“If your plan for one year…plant rice; If
your plan is for ten years…plant a tree;
But if your plan is for
eternity…EDUCAT...
BASIC CONCEPTS
• 1. Strategy of Teaching
–Science of developing a plan to attain
goal and guard against undesirable
result...
BASIC CONCEPTS
• 2. Method of Teaching
–Series of related and progressive acts
performed by a teacher and the
students to ...
BASIC CONCEPTS
• 3. Techniques of Teaching
–Personalized style of carrying out a
particular step of a given method
THE TEACHER AS A CORPORATE
PROFESSIONAL

• Polished Look

–Dress suited for a professional
–Tasteful accessories
–Tasteful...
THE TEACHER AS A CORPORATE
PROFESSIONAL

• Polished Demeanour

–Professional walking
–Professional “sit”
–Professional “ha...
THE TEACHER AS A CORPORATE
PROFESSIONAL
• Polished Language
–Voice
–Gesture
CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING
METHODS

• Traditional

–Old fashion way of teaching
CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING
METHODS

• Time-tested

–Methods that stood the test of
time and are still being used at
presen...
CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING
METHODS

• Progressive

–Newer and more improved
methods of teaching
CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD
METHOD

Makes use of the principles of
learning
Utilizes the principles of “learning
by doing”...
CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD
METHOD
Liberates the learners
Stimulates thinking and reasoning
Variables Affecting Teaching Method
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Objectives
Nature of students
Nature of subject matter
The teacher
Tech...
Lesson Planning
• Learning Objectives
– Statements of what students will be able to
DO when they have completed instructio...
Lesson Planning
• Components of Learning Objectives
– Description of what the student will be able to
do
– Conditions unde...
Goal vs. Learning Objectives
• Goal
• Statement of the intended general
outcome of an instructional unit or
program
Goal vs. Learning Objectives
• Goal
• Statement of one or several specific
performances, the achievement of
which contribu...
Goal vs. Learning Objectives
• Goal: To enable the students to make reliable and
accurate assessments of learning

• Objec...
Importance of Objectives
1. Selection of content
2. Development of an instructional strategy
3. Development and selection ...
How to Write Objectives
1. Focus on student performance not teacher
performance
2. Focus on product—not process
3. Focus o...
Elements of Objectives
1. Behaviour—what competency?

2. Criterion—how well?
3. Conditions—parameter indicator
Levels of Cognitive Objectives
1. Basic Knowledge—recall and memorize
2. Comprehension—translate from one form to
another
...
Levels of Cognitive Objectives
4. Analysis—examine a concept and break it
down into its parts
5. Synthesis—put information...
Levels of Affective Objectives
1. Receiving—being aware of or
sensitive to the existence of certain
ideas, material or phe...
Levels of Affective Objectives
2. Responding—committed in
some small measure t the
ideas, materials, or phenomena
involved...
Levels of Affective Objectives
3. Valuing—willing to be perceived by
others as valuing certain
ideas, materials, or phenom...
Levels of Affective Objectives
4. Organization—relate the value to
those already held and bring it into a
harmonious and i...
Levels of Affective Objectives
5. Characterization—to act
consistently in accordance with the
values he or she has interna...
Levels of Psychomotor Objectives
1. Observing—active mental attending of a
physical event
2. Imitating—attempted copying o...
Levels of Psychomotor Objectives
3. Practicing—trying a specific physical activity
over and over
4. Adapting—fine tuning. ...
Direct Instruction/Lecture
• Advantages

• Disadvantages

– Teacher controlled
– Many objectives can be
mastered in a shor...
Thank You!
Principles of teaching
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Principles of teaching

