its own wayknowledge using empirics. proper way of doing things and applying knowledge. (Example the interaction between a health consumer and the nurse)
Milestones in NursingTraining and Education• Development and Establishments of Nursing Schools all over the world.
Milestones in NursingRegulating Agency/ Body• Existence of Regulating Body for Nurses that sets that the conduct of nurses and regulates safe nursing practice
Milestones in NursingA Professional Organization• Development of Nursing Organizations from local to international levels
Milestones in NursingContinuing Education• Continuing professional education and training for nurses for competency(Trainings, Masters degree inNursing, Doctorate in Nursing)
Milestones in NursingPublication• Nursing has a voice, has free medium of expression and has the right to be heard in the discussion of issues pertaining to the healthcare delivery system and the like
Milestones in NursingCommunity Involvement• Nursing has extended roles and has various participation in the community service and industry.
Milestones in NursingCommunity Service Eg. Health Expo
Milestones in NursingDevelopment of New NursingKnowledge• Development of Nursing Theory and applied it into nursing practice.
Milestones in NursingInvolvement in Researchand geared researchoutputs results towardsEvidenced-Based Practice.
Is Nursing A Profession? A VERYYES NOBLE PROFESSION
WHY DO WE SAY SO?WHAT MAKES NURSING APROFESSION?Characteristics of a professionEducation and Training ✔Regulating Body ✔Code of Ethics ✔Professional Organization ✔Publication and Representation ✔Research and Application (EBP) ✔Autonomy ✔
INDEED NURSING IS A PROFESSION.…THEREFORE EVERY NURSE IS EXPECTED TO HAVEPROFESSIONALISM.
HOW ABOUT THE NURSES OF TODAY?WHAT WILL YOU BECOME THREE YEARS FROMNOW?
Through the years…Nursing has gone a long way Because of her legacy.. FLORENCE NIGHTINGCALE Founder of Modern Nursing
LONDON, "May, 1872.FOR us who Nurse, our Nursing is athing, which,unless in it we are making progressevery year,every month, every week, take my wordfor itwe are going back.The more experience we gain, the moreprogresswe can make. The progress you make inyouryears training with us is as nothing towhat youmust make every year after your yearstrainingis over. -Florence Nightingale
THANK YOU! Jed Ray Montayre, RN, MSN, PhD(c) February 2013