Chapter9ppt 100525150233-phpapp01

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Chapter9ppt 100525150233-phpapp01

  1. 1. Two Uses of Definitions <ul><ul><li>Definitions clarify a description. For instance, a zoologist who has discovered a new animal species names and defines it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions help specialists communicate with less knowledgeable readers. </li></ul></ul>Chapter 9. Drafting and Revising Definitions and Descriptions © 2007 by Bedford/St. Martin's
  2. 2. Types of Definitions <ul><ul><li>parenthetical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extended </li></ul></ul>Chapter 9. Drafting and Revising Definitions and Descriptions © 2007 by Bedford/St. Martin's
  3. 3. Standard Pattern for Sentence Definitions <ul><li>Item = Category + Distinguishing Characteristics </li></ul>Chapter 9. Drafting and Revising Definitions and Descriptions © 2007 by Bedford/St. Martin's
  4. 4. Guidelines for Writing Effective Sentence Definitions <ul><ul><li>Be specific in stating the category and the distinguishing characteristics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't describe a specific item if you are defining a general class of items. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid writing circular definitions: definitions that merely repeat the key words or the distinguishing characteristics of the item being defined in the category. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure the category contains a noun or a noun phrase rather than a phrase beginning with when , what , or where . </li></ul></ul>Chapter 9. Drafting and Revising Definitions and Descriptions © 2007 by Bedford/St. Martin's
  5. 5. Techniques Used in Extended Definitions <ul><ul><li>graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>partition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>principle of operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>comparison and contrast </li></ul></ul>Chapter 9. Drafting and Revising Definitions and Descriptions © 2007 by Bedford/St. Martin's
  6. 6. Techniques Used in Extended Definitions (cont.) <ul><ul><li>analogy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>negation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etymology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>history of the term </li></ul></ul>Chapter 9. Drafting and Revising Definitions and Descriptions © 2007 by Bedford/St. Martin's

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