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# Buspro infosheet3.1

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### Buspro infosheet3.1

1. 1.   Businesses must make a profit to survive To make a profit, income must be higher than expenditure (or costs) Income Costs £50,000 £40,000 Income Costs £50,000 £60,000 Profit £10,000 Loss £10,000
2. 2. There are two types of costs:  Variable costs increase by a step every time an extra product is sold (eg cost of ice cream cornets in ice cream shop)  Fixed costs have to be paid even if no products are sold (eg rent of ice cream shop)
3. 3.   Variable + fixed costs = total costs When total costs = sales revenue, this is called the break-even point, eg › total costs = £5,000 › total sales revenue = £5,000  At this point the business isn’t making a profit or a loss – it is simply breaking even.
4. 4. Tom can hire an ice-cream van for an afternoon at a summer fete. The van hire will be £100 and the cost of cornets, ice cream etc will 50p per ice cream. Tom thinks a sensible selling price will be £1.50. At this price, how many ice-creams must he sell to cover his costs? Calculating this will help Tom to decide if the idea is worthwhile.
5. 5. Cost/Revenue £ Tom's ice creams 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 100 200 Number sold 300
6. 6. Cost/Revenue £ Tom's ice creams 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Fixed Cost 0 100 200 Number sold 300
7. 7. Cost/Revenue £ Tom's ice creams 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Total Cost Fixed Cost 0 100 200 Number sold 300
8. 8. Cost/Revenue £ Tom's ice creams 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Sales Revenue Total Cost Fixed Cost 0 100 200 Number sold 300
9. 9. Cost/Revenue £ Tom's ice creams 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Profit Sales Revenue Total Cost Fixed Cost Loss Break-even point 0 100 200 Number sold 300
10. 10. These vary, depending upon the type of business. Typical costs include:   Variable: materials, labour, energy Fixed: rent, business rates, interest on loans, insurance, staff costs (e.g. security)
11. 11. The break-even point = Fixed costs (Selling price per unit minus variable cost per unit) IMPORTANT: No need to learn this. The formula is given on the assessment paper if you need it.
12. 12. Fixed costs (Selling price per unit minus variable cost per unit) Tom: £100 (£1.50 – 50p) = 100