The Age of Anxiety: 1920s

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Discussion of the political, economic, academic, artistic, religious, psychological and scientific experience of the 1920s, and the destabilization of 19th century certitudes.

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The Age of Anxiety: 1920s

  1. 1. "Age of Anxiety" Instability and Destabilization
  2. 2. Politics • Post-war: – New Nations – Russian Revolution • Age of Mass Democracy – Women's Rights – National Liberation Movements • Ireland • India • Korea • Chaos: China
  3. 3. Economics • Boom and Bust cycles – US • 1920-21 recession, Commodity Price collapse, Stock Market bubble – Japan • Rice Riots, Kanto Earthquake, Bank Failures, Great Depression – Europe • Reparations and Hyperinflation • Competition from US, NIEs
  4. 4. Society and Social Science • Social Darwinism • Social Science: – Crowd Psychology – Anthropology – Sociology • Psychology: Sigmund Freud – Ego, Id, Superego – Unconscious – Sexuality
  5. 5. Religion and Art • Friedrich Nietzsche: Deconstruction • Evolution v. Revelation • Textual Criticism • Religious Revival – Papal Infallibility – Dispensationalism: Revelations – Literalism – Urban Missionaries • Photography, Impressionism, Modernism and Surrealism
  6. 6. Physics • Science as Metaphor: – Ernst Mach & Henri Poincare • Wilhelm Roentgen: X-Rays • Becquerel and Curie: Uranium and Radium • JJ Thomson: Electrons • Ernst Rutherford: Atomic Disintegration • Max Planck: Quanta • Albert Einstein: E=mc2, Relativity • Werner Heisenberg: Uncertainty
  7. 7. • Background: Giacomo Balla, "Plastic Construction of Noise and Speed" 1914-1968, Hirschorn Museum • http://www.flickr.com/photos/jondresner/

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