Audubon's Predecessors - Braddock

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Audubon's Predecessors - Braddock

  1. 1. Audubon and his Predecessors: Catesby and Wilson
  2. 2. “Scala naturae” (Great Chain of Being), Didacus Valdes, Rhetorica Christiana, 1579
  3. 3. Leonardo da Vinci, bird studies, c. 1500
  4. 4. Leonardo da Vinci, designs for flying machines, c. 1500
  5. 5. Ulisse Aldrovandi, Ornithologiae (Bologna, 1599)
  6. 6. Watercolor for Ulisse Aldrovandi, Ornithologiae (Bologna, 1599)
  7. 7. John White, Head of a Brown Pelican, 1585-93 Watercolor over graphite on paper, 18.5 x 22.4 cm., British Museum
  8. 8. John White, Flamingo, 1585-1593 John James Audubon, American Flamingo, 18 Watercolor over graphite on paper, 29.6 x 19.7 cm., British Museum, London Watercolor, New-York Historical Society
  9. 9. John White, Flamingo, 1585-1593 Robert Havell after Audubon, American Flamingo, 1838 Watercolor on paper, British Museum, London Hand-colored engraving, 38 ¼ x 25 ½ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 431
  10. 10. Mark Catesby, Flamingo, 1729-43 Robert Havell after Audubon, American Flamingo, 1838 Hand-colored etching, 13 ¾ x 10 ¼ in., from The Natural History of Carolina, Hand-colored engraving, 38 ¼ x 25 ½ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 431 Florida, and the Bahama Islands, 1731-43, vol. 1, pl. 73
  11. 11. Carolus Linnaeus (Carl von Linné), Systema Naturae, 1735
  12. 12. Mark Catesby, Fishing Hawk, from The Natural History of John James Audubon, Fish Hawk or Osprey, 1806 Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands, 1731-43 Houghton Library, Harvard University
  13. 13. Mark Catesby, White Ibis, from The Robert Havell after John James Audubon, White Ibis, 1834 Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and Hand-colored engraving, 26 x 20 ¾ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 222 the Bahama Islands, 1731-43
  14. 14. William Bartram, Great Alachua Savana, 1765 Ink on paper, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia
  15. 15. Lawson after Alexander Wilson, Carolina Parrot, Havell after Audubon, Carolina Parakeet, 1825 from American Ornithology, pl. 26 Hand-colored engraving, 33 ¼ x 23 ½ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 26
  16. 16. John James Audubon, White-headed Eagle, 1828 Hand-colored engraving, 37 x 25 ¼ in., from The Birds of America, plate 31
  17. 17. Lawson after Wilson, White-headed Eagle, 1811 Havell after Audubon, White-headed Eagle, 1828 Hand-colored engraving, 10 x 13 ¼ in., from Wilson, American Ornithology, vol. 4, pl. 36 Hand-colored engraving, 37 x 25 ¼ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 31
  18. 18. Lawson after Wilson, White-headed Eagle, 1811 Havell after Audubon, White-headed Eagle, 1828 Hand-colored engraving, 10 x 13 ¼ in., from Wilson, American Ornithology, vol. 4, pl. 36 Hand-colored engraving, 37 x 25 ¼ in., from The Birds of America, pl. 31 American Bald Eagle, collected by Alexander Wilson in Egg Harbor, NJ, prepared by Charles Willson Peale, c.1811 Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University American Bald Eagle, prepared by member of the Peale family for Peale Museum, c.1805 Independence National Historical Park Museum, Philadelphia
  19. 19. Audubon, White-headed Eagle, 1828 Hand-colored engraving, 37 x 25 ¼ in., from The Birds of America, plate 31 John James Audubon, Wild Turkey, 1825 Watercolor and graphite on paper, 38 ¾ x 26 in., New-York Historical Society Charles Willson Peale, The Artist in His Museum, 1822 Oil on canvas, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
  20. 20. Alexander Wilson and Titian Ramsay Peale, John James Audubon, Wild Turkey, 1825 Wild Turkey Male and Female, Watercolor and graphite on paper, 38 ¾ x 26 in., New-York Historical Society from Wilson, American Ornithology

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