Driving Innovation withOpen Data and Knowledge Sharing             Jeanne Holm          Evangelist, Data.gov            Ja...
Change is Happening…January 7, 2012           2
What Will You Do?January 7, 2012              3
PeoplePeople  Knowledge  Problems                                The Times They Are A’Changing                          ...
Generations Share                          Differently• 1930-50’s era generation   – Focus on society   – Friendships are ...
Trust and Reciprocity• Trust can be built on   • Personal experience      • “I know you”   • Shared experience      • “We ...
The Learning JourneyJanuary 7, 2012        7
January 7, 2012   8
NASA SpaceBookJanuary 7, 2012         9
NASA SpaceBookJanuary 7, 2012         10
Communities for Collaboration  January 7, 2012         11
Finding NASA ExpertsJanuary 7, 2012            12
Defining the Competitive Edge• Historically, innovation and breakthrough ideas and  technologies occur at the edges and bo...
January 7, 2012   14
January 7, 2012   15
January 7, 2012   16
January 7, 2012   17
January 7, 2012   18
January 7, 2012   19
January 7, 2012   20
January 7, 2012   21
January 7, 2012   22
January 7, 2012   23
January 7, 2012   24
January 7, 2012   25
Our Modes of Communication                    Keep Changing• YouTube is now second largest  search engine in the world• 1....
Open Government Initiative           • Transparency promotes             accountability           • Participation allows  ...
Creating a Data Ecosystem1. Gather data  –   from many places and give it freely to      developers, scientists, and citiz...
Data.gov        • Provides instant access          to over 400,000          datasets in easy to use          formats      ...
Easy to Find DataJanuary 7, 2012               30
The Power of VisualizationsJanuary 7, 2012           31
Powered Through Advanced      Technologies     • Provides developers the tools and       raw data formats to develop new  ...
Learn at Data.gov• Resources for students  and teachers• Examples of how data is  being used to develop  apps• Lesson plan...
Open Data for the Economy• When the Department of  Defense released satellite  data…private industry created  affordable G...
Open Communities                  Community                  Restore the Gulf            ✓                  Open Data     ...
Supporting Global EventsJapanese tsunami, earthquake,   and radiation monitoring                                          ...
Health.Data.gov                                               Champion: Todd Park                                         ...
Publicizing Data to Innovators• Challenges and code‐a-  thons  (health2challenge.org)• Many innovator “meetups”  and confe...
Creating Apps That Improve Lives:          Asthmapolis     January 7, 2012         39
Creating Apps That Save Lives:iTriage and Hospital Compare  January 7, 2012          40
Creating Apps That Change Lives: Eat                          Your Vegetables and Food Deserts• Eat Your Vegetables uses  ...
Use Case: Economic• Healthtap   – Provides free, reliable, and     independent health information     through the use of o...
Real Outcomes = Better Lives• The data delivered through the 185 agencies  participating in Data.gov eases the burden on f...
Think Big, Start Small, Innovate              Data.gov Quick Facts                         May 2009   October 2011Total da...
Energy Drives Innovation• Energy.Data.gov  connects  innovators,  industry,  academia, and  government at  federal, state,...
Challenges Spark Ideas• Energy.Data.gov  connects works  with challenges  across the nation  to integrate  federal data an...
Data Drives Decisions• Apps transform  data in  understandable  ways to help  people make  decisions                   Jan...
The Path Ahead• Bring data up and out of government to the public ★• Make data accessible and linked ★★★★★• Provide simple...
US Open Government Action Plan• On 20 September 2011, President Obama  announced at the UN General Assembly…• Contribute D...
Open Data at Cities, Counties,        and States  January 7, 2012          50
A Global Movement HasBegun to ProvideTransparency and Democratization     of Data   Don’t see your site?  Update via @usda...
Let’s work together to set the          data free!         www.Data.Gov          @usdatagov         jholm@jpl.nasa.gov    ...