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Principles of teaching

  1. 1. “If your plan for one year…plant rice; If your plan is for ten years…plant a tree; But if your plan is for eternity…EDUCATE children.”
  2. 2. BASIC CONCEPTS • 1. Strategy of Teaching –Science of developing a plan to attain goal and guard against undesirable results.
  3. 3. BASIC CONCEPTS • 2. Method of Teaching –Series of related and progressive acts performed by a teacher and the students to attain the objectives of the lesson
  4. 4. BASIC CONCEPTS • 3. Techniques of Teaching –Personalized style of carrying out a particular step of a given method
  5. 5. THE TEACHER AS A CORPORATE PROFESSIONAL • Polished Look –Dress suited for a professional –Tasteful accessories –Tasteful make-up for female –Personal hygiene
  6. 6. THE TEACHER AS A CORPORATE PROFESSIONAL • Polished Demeanour –Professional walking –Professional “sit” –Professional “handshake”
  7. 7. THE TEACHER AS A CORPORATE PROFESSIONAL • Polished Language –Voice –Gesture
  8. 8. CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING METHODS • Traditional –Old fashion way of teaching
  9. 9. CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING METHODS • Time-tested –Methods that stood the test of time and are still being used at present
  10. 10. CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING METHODS • Progressive –Newer and more improved methods of teaching
  11. 11. CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD METHOD Makes use of the principles of learning Utilizes the principles of “learning by doing” Provides for growth and development
  12. 12. CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD METHOD Liberates the learners Stimulates thinking and reasoning
  13. 13. Variables Affecting Teaching Method • • • • • • • Objectives Nature of students Nature of subject matter The teacher Technology School environment Teacher’s knowledge of group dynamics
  14. 14. Lesson Planning • Learning Objectives – Statements of what students will be able to DO when they have completed instruction
  15. 15. Lesson Planning • Components of Learning Objectives – Description of what the student will be able to do – Conditions under which the student will perform the task – Criteria for evaluating student performance
  16. 16. Goal vs. Learning Objectives • Goal • Statement of the intended general outcome of an instructional unit or program
  17. 17. Goal vs. Learning Objectives • Goal • Statement of one or several specific performances, the achievement of which contributes to the attainment of the goal
  18. 18. Goal vs. Learning Objectives • Goal: To enable the students to make reliable and accurate assessments of learning • Objectives: – Construct multiple-choice questions to measure student achievement – State the accuracy of test scores – Determine the reliability of the exam
  19. 19. Importance of Objectives 1. Selection of content 2. Development of an instructional strategy 3. Development and selection of instructional materials 4. Construction of tests and other instruments for assessing and then evaluating student learning outcomes
  20. 20. How to Write Objectives 1. Focus on student performance not teacher performance 2. Focus on product—not process 3. Focus on terminal behaviour—not subject matter 4. Include only one general learning outcome in each objective
  21. 21. Elements of Objectives 1. Behaviour—what competency? 2. Criterion—how well? 3. Conditions—parameter indicator
  22. 22. Levels of Cognitive Objectives 1. Basic Knowledge—recall and memorize 2. Comprehension—translate from one form to another 3. Application—use information in a new situation
  23. 23. Levels of Cognitive Objectives 4. Analysis—examine a concept and break it down into its parts 5. Synthesis—put information together in a unique or novel way to solve a problem 6. Evaluation—make a quantitative or qualitative judgments using standards of appraisal
  24. 24. Levels of Affective Objectives 1. Receiving—being aware of or sensitive to the existence of certain ideas, material or phenomena and being willing to tolerate them
  25. 25. Levels of Affective Objectives 2. Responding—committed in some small measure t the ideas, materials, or phenomena involved by actively responding to them
  26. 26. Levels of Affective Objectives 3. Valuing—willing to be perceived by others as valuing certain ideas, materials, or phenomena
  27. 27. Levels of Affective Objectives 4. Organization—relate the value to those already held and bring it into a harmonious and internally consistent philosophy
  28. 28. Levels of Affective Objectives 5. Characterization—to act consistently in accordance with the values he or she has internalized
  29. 29. Levels of Psychomotor Objectives 1. Observing—active mental attending of a physical event 2. Imitating—attempted copying of a physical behavior
  30. 30. Levels of Psychomotor Objectives 3. Practicing—trying a specific physical activity over and over 4. Adapting—fine tuning. Making minor adjustments in the physical activity in order to perfect it.
  31. 31. Direct Instruction/Lecture • Advantages • Disadvantages – Teacher controlled – Many objectives can be mastered in a short amount of time – Student involvement is limited – Leads to valid evaluation – Depends in part to rote learning
  32. 32. Thank You!

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