Globalization And The Irish Press


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Globalization And The Irish Press

  1. 1. Globalisation and its effects on the notion of national press: the case of the Republic of Ireland Jean Mercereau
  2. 2. “ Irish people like to see Ireland as an exceptional place. […] [But] what makes Ireland interesting is not that it is exceptional but, on the contrary, that it is, in the early 21st century, an extreme case of a phenomenon that touches every part of the world: globalisation.” Fintan O’Toole, After the Ball , 2003
  3. 3. <ul><li>FAVOURABLE CONDITIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Size & location; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GROWING INTEREST OF FOREIGN INVESTORS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Celtic Tiger; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stagnation of British market;; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing advertising cake; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IRISH OR FOREIGN? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem of definition; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A question of perspective: Joint National Readership Research-Audit Bureau of Circulation. </li></ul></ul>FOREIGN / TRANSNATIONAL OWNERSHIP
  4. 4. CIRCULATION OF DAILY MORNING NEWSPAPERS IN REPUBLIC OF IRELAND JANUARY-JUNE 2005 + 7.5% 57,000 Thomas Crosbie Holdings Irish Examiner + 31.6% 79,000 Trinity Mirror Irish Mirror + 33.3% 108,000 INM / Express Newspapers Irish Star + 21.6% 118,000 Irish Times Trust Limited Irish Times + 114.3% 120,000 News International Irish Sun + 6.5% 164,000 Independent News and Media Irish Independent EVOLUTION since 1995 CIRCULATION JANUARY-JUNE 2005 OWNER TITLE
  5. 5. Circulation of Irish and British daily morning newspapers in Ireland: compared evolution 1995-2005
  7. 7. MAJOR BRITISH GROUPS IN IRELAND <ul><li>NEWS INTERNATIONAL (NEWS CORPORATION): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Irish Sun (Circulation Jan.-June 2005: 120,000); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Irish News of the World (164,500); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sunday Times (106,000); </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ASSOCIATED NEWSPAPERS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland on Sunday (140,000); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metro Ireland (launched October 10, 2005); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish Daily Mail ? (project). </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>TRINITY MIRROR: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish Daily Mirror (79,000); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish Sunday Mirror (50,000); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People (48,000). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EXPRESS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish Daily Star Sunday (50,000); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50% Irish Daily Star (108,000). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REGIONAL NEWSPAPERS GROUPS: Johnston Press, Scottish Radio Holdings, Dumferline Press, Alpha Group Newspapers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. CONCENTRATION: THE POSITION OF INDEPENDENT NEWS AND MEDIA 71,000 Sunday The Sunday Tribune (30%) 274,000 Sunday The Sunday World 291,000 Sunday The Sunday Independent 94,000 Evening Daily The Evening Herald 108,000 Morning Daily The Irish Daily Star (50%) 164,000 Morning Daily The Irish Independent CIRCULATION JANUARY-JUNE 2005 TYPE TITLE
  11. 11. DOMINANT POSITION OR MONOPOLY? <ul><li>64% of Irish daily newspapers sold every day belong totally ( Irish Independent, Evening Herald ) or partially ( Irish Daily Star ) to Independent News & Media (INM); 75% of evening dailies; </li></ul><ul><li>35% of all daily newspapers (including British) sold every day in the Republic of Ireland belong to INM; </li></ul><ul><li>92% of Irish Sunday newspapers sold are totally ( Sunday Independent , Sunday World) or partially (Sunday Tribune) controlled by INM ; </li></ul><ul><li>49,5% of all Sunday newspapers sold are totally ( Sunday Independent , Sunday World) or partially (Sunday Tribune) controlled by INM ; </li></ul><ul><li>Together, INM and news International control 61% of the daily morning titles sold in the Republic of Ireland ( 73% on Sundays). </li></ul>
  12. 12. POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES <ul><li>ECONOMIC : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Price war; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cartel-like relationship”: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New publications forbidden; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rupert Murdoch and Tony Blair; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tony O’Reilly and Bertie Ahern; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JOURNALISTIC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End of the Irish “exception”; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ British journalistic disease”? (“Murdochisation”?). </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Ireland no exceptional case; </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign ownership and concentration not limited to press; </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland’s 2 “national newspapers” still Irish; </li></ul><ul><li>News like any other manufactured goods? </li></ul><ul><li>Being Irish as a marketing argument; </li></ul><ul><li>Metro Ireland ( Associated Newspapers, Metro International and Irish Times ) & Herald AM (Independent News and Media); </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>“ […] to big international media outfits, Ireland, like the rest of the world, is merely a market to be serviced and exploited. Technology, globalisation and economics have ensured that native media in small economies are under pressure ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Eddie Holt, “Who’s watching the media”, The Irish Times , 2 December 2000 </li></ul>