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Driving Innovation (Pepperdine)

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Driving Innovation presentation for Dr. Mark Chun at Pepperdine University

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  • Most popular types of datasets: geography and environment, health and nutrition, and national security and veterans affairs
  • Uses asthma patients aggregated GPS notations to create hot spots in communities where there are asthma issuesChanges individual behaviorFrom 65% daily incidence to 25% daily incidence of inhaler uses over a six month study
  • A parent has a child who is illAsk questions online at HealthTapFind a hospital and compare (Hospital Compare)That doctor recommends GPS-powered inhaler (Asthmapolis)Monitor asthma levels at school through Public School RecordsKnow in advance the best places to play, how to get to school, and how to plan your dayThe data delivered through the 172 agencies participating in Data.gov eases the burden on families in caring for a sick childMore importantly, the data as it’s aggregated empower communities to make changes that improve the qualiy of life of citizens(ReLeaf plants trees in areas identified by Together We Breathe as danger areas for asthma sufferersCities see hot spots that trigger asthma problems for their citizens
  • Driving Innovation (Pepperdine)

    1. 1. Driving Innovation withOpen Data and Knowledge Sharing Jeanne Holm Evangelist, Data.gov January 7, 2012
    2. 2. Change is Happening…January 7, 2012 2
    3. 3. What Will You Do?January 7, 2012 3
    4. 4. PeoplePeople  Knowledge  Problems The Times They Are A’Changing January 7, 2012 4
    5. 5. Generations Share Differently• 1930-50’s era generation – Focus on society – Friendships are forged through adversity• 1960-70’s era generation – Focus on community – Friendships forged through identification with a cause• 1980-90’s era generation – Focus on the individual – Friendships forged through individual goal accomplishment• 2000’s era generation – Focus on common interests – Friendships are created or thrive virtually… January 7, 2012 5
    6. 6. Trust and Reciprocity• Trust can be built on • Personal experience • “I know you” • Shared experience • “We both worked on the same project” • Transfer of trust • “We know the same person who trusts us” • Shared values • “We agree to operate by the same rules” January 7, 2012 6
    7. 7. The Learning JourneyJanuary 7, 2012 7
    8. 8. January 7, 2012 8
    9. 9. NASA SpaceBookJanuary 7, 2012 9
    10. 10. NASA SpaceBookJanuary 7, 2012 10
    11. 11. Communities for Collaboration January 7, 2012 11
    12. 12. Finding NASA ExpertsJanuary 7, 2012 12
    13. 13. Defining the Competitive Edge• Historically, innovation and breakthrough ideas and technologies occur at the edges and boundaries of networks• Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions describes such radical innovation as a paradigm shift – Astronomy: Ptolemy to Copernicus – Biology: Creation to Darwinian evolution – Politics: English monarchy to Magna Carta• Where will your innovation occur? January 7, 2012 13
    14. 14. January 7, 2012 14
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    24. 24. January 7, 2012 24
    25. 25. January 7, 2012 25
    26. 26. Our Modes of Communication Keep Changing• YouTube is now second largest search engine in the world• 1.5 million pieces of content shared daily on Facebook• 250 million visitors each month to YouTube and Facebook• Mobile devices will be world’s primary connection tool to the Internet in 2020 January 7, 2012 26
    27. 27. Open Government Initiative • Transparency promotes accountability • Participation allows people to contribute ideas • Collaboration encourages cooperation within government and with industry January 7, 2012 27
    28. 28. Creating a Data Ecosystem1. Gather data – from many places and give it freely to developers, scientists, and citizens2. Connect the community – in finding solutions to allow collaboration through social media, events, platforms3. Provide an infrastructure – built on standards4. Encourage technology developers – to create apps, maps, and visualizations of data that empower people’s choices “A Strategy for American5. Gather more data Innovation” published – and connect more people September 2009 January 7, 2012 28
    29. 29. Data.gov • Provides instant access to over 400,000 datasets in easy to use formats • Contributions from UN, World Bank, and 185 agencies • Encourage development of innovative applications • Drive innovation and knowledge use across the globeJanuary 7, 2012 29
    30. 30. Easy to Find DataJanuary 7, 2012 30
    31. 31. The Power of VisualizationsJanuary 7, 2012 31
    32. 32. Powered Through Advanced Technologies • Provides developers the tools and raw data formats to develop new capabilities • Partnership with W3C (eGov Interest Group) and with RPI for research in semantic web • Connected to other open data efforts across the world • Data hosted in the cloud • Open source platform • Builds on ontologies developed in specific areasJanuary 7, 2012 32
    33. 33. Learn at Data.gov• Resources for students and teachers• Examples of how data is being used to develop apps• Lesson plans and videos• Showcase your science fair project that uses government data! January 7, 2012 33
