Joshua DuWors Period 5 08/03/11 Phoenicians ~vs~ Greeks The Phoenicians and the Greeks came from completely different backgrounds, yet areso similar, you cant help but think theyre related. Their cultures, expansionists ideas, andbeliefs all had the same general flavor to them. Both cultures were divided into small countries called city-states. Each city-stateworshiped one patron deity, with a temple or shine in or near the middle of the city. Also, eachcity-state had their own individual governments (monarchies, oligarchies, even the firstdemocracy), to control the city-states populace and to regulate trading transactions. The Greeks and the Phoenicians would not have had those transactions, had they netbeen among the best seamen in the Ancient World. Both civilizations knew how to navigateusing Polaris. They had powerful navies of Triremes to defend their ports,their profit out insea, and their colony ships that left for new lands. These ships established trading posts along the Mediterranean coast. Some of thesecolonies, such as Carthage (Phoenicians) and Syracuse (Greeks), became very powerfulstates. All these colonies helped spread Greek/Phoenician culture throughout theMediterranean. Both The Greeks and the Phoenicians belief system were very similar, as well. TheGreeks believed that the gods were in every aspect in nature. There was no sin unless youdispleased the gods. The Phoenicians believed that their gods resided in various parts ofnature, as well. The gods can bring you good luck or bad luck. However, they also believedthat their were other sins than displeasing the gods, unlike the Greeks.
Despite all these similarities, there are a few differences that stand out between theGreeks and the Phoenicians. First, Greeces city-states were able to unite their armies and tosuccessfully stand up to superpowers like Persia. Phoenician city-states, on the other hand,either sent envoys and paid ransoms to prevent their respective citys destruction, or theytried to revolt and were crushed in the process. Their clothing was very separate in appearance, as well. The Greeks wore a chiton, upto the knee for guys, to the ankles for girls. Phoenician mens clothes were in two parts. One,the Tunic, a tight fitting under-garment that was made in one piece, with no seams. Then, theMantle, a piece of square cloth that was loose enough to be placed around the body, with afold that could be made to protect the head. For women, they wore a dress that was asdecorated as the wearer could afford. In spite of these differences, the Greeks and the Phoenicians are very much alike.They both made some of the greatest advances of their time, such as the creation ofphilosophy, the alphabet, and the railroad, just to name a few. They had such an impact onWestern Civilization, it is still felt today in our own culture , as in our architecture, our forms ofgovernment, and our beliefs. Dont expect that to change in a long time.
Works Cited"A SPIRITUAL JOURNEY TO OUR HOLY LAND: LEBANON."http://www.mountlebanon.org/histphoenicians.html. mountlebanon, N/A. Web. 9 Mar 2011."Greek alphabet (Ελληνικό αλφάβητο)."http://www.omniglot.com/writing/greek.htm. Omniglot, 1998. Web. 9 Mar 2011.Sarkis, Dr. Hassan. "Editorials Contributing Writers Dr. Hassan Sarkis The“Canaanite-Phoenician” city-states The “Canaanite-Phoenician” city-states."http://www.information-international.com/info/index.php/editorials/contributing-writers/dr-hassan-sarkis/365-the-canaanite-phoenician-city-states. InformationiInternational, 2009. Web. 9 Mar 2011.Clothing of the Phoenicians." http://www.oldandsold.com. Old and Sold, 1928.Web. 29 Mar 2011.