INSTRUMENTATION FOR FIXED
• Cotton pliers. This instrument
is used to hold brackets
securely when placing them
onto the tooth surface.
• Explorer. In orthodontics, this
is commonly used to remove
elastics, in place of a scaler. In
addition, it can be used to
remove excess resin after
• Mouth mirror. This is used to
verify the MD position of the
Bidirectional ligature director.
This instrument is used to tuck
metal ligatures under the
archwire, to keep the ends free
from irritating the soft tissue.
Bracket height gauge. This is
used to measure the distance
from the occlusal/incisal
surface to the bracket slot.
Distal-end cutter. This
instrument cuts the distal end
of archwire while holding the
cut end. Therefore, this can be
used in an intraoral setting.
Mathieu plier. This is an instrument
that locks (like a haemostat) and
braces small metal parts. In
general, they are used to hold and
twist the ends of metal ligatures, and
also to place elastic ligatures.
Ligature-cutting plier. To avoid
damage to the instrument, these
pliers must only be used to cut small
gauges of “dead soft” stainless steel
ligature wire (<0.014”) intra orally.
Hard wire cutter. This instrument is
designed to cut thick wire (> 0.014”)
Ladmore composite instrument. This
non-stick instrument is used to
place resin onto the base of the
Cheek and lip retractor. This is an
adjustable device that retracts away
the lips and cheeks to maximize
visibility and to minimize salivary
Debonding plier. This instrument is
used to remove brackets by holding
the bracket mesio-distally and
applying slight pressure by torquing
or turning in a clockwise motion.