    34. 34. Open Data for the Economy• When the Department of Defense released satellite data…private industry created affordable GPS devices• Data from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) helped build weather-related business• Opportunities for private sector are limitless January 7, 2012 34
    35. 35. Open Communities Community Restore the Gulf ✓ Open Data ✓ Semantic Web ✓ Health ✓ Law ✓ Energy ✓ Education Ocean Research and Development Public Safety Human rights + many more…January 7, 2012 35
    36. 36. Supporting Global EventsJapanese tsunami, earthquake, and radiation monitoring Restore the Gulf: Deepwater Horizon Response January 7, 2012 36
    37. 37. Health.Data.gov Champion: Todd Park Chief Technology Officer US Dept. of Health and Human Services Apps Forums BlogsChallenges January 7, 2012 37
    38. 38. Publicizing Data to Innovators• Challenges and code‐a- thons (health2challenge.org)• Many innovator “meetups” and conferences• Annual health data- paloozas• Over 139 applications• 50 new businesses• Thousands of lives improved each day January 7, 2012 38
    39. 39. Creating Apps That Improve Lives: Asthmapolis January 7, 2012 39
    40. 40. Creating Apps That Save Lives:iTriage and Hospital Compare January 7, 2012 40
    41. 41. Creating Apps That Change Lives: Eat Your Vegetables and Food Deserts• Eat Your Vegetables uses Health and Human Services community health data and shows obesity rates by county• Food Deserts shows areas with a lack of access to fresh food• Combined can inform cities and citizens how to change their behavior• Games like Hungry Hiker helps kids make better choices – Apps for Healthy Kids sponsored by First Lady Michelle Obama January 7, 2012 41
    42. 42. Use Case: Economic• Healthtap – Provides free, reliable, and independent health information through the use of open data and by building the world’s largest medical expert network tailored for young mothers and their children – Won 2010 Health 2.0 challenge – Success invigorated expansion and new hiring at HealthTap – Reaches to Data.gov datasets (along with others) January 7, 2012 42
    43. 43. Real Outcomes = Better Lives• The data delivered through the 185 agencies participating in Data.gov eases the burden on families in caring for a sick child or seeking medical information• More importantly, the data as it’s aggregated empowers communities to make changes that improve the quality of life of citizens – ReLeaf plants trees in areas identified by Together We Breathe as danger areas for asthma sufferers – Cities see hot spots that trigger asthma problems for their citizens• Each company in Health 2.0 used government data to innovate and create high-value jobs here in America January 7, 2012 43
    44. 44. Think Big, Start Small, Innovate Data.gov Quick Facts May 2009 October 2011Total datasets available 47 >400,000Hits to Data.gov 0 >200 millionApps and mash-ups by citizens and government 0 372 + 1113RDF triples for semantic applications 0 6.7 billionDataset downloads 0 >2.0 millionNations establishing open data sites 0 28States offering open data sites 0 31Cities in North America with open data sites 0 13Open data contacts in Federal agencies 24 396Agencies and subagencies participating 7 185Communities 0 7Community challenges 0 23 January 7, 2012 44
    45. 45. Energy Drives Innovation• Energy.Data.gov connects innovators, industry, academia, and government at federal, state, and local levels January 7, 2012 45
    46. 46. Challenges Spark Ideas• Energy.Data.gov connects works with challenges across the nation to integrate federal data and bring government personnel to code-a-thons January 7, 2012 46
    47. 47. Data Drives Decisions• Apps transform data in understandable ways to help people make decisions January 7, 2012 47
    48. 48. The Path Ahead• Bring data up and out of government to the public ★• Make data accessible and linked ★★★★★• Provide simple ways to visualize the data• Create communities to understand and apply data• Connect and collaborate with small businesses, industry, and academia to drive innovation• Develop open source open government data platform with India for global use and further community development• Share with others to understand global issues Be the change you want to see in the world – Ghandi January 7, 2012 48
    49. 49. US Open Government Action Plan• On 20 September 2011, President Obama announced at the UN General Assembly…• Contribute Data.gov as a platform – India and the U.S. creating open source platform – Will allow any country to create open data site• Foster communities on Data.gov – Health, energy, and law plus new communities in education, research and development, and public safety• Launch International Space Apps Competition – NASA and other space agencies will gather scientists and citizens – Use data for global challenges: weather impacts on global economy and depletion of ocean resources – A collaboration website will be created to facilitate citizen participation January 7, 2012 49
    50. 50. Open Data at Cities, Counties, and States January 7, 2012 50
    51. 51. A Global Movement HasBegun to ProvideTransparency and Democratization of Data Don’t see your site? Update via @usdatagov January 7, 2012 51
    52. 52. Let’s work together to set the data free! www.Data.Gov @usdatagov jholm@jpl.nasa.gov @JeanneHolm January 7, 2012 52

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