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Writing Summaries for Effective Research


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Writing Summaries for Effective Research

  1. 1. Summary<br />Chapter 1<br />
  2. 2. What is a summary?<br />A brief restatement, in your own words, of the content of a passage.<br />The key is to focus on the central idea.<br />
  3. 3. Write a brief summary for the following image:<br />
  4. 4. A summary requires Interpretation<br />Write a summary of the following image:<br />
  5. 5. Guidelines for writing a summary for a longer passage:<br />Include all of the main points.<br />The main points will reflect the order and emphasis given to them by the original author.<br />It may include important examples<br />It will not include minor details<br />It will not repeat points<br />It will not contain your opinions or conclusions<br />
  6. 6. A good summary will include the following:<br />Brevity<br />Completeness <br />Objectivity<br />
  7. 7. What does the following image represent?<br />
  8. 8. Objectivity?<br />Prior knowledge<br />Frame of reference<br /> Make a conscious, good-faith effort to be objective.<br />
  9. 9. Where do we find summaries in academic writing and real life?<br />Critique papers<br />Synthesis papers<br />Analysis papers<br />Research papers<br />Literature reviews<br />Argument papers<br />Essay exams<br />Policy briefs<br />Business plans<br />Memos, letters, and reports<br />Medical charts<br />Legal briefs<br />
  10. 10. Purpose of a Summary<br />Help you understand what you have read<br />Summaries are useful to your readers<br />Summaries are frequently required in college-level writing<br />
  11. 11. The Reading Process<br />Summaries require you to read carefully and allow you to make accurate and coherent discussions that go beyond the summary.<br />
  12. 12. Critical Reading Notes<br />
  13. 13. Is this what Kant is really saying?<br />
  14. 14. Examine the Context<br />Credentials, occupation, and publications of the author. Identify the source in which the piece originally appeared.<br />
  15. 15. Note the title and subtitle<br />They reveal the author’s attitude toward the subject.<br />
  16. 16. Indentify the main point<br />
  17. 17. Identify the subordinate points<br />
  18. 18. Break the reading into sections<br />
  19. 19. Distinguish between points, examples, and counterarguments<br />Note what and how authors make arguments<br />
  20. 20. Watch for transitions within and between paragraphs<br />Road signs of logic<br />
  21. 21. Read actively and recursively<br />Engage in a dialogue with the author<br />
  22. 22. Exercise<br />Chapter 6, read Solomon A. Asch’s article “Opinions and Social Pressure” ( pages 206-211).<br />Follow the steps for writing summaries—read , underline, divide into stages of thought—write 1-2 sentence summaries of each stage.<br />Form groups—write a one or two sentence thesis statement summing up the entire passage and write a brief summary of Asch’s article, modeled upon the brief summary of Graham’s essay on page 18.<br />
  23. 23. Guidelines for Writing Summaries<br />Freezing at St. Michaels<br />
  24. 24. Read the passage carefully<br />
  25. 25. Reread.<br />
  26. 26. Write one-sentence summaries<br />~ Drip - "?" ~<br />Catching this droplet on a tiny rose leaf was so important, but only for a moment. <br />
  27. 27. Write a thesis– a one or two sentence summary<br />
  28. 28. Write the first draft of your summary<br />
  29. 29. Check your summary against the original passage<br />
  30. 30. Revise your Summary<